Your Free Guide to WIC

wic guide cover

Your Free Guide to WIC

You will learn about:
  • Ways to apply for WIC benefits in your state
  • The requirements you need to meet to get WIC benefits
  • How to contact your state's WIC program and more!

157 min – Estimated reading time

Your Free Guide to WIC

Your Free Guide to WIC

wic guide cover

What is the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC)?

mother feeding son what is wic

The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) is a federal assistance program that provides food, nutrition and health care services to eligible children and pregnant, postpartum and breastfeeding women. It is overseen by the United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Food and Nutrition Service (FNS). WIC is available in all 50 states, U.S. territories and several tribal nations throughout the country. 

Basic WIC Eligibility

All WIC participants must meet the general eligibility guidelines in order to receive any food, nutrition or health care services. WIC is available to:

  • Pregnant women
  • Breastfeeding mothers
  • Postpartum women
  • Children and infants 5 years of age or younger

There are a few national eligibility standards that all agencies use to determine who qualifies for WIC. These are:

  • Income
  • Age or stage of pregnancy
  • Residency 
  • Nutritional risk

Learn more about eligibility requirements in the section “WIC Program Eligibility Requirements.”

Federal WIC Contact Information

WIC is operated in each state and territory by local WIC agencies, but it is administered at the federal level by the USDA’s Food and Nutrition Service.

For general WIC program information, you can reach the FNS by phone at:

FNS main office:
703-305-2060

USDA Information Hotline: 202-720-2791

You can also contact the FNS by mail at:

WIC vs. Food Stamps

WIC is similar to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), also referred to as Food Stamps. Both programs provide nutrition assistance to eligible individuals in the U.S. However, the two programs differ in their eligibility requirements, application processes and program goals.

The goal of SNAP is to provide healthy foods to benefit recipients and to help them achieve self-sufficiency. SNAP recipients can use their benefits to purchase a variety of USDA-approved food for groceries. To enroll in SNAP, qualifying individuals must submit an application and complete an interview to confirm eligibility. SNAP is available to eligible families and individuals of all ages. 

WIC, however, is only available to pregnant, breastfeeding, and non-breastfeeding postpartum women, and to infants and children up to age five who are found to be at nutritional risk. The goal of WIC is to provide qualifying women and their children supplemental food, health care referrals, and nutrition education. 

Unlike SNAP applicants, WIC applicants must undergo a health evaluation as part of the application process. The benefits provided through WIC are tailored to the recipient after undergoing a health assessment. 

The income guidelines for SNAP and WIC are similar from location to location, because many states, territories and tribes manage both SNAP and WIC programs through a single department. 

For information on SNAP eligibility requirements, application processes and how to get in contact with a local office in your state, visit the SNAP State Directory of Resources on the USDA website here: https://www.fns.usda.gov/snap/state-directory.

WIC Contact Information by State, Territory and Tribe

The table below includes contact information for each state, territory and tribe that has a WIC program. The tribes listed in this table are the only federally recognized tribes that participate in the WIC program.

Administrative OfficePhone NumberWIC Agency AddressLocal WIC Offices
Acoma, Canoncito & Laguna TribesACL WIC Program1-800-721-5998P.O. Box 310
New Laguna, NM 87038
United States
https://aclwic.org 
AlabamaAlabama Department of Public Health1-888-942-4673 201 Monroe St. Montgomery, AL 36093
United States
https://www.alabamapublichealth.gov/wic/ 
AlaskaAlaska Department of Health and Social Services907-465-8636130 Seward St.
Suite 508
Juneau, AK 99811
United States
http://dhss.alaska.gov/dpa/Pages/nutri/wic/participants/regional-clinics.aspx 
American SamoaDepartment of Human and Social Services684-633-2617P.O. Box 997534
Pago Pago, AS
96799
United States
https://aswic.com/clinicsoffices/ 
ArizonaDepartment of Health Services1-800-252-5942 150 N. 18th Ave.
Suite 310
Phoenix, AZ 85007
United States
http://clinicsearch.azbnp.gov 
ArkansasDepartment of Health501-661-2598Freeway Medical Building
5800 W. 10th St., Suite 300
Little Rock, AR
72204-1703
United States
http://adh-staging.ark.org/local-health-units 
CaliforniaDepartment of Public Health1-888-942-96753901 Lennane Drive
Sacramento, CA 95834
United States
https://m.wic.ca.gov/Clinics/ClinicSearch.aspx 
Cherokee Nation Cherokee Nation1-800-256-0671 ext. 5589P.O. Box 948
Tahlequah, OK
74465-0948
United States
https://health.cherokee.org/media/ox2hvfvu/wic-clinic-map.pdf 
*Cheyenne River SiouxCheyenne River Sioux605-964-3947P.O. Box 590
Eagle Butte, SD
57625-0590
United States
https://www.nwica.org/states/cheyenne-river-sioux-tribe
Chickasaw NationChickasaw Nation1-855-559-0985P.O. Box 1548
Ada, OK 74820
United States
https://www.chickasaw.net/services/wic-supplemental-nutrition-program.aspx 
Choctaw Nation of OklahomaChoctaw Nation of Oklahoma1-800-522-61701803 Chukka Hina
Durant, OK 74701
United States
https://www.choctawnation.com/tribal-services/member-services/choctaw-nation-wic-program 
Citizen Potawatomi NationCitizen Potawatomi Nation1-800-880-98801601 S. Gordon Cooper Drive
Shawnee, OK 74801
United States
https://www.potawatomi.org/services/health/wic/ 
ColoradoDepartment of Health and Environment303-692-24004300 Cherry Creek Drive S
Denver, CO
80246-1530
United States
https://www.cdphe-wic.byf1.io/find-wic-clinic 
Commonwealth Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI)Commonwealth Healthcare Corp.670-664-4067P.O. Box 500409
Saipan, 96950
United States
http://www.cnmicclp.gov.mp/woman-infants-and-children-program-wic/ 
ConnecticutDepartment of Public Health860-509-8084410 Capitol Ave.
P.O. Box 340308
Hartford, CT
06134-0308
United States
https://portal.ct.gov/DPH/WIC/Find-a-Local-Agency
DelawareDepartment of Health and Social Services302-741-2900Blue Hen Corporate Center
655 Bay Road,
Suite 1C
Dover, DE 19901
United States
https://www.dhss.delaware.gov/dhss/dph/chca/files/wiccliniclocationsandhours.pdf 
District of ColumbiaDC Department of Health202-442-9140899 N. Capitol St. NE
Third Floor, Suite 3111
Washington, DC 20002
United States
https://doh.dc.gov/sites/default/files/dc/sites/doh/WIC%20Clinic%20list.pdf 
Eastern Band of CherokeeEastern Band of Cherokee1-800-248-6967P.O. Box 1145
Cherokee, NC 28719
United States
http://cherokee-phhs.com/wic/ 
*Eastern ShoshoneEastern Shoshone WIC Program307-332-6733P.O. Box 999
Fort Washakie, WY 82514
United States
https://www.nwica.org/states/eastern-shoshone 
*Eight Northern Indian Pueblos CouncilEight Northern Indian Pueblos Council505-692-64001100 Paseo De Onate 
Suite B
Espanola, NM 87532
United States
https://www.nwica.org/states/eight-northern-pueblo 
Five Sandoval Indian PueblosFive Sandoval Indian Pueblos, Inc.505-771-53861043 Highway 313
Bernalillo, NM 87004
United States
https://www.fsipinc.org/wic-locations 
FloridaDepartment of Health850-245-42024052 Bald Cypress Way, Bin A16
Tallahassee, FL
32399-1726
United States
http://www.floridahealth.gov/programs-and-services/wic/contact-info.html 
GeorgiaDepartment of Public Health404-657-29002 Peachtree St. NW
Atlanta, GA 30303
United States
https://sendss.state.ga.us/sendss/!wicclinic.SCREEN 
GuamDepartment of Public Health & Social Services671-735-718015-6100 Mariner Ave.
Barrigada, GU
96913-1601
United States
http://dphss.guam.gov/woman-infants-infants-wic-program/ 
HawaiiDepartment of Health808-586-8175235 S. Beretania St.
Suite 701
Honolulu, HI
96813-2149
United States
https://health.hawaii.gov/wic/clinic-locations/ 
IdahoDepartment of Health and Welfare208-334-5948450 W. State St. 
First Floor
Boise, ID 83720
United States
https://publicdocuments.dhw.idaho.gov/WebLink/DocView.aspx?id=11997&dbid=0&repo=PUBLIC-DOCUMENTS&cr=1
IllinoisDepartment of Human Services217-782-2166815-823 E. Monroe
Springfield, IL 62701
United States
https://www.dhs.state.il.us/page.aspx?module=12&officetype=11&county= 
IndianaState Department of Health317-234-35132 N. Meridian St.
Fifth Floor
Indianapolis, IN 46204
United States
https://www.in.gov/isdh/20424.htm 
IowaDepartment of Public Health515-281-7095Lucas State Office Building 
321 E. 12th St.
Des Moines, IA
50319-0075
United States
http://iowa.maps.arcgis.com/apps/webappviewer/index.html?id=9fcdcdfdeaf4480fb925786d260fb2fe&shareWithWebMap=true 
*Indian Township PassamaquoddyIndian Township Passamaquoddy207-796-2322P.O. Box 97
Princeton, ME 04668
United States
https://www.nwica.org/states/passamaquoddy 
Inter-Tribal Council of ArizonaInter-Tribal Council of Arizona, Inc.602-258-48222214 N. Central Ave.
Suite 100
Phoenix, AZ 85004
United States
https://itcaonline.com/programs/wic-program/find-a-wic-clinic/ 
*Inter-Tribal Council of NevadaInter-Tribal Council of Nevada775-355-5210680 Greenbrae Drive 
Suite 222
Sparks, NV 89431
United States
https://www.nwica.org/states/itc-nevada 
*Inter-Tribal Council of OklahomaInter-Tribal Council of OK, Inc.918-919-4050P.O. Box 1308
Miami, OK 74355
United States
https://www.nwica.org/states/itc-oklahoma 
KansasDepartment of Health and Environment785-296-13201000 SW Jackson St.
Suite 220
Topeka, KS
66612-1274
United States
http://www.kansaswic.org/families/WIC_county_map.html 
KentuckyDepartment of Public Health502-564-3827275 E. Main St
HS2W-D
Frankfort, KY 40621
United States
https://chfs.ky.gov/agencies/dph/dmch/nsb/Pages/wic.aspx 
LouisianaDepartment of Health504-568-82291450 Poydras Street
New Orleans, LA 70112
United States
https://louisianawic.org/find/ 
MaineDepartment of Health and Human Services207-287-534211 State House Station
286 Water Street – Sixth Floor
Augusta, ME
04333-0011
United States
https://www.maine.gov/dhhs/mecdc/population-health/wic/applicants/where-do-I-apply.shtml 
MarylandDepartment of Health410-767-5242201 W. Preston St.
Baltimore, MD 21201
United States
https://phpa.health.maryland.gov/wic/Pages/wic-apply.aspx 
MassachusettsDepartment of Public Health617-624-6100250 Washington Street
Sixth Floor
Boston, MA
02108-4619
United States
https://www.mass.gov/orgs/women-infants-children-nutrition-program/locations?_page=1 
MichiganDepartment of Health and Human Services517-335-8951Lewis Cass Building
320 S. Walnut St., Sixth Floor
Lansing, MI
48933-2014
United States
https://www.michigan.gov/documents/mdhhs/WIC_Clinic_Locations_684528_7.pdf 
MinnesotaDepartment of Health1-800-657-394285 E. Seventh Place
Suite 220
St. Paul, MN
55164-0882
United States
https://www.health.state.mn.us/forms/cfh/wicdirectory/index.html 
MississippiState Department of Health601-991-6000805 S. Wheatley St.
Suite 400B
Ridgeland, MS 39157
United States
https://msdh.ms.gov/msdhsite/_static/19,0,166.html 
Mississippi Band of ChoctawMississippi Band of Chocktaw Indians601-389-4510210 Hospital Circle
Chocktaw, MS 39350
United States
https://www.choctaw.org/government/tribalServices/health/wic/index.html 
MissouriDepartment of Health and Senior Services573-751-6204930 Wildwood, Box 570
Jefferson City, MO 65102-0570
United States
https://health.mo.gov/living/families/wic/families/findalocation/
MontanaDepartment of Public Health and Human Services800-433-42981400 Broadway Cogswell Building C-305
P.O. Box 202951
Helena, MT
59620-2951
United States
http://signupwic.com 
Muscogee Creek NationMuscogee Creek Nation918-549-2790P.O. Box 580
Okmulgee, OK 74447
United States
https://www.mcn-nsn.gov/services/wic/ 
*Navajo NationNavajo Nation WIC Program928-871-6698P.O. Drawer 1390
Window Rock, AZ 86515
United States
https://www.nwica.org/states/navajo-nation 
NebraskaDepartment of Health and Human Services402-471-2781Lifespan Health Services, WIC/ CSFP
P.O. Box 95026
301 Centennial Mall South
Lincoln, NE
68509-5026
United States
http://dhhs.ne.gov/Pages/WIC.aspx 
NevadaDepartment of Health and Human Services775-684-59424126 Technology Way
Suite 102
Carson City, NV 89706
United States
http://nevadawic.org/for-families/closest-clinic/ 
New HampshireDepartment of Health and Human Services603-271-454629 Hazen Drive
Concord, NH
03301-6504
United States
https://www.dhhs.nh.gov/dphs/nhp/wic/offices.htm 
New JerseyDepartment of Health1-800-328-3838P.O. Box 364
Trenton, NJ 08625
United States
http://state.nj.us/health/fhs/wic/documents/Detailed%20list%20of%20WIC%20office%20addresses%20hours%20and%20contact%20info.pdf 
New MexicoDepartment of Health505-476-88012040 S. Pacheco St.
Santa Fe, NM
United States
https://www.nmwic.org/locations/ 
New YorkDepartment of Health518-402-7093150 Broadway, Floor 6W
Albany, NY
12204-2719
United States
https://www.health.ny.gov/prevention/nutrition/wic/local_agencies.htm 
North CarolinaDepartment of Health and Human Services919-707-58005601 Six Forks Road
Raleigh, NC 27609
United States
https://www.nutritionnc.com/wic/directory.htm 
North DakotaDepartment of Health1-800-472-2286600 E. Boulevard Ave.
Department 301
Bismarck, ND
58505-0200
United States
https://www.health.nd.gov/prevention/wic/how-do-i-apply-wic 
*Northern ArapahoNorthern Arapaho Tribal WIC Program307-857-2722P.O. Box 136
St. Stephens, WY 82524
United States
https://www.nwica.org/states/northern-arapaho 
OhioDepartment of Health614-728-6431246 N. High St.
Sixth Floor
Columbus, OH
43215-2406
United States
https://odh.ohio.gov/wps/wcm/connect/gov/59b49d9d-d0cb-470b-8e3b-61213d5b3f02/Ohio+WIC+Clinic+Locations+CURRENT.pdf?MOD=AJPERES&CONVERT_TO=url&CACHEID=ROOTWORKSPACE.Z18_M1HGGIK0N0JO00QO9DDDDM3000-59b49d9d-d0cb-470b-8e3b-61213d5b3f02-mZoq0V7 
OklahomaState Department of Health405-271-46762401 NW 23rd St.
Suite 70
Oklahoma City, OK 73107-2475
United States
https://www.ok.gov/health2/documents/WIC%20Clinic%20Sites%205-8-20.pdf 
*Omaha NationOmaha Nation WIC Program402-837-4527P.O. Box 368
Macy, NE 68039
United States
https://www.nwica.org/states/omaha-nation 
OregonOregon Health Authority971-673-0040
800 NE Oregon St.
Suite 865
Portland, OR 97232
United States
https://www.oregon.gov/oha/PH/HEALTHYPEOPLEFAMILIES/WIC/Pages/countyinfo.aspx 
Osage NationOsage Nation918-287-53681301 Grandview
Pawhuska, OK 74056
United States
https://www.osagenation-nsn.gov/what-we-do/women-infants-children-program 
Otoe-Missouria TribeOtoe-Missouria Tribe580-723-4466 xt. 1638151 Highway 177
Red Rock, OK 74651
United States
https://www.omtribe.org/what-we-do-women-infants-and-children-locations 
PennsylvaniaDepartment of Health1-800-942-9467625 Forster St. W
Seventh Floor 
Harrisburg, PA
17120-0701
United States
https://www.pawic.com/FindWICClinics.aspx 
Pleasant Point Passamaquoddy ReservationPleasant Point Passamaquoddy 207-853-0644P.O. Box 351
Perry, ME 04667
United States
http://www.wabanaki.com/wabanaki_new/W_I_C.html 
Pueblo of IsletaPueblo of Isleta505-869-98114 Sagebrush
Albuquerque, NM 87105
United States
https://www.isletapueblo.com/tribal-programs/wic-woman-infants-children/ 
*Pueblo of San FelipePueblo of San Felipe505-771-7200 ext. 154131 Hagen Road
P.O. Box 4339
San Felipe, NM 87001
United States
https://www.nwica.org/states/pueblo-san-felipe 
*Pueblo of ZuniPueblo of Zuni505-782-2929P.O. Box 339
Zuni, NM
87327-0339
United States
https://www.nwica.org/states/pueblo-zuni 
Puerto RicoDepartment of Health787-766-2805 ext. 5071P.O. Box 25220
San Juan, PR
00928-5220
United States
https://www.salud.gov.pr/CMS/48
Rhode IslandDepartment of Health401-222-14423 Capitol Hill
Room 302
Providence, RI
02908-5097
United States
https://health.ri.gov/find/wicagencies/ 
Rosebud SiouxRosebud Sioux Tribe605-747-2617308 Buffalo Lane Drive
P.O. Box 99
Rosebud, SD
57570-0099
United States
https://www.nwica.org/states/rosebud-sioux
Santee Sioux Nation*Santee Sioux Nation WIC Program402-857-2694Rural Route 2, Box 5194
Niobrara, NE 68760
United States
https://www.nwica.org/states/santee-sioux 
Santo DomingoSanto Domingo Tribe505-465-1321P.O. Box 370
Santo Domingo Pueblo, NM 87052
United States
http://santodomingotribe.org/women-infants-and-children/ 
South CarolinaDepartment of Health and Environmental Control1-800-922-44062600 Bull St.
Columbia, SC 29201
United States
https://www.scdhec.gov/health/health-public-health-clinics 
South DakotaDepartment of Health605-773-3361600 E. Capitol Ave.
Pierre, SD
57501-2536
United States
https://sdwic.org/locations/ 
*Standing Rock Sioux TribeStanding Rock Sioux Tribe701-854-7263P.O. Box 437
Fort Yates, ND
58538-0437
United States
https://www.nwica.org/states/standing-rock-tribe 
TennesseeDepartment of Health615-741-7218Andrew Johnson Tower
710 James Robertson Parkway, 8th Floor
Nashville, TN 37243
United States
https://www.tn.gov/health/health-program-areas/fhw/wic/redirect-wic/wic-clinics.html 
TexasHealth and Human Services512-341-4400P.O. Box 149347
Austin, TX 78714-9347
United States
https://find.texaswic.org/?wicType=Clinic 
Three Affiliated TribesThree Affiliated Tribes701-627-4642Fort Berthold Reservation
404 Frontage Road
New Town, ND 58763
United States
https://www.mhanation.com/wic-program 
U.S. Virgin IslandsVirgin Islands WIC Program340-718-1311 ext. 3148Charles Harwood Complex
Christiansted, VI 00820
United States
https://doh.vi.gov/programs/women-infants-and-children 
UtahState Department of Health1-877-942-5437P.O. Box 141013
Salt Lake City, UT 84114-1013
United States
https://wic.utah.gov/locations/ 
*Ute Mountain Ute TribeUte Mountain Ute Tribe970-564-5363Community Health Building
P.O. Box 168
Towaoc, CO 81334
United States
https://www.nwica.org/states/ute-tribe 
VermontDepartment of Health802-863-7333108 Cherry St.
P.O. Box 70
Burlington, VT
05402-0070
United States
https://www.healthvermont.gov/local 
VirginiaDepartment of Health804-864-7800109 Governor St., Ninth Floor
P.O. Box 2448
Richmond, VA 23218-2448
United States
https://www.vdh.virginia.gov/lenowisco/women-infants-and-children-wic-program/ 
WashingtonState Department of Health1-800-841-1410P.O. Box 47886
Olympia, WA
98504-7886
United States
https://resources.parenthelp123.org 
West VirginiaDepartment of Health and Human Resources304-558-0030350 Capitol St.
Room 519
Charleston, WV 25301-3717
United States
https://dhhr.wv.gov/WIC/Pages/Clinic-Search.aspx 
WCD TribesWCD Tribes405-247-2533 ext. 306P.O. Box 247300 Lenape Lane
Anadarko, OK 73005
United States
https://www.wcdwic.org/find-a-clinic/ 
WinnebagoWinnebago Tribe WIC Program402-878-2499P.O. Box 687
Winnebago, NE 68071
United States
http://www.winnebagotribe.com/index.php/services/administrative-programs/wic-woman-infant-child 
WisconsinDepartment of Health Services608-266-3821P.O. Box 2659
Madison, WI
53701-2659
United States
https://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/wic/wic-offices.htm#alpha 
WyomingDepartment of Health307-777-60266101 Yellowstone Road
Suite 420
Cheyenne, WY 82002
United States
https://health.wyo.gov/publichealth/wic/wic-clinic-locator/ 

WIC Program Eligibility Requirements

baby girl eating ice cream WIC Program Eligibility Requirements

To receive WIC benefits, you must meet all program criteria. Most requirements are instilled at the national level, which means all states, territories and tribes adhere to them when determining program eligibility. However, some vary slightly between state programs. 

Read the sections below to learn more about specific eligibility requirements and those that vary from location to location.

WIC Income Requirement

To qualify for WIC, your income must fall within specific limits. The program is meant to assist low-income individuals, so your state, territory or tribe will consider your annual income to determine if you are considered a low-income participant. 

WIC income limits are determined based on:

  • The number of family members in the household
  • The cost of living in your state, territory or tribe

Your income before taxes must be at or below 185 percent of the Federal Poverty Level (FPL).

Income Eligibility for the 48 Contiguous U.S. States, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands

The table below lists the current maximum income amounts based on the size of the household for the 48 contiguous states, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), Guam, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Household income is defined as the total amount of money earned by all income-earning members who reside in your home. These income guidelines are valid through June 30, 2023.

Yearly IncomeMonthly IncomeWeekly Income
Family of 1$25,142$2,096$484
Family of 2$33,874$2,823$652
Family of 3$42,606$3,551$820
Family of 4$51,338$4,279$988
Family of 5$60,070$5,006$1,156
Family of 6$68,802$5,734$1,324
Family of 7$77,534$6,462$1,492
Family of 8$86,266$7,189$1,659
For each additional member, add$8,732$728$168

Income Eligibility for Alaska and Hawaii

The table below lists the maximum income amounts based on the size of the household for Alaska and Hawaii.

Yearly IncomecolspanMonthly IncomecolspanWeekly Incomecolspan
AlaskaHawaiiAlaska HawaiiAlaska Hawaii
Family of 1$31,432$28,916$2,620$2,410$605$557
Family of 2$42,347$38,961$3,529$3,247$815$750
Family of 3$53,262$49,007$4,439$4,084$1,025$943
Family of 4$64,177$59,052$5,349$4,921$1,235$1,136
Family of 5$75,092$69,098$6,258$5,759$1,445$1,329
Family of 6$86,007$79,143$7,168$6,596$1,654$1,522
Family of 7$96,922$89,189$8,077$7,433$1,864$1,716
Family of 8$107,837$99,234$8,987$8,270$2,074$1,909
For each additional member, add$10,915$9,528$910$838$210$194

Age and Stage of Pregnancy Requirement

To obtain WIC benefits, women must meet one of three pregnancy criteria. Women may be eligible to receive WIC benefits in the following situations:

  • During pregnancy and up to six weeks after birth or end of pregnancy
  • For up to six months after birth or end of pregnancy
  • Until the infant reaches age 1 if they are breastfeeding

Children can only receive WIC benefits if they meet an age requirement. Children may be eligible to receive WIC benefits until they reach 5 years of age.

Residency Requirement

WIC applicants must reside in the state or territory in which they apply for benefits. There is not a certain period of time that they must live in the state before receiving WIC benefits. They can apply as soon as they establish residency. 

Applicants who live in an area with an Indian Tribal Organization (ITO) must meet the residency requirements established by the ITO. 

The WIC program recommends contacting your specific tribal council for eligibility information, as requirements vary between tribes. Refer to the table “WIC Contact Information by State, Territory and Tribe” in this guide for ITO contact information.

Nutrition Risk Requirement

All WIC program participants must be considered to be at nutritional risk. This determination can only be provided by a licensed healthcare professional, such as a doctor, nurse or nutritionist. To determine nutrition risk, the health professional performs a medical or nutrition assessment. 

The WIC program loosely defines nutrition risk as any nutritional conditions, medical conditions related to nutrition, dietary deficiencies or other health conditions that make individuals susceptible to malnourishment. The following are examples of qualifying conditions:

  • Anemia (low blood levels)
  • Being underweight 
  • Having a poor diet
  • A history of pregnancy complications
  • The advanced age of the mother

Each state, territory and tribe has the freedom to define the types of conditions acceptable to qualify for WIC benefits. The licensed health professional will determine if your condition(s) meets the state, territory or tribe’s nutrition risk criteria. 

The USDA has a WIC PreScreening tool that helps you determine if you may be eligible for the program. It is not an application for the program; the tool analyzes your information and determines if you may be a good candidate for WIC. To use the PreScreening tool, you must provide the following:

  • Personal information, including information about pregnant household members
  • The state, territory or tribe in which you live
  • Information about current enrollment in Medicaid, SNAP or TANF
  • The number of people who live in your household
  • Your household income

If you need assistance using the PreScreening tool, watch the help video on the WIC PreScreening tool webpage. Access the tool here: https://wic.fns.usda.gov/wps/pages/preScreenTool.xhtml 

WIC Application Process

mother cooking and children at table WIC Application Process

To receive WIC benefits, you must make an appointment with your state, territory or tribal WIC agency. At the appointment, a WIC coordinator will review your eligibility for the program and assist you with the application process. If you are approved, you will receive WIC benefits you can use to purchase supplemental foods for yourself or for your child.

When to Apply to WIC

Apply to the WIC program as soon as you believe you qualify for benefits. WIC serves women, infants and children at different stages. Refer to the section titled “Age and Stage of Pregnancy Requirement” to see if you fall into any of the described categories. 

WIC Certification Appointment

The WIC certification appointment is a mandatory screening in every state, territory and tribe’s WIC program. The appointment is the first step in applying for benefits and must take place at an approved local WIC agency. 

Each individual applying for benefits must attend the in-person appointment, including infants and children. Pregnant women applying for benefits can count each unborn child as an applicant. During the appointment, the WIC coordinator will verify program eligibility by analyzing the applicant’s information and documents. Continue reading the sections below to learn about the types of information and documents that are needed during the WIC appointment. 

Applicants will undergo a nutrition risk assessment to determine eligibility and the types of services for which they qualify. Local WIC agencies have competent professional authorities (CPAs) to perform these assessments. At your WIC appointment, you will meet with one of the following:

  • A doctor
  • A nurse
  • A dietician
  • A nutritionist
  • A physician’s assistant (PA)
  • Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN)

CPAs are trained to screen all WIC applicants to determine health areas that need improvement. They ask questions about the health of the entire family and measure all applicants’ height, weight and blood iron status. 

Upon completing their assessment, CPAs prescribe food packages based on the applicant’s needs, answer questions, provide nutrition education and act as a point of contact during the application process. For more information about WIC benefits and services, refer to the section “WIC Benefits” in this guide.

After the appointment, the applicant will be advised if they qualify for the WIC program. The coordinator will review with the applicant the types of services for which they qualify, provide a verification of certification (VOC) and issue a WIC electronic benefits transfer (EBT) card. 

The EBT card, which functions like a debit card for transactions, will be how benefits are provided to the recipient. For more information, refer to the section called “How WIC Benefits Are Distributed to Participants” in this guide. 

Once the applicant receives an EBT card loaded with benefits, they can use it to purchase necessary food and supplements.

Your EBT card will be replenished with food benefits at follow-up WIC appointments, which typically occur every two to three months. However, due to COVID-19 restrictions, in-person visits may not be offered by your local WIC agency. Refer to the section “WIC Contact Information by State, Territory and Tribe” for more information on how to get in contact with your local office. 

women chatting and looking at documents wic certification appointment

Information Needed for the WIC Appointment

To apply to the WIC program, you must make an application appointment with a local WIC agency. You will need to submit a variety of information during the appointment so that the WIC coordinator can verify your eligibility for the program.

Be prepared to provide the following information at your WIC appointment:

  • Identity information
    • You will need the full names, dates of birth and Social Security Numbers (SSNs) for all individuals in your household who are applying for WIC.
  • Income information
    • Provide income information for all individuals in your household for the last 30 days, even those who are not applying for WIC.
    • Include income from all sources, including a job, child support, alimony and unemployment.
  • Residency information
    • You must provide information about where you live.

Documents Needed for the WIC Appointment

You must bring all documents needed to verify the information you provide during the WIC appointment for everyone applying for benefits. The following documents are acceptable to confirm your information.

Documents Proving Identity – Provide ONE for Each Applicant

  • Current, valid driver’s license
  • Birth certificate 
  • Hospital record
  • Work or school ID
  • Military ID
  • Voter registration card
  • Crib card
  • Social Security card

Documents Proving IncomeYou may need one or a combination of the following:

  • Paycheck/pay stub
  • Bank statement
  • Tax return documents
  • Divorce decree or award letter (for child support income)
  • Employer verification letter
  • Unemployment benefit document

Documents Proving Residency

  • Current, valid driver’s license
  • Utility bill
  • Rent receipt
  • Mortgage/rent documents, such as a mortgage statement or a signed lease

How to Apply to WIC and Schedule an Appointment by State, Territory and Tribe

Review the sections below for information about applying to the WIC program in each state, territory or tribal nation. The first step in the application process is scheduling a WIC appointment at a local agency. It is during this appointment that you will submit information and documents to support your claim for WIC benefits.

The list below provides information on how to find a local WIC agency in your area.

Acoma, Canoncito and Laguna (ACL)

Schedule a WIC appointment by phone:

Call the ACL WIC program: (505) 552-6067

Alabama

Schedule a WIC appointment using the app, phone or email:

App

Download the free “Alabama WIC” app in your app store
https://apps.apple.com/us/app/alabama-wic/id1083172313

Toll-free number: 1-888-942-4673

Alaska

Schedule a WIC appointment in one of the following ways:

Phone

Call your local WIC office. Find one in your area here: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dpa/Pages/nutri/wic/participants/regional-clinics.aspx

Email

Complete an application and email it to your local WIC office:

American Samoa

Schedule a WIC appointment by phone:

  • Call the main clinic: (684) 633-2610
  • Call your local clinic:
    • Tau Clinic: (684) 677-6181
    • Pavai’a’i Clinic: (684) 688-7434
    • Tafuna Clinic: (684) 699-2600
    • Ofu Clinic: (684) 655-7550

Learn more at: https://aswic.com/how-to-apply/

Arizona

Schedule a WIC appointment by phone:

Use the WIC clinic finder tool here: http://clinicsearch.azbnp.gov

Toll-free number:
1-800-252-5942

Arkansas

Schedule a WIC appointment by phone or email:

Phone

Toll-free number: 1-800-462-0599

Call your local county Health Unit. Use the search tool here: https://www.healthy.arkansas.gov//local-health-units

California

Schedule a WIC appointment by phone:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://m.wic.ca.gov/Clinics/ClinicSearch.aspx

Toll-free number: 1-888-942-9675

Cherokee Nation

Schedule a WIC appointment by phone:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find the details here: https://health.cherokee.org/media/ox2hvfvu/wic-clinic-map.pdf

Toll-free number: 1-800-256-0671 ext. 5589

Cheyenne River Sioux

Schedule a WIC appointment by phone:

Toll-free number: 605-964-3947

Chickasaw Nation

Schedule a WIC appointment online or by phone:

Online
Phone

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://www.chickasaw.net/Services/WIC-Supplemental-Nutrition-Program.aspx

Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

Schedule a WIC appointment by phone:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://www.choctawnation.com/tribal-services/member-services/choctaw-nation-wic-program

Toll-free number: 1-580-920-2100 ext. 83517

Citizen Potawatomi Nation

Schedule a WIC appointment by phone:

Find a list of WIC clinic locations here: https://www.potawatomi.org/services/health/wic/

Main WIC Clinic Line: 405-273-3216

Colorado

Schedule a WIC appointment online or by phone:

Complete the online referral form for a WIC clinic to contact you: https://www.healthinformatics.dphe.state.co.us/WICSignUp

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://www.cdphe-wic.byf1.io/find-wic-clinic/

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI)

Schedule a WIC appointment:

CNMI WIC Clinic: (670) 664-4084

Connecticut

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://portal.ct.gov/DPH/WIC/Find-a-Local-Agency

Delaware

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://dhss.delaware.gov/dph/chca/files/wiccliniclocationsandhours.pdf

District of Columbia

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://www.dcwic.org/wic-locations

Main clinic line: 202-442-9397

Eastern Band of Cherokee

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Main line: 828-359-7297

Eastern Shoshone

Schedule a WIC appointment:

307-332-6733

Eight Northern Indian Pueblo Council

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Main line: 505-692-6400

Five Sandoval Indian Pueblos

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://www.fsipinc.org/wic-locations

Main clinic line: 505-771-5387

Florida

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: http://www.floridahealth.gov/programs-and-services/wic/contact-info.html

Toll-free number: 1-800-342-3556

Georgia

Schedule a WIC appointment online or by phone:

Online
Phone

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://sendss.state.ga.us/sendss/!wicclinic.SCREEN

Toll-free number: 404-651-5451

Guam

Schedule a WIC appointment by phone or email:

Phone

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: http://dphss.guam.gov/woman-infants-infants-wic-program/

Clinic main line: 671-475-0287

Hawaii

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://health.hawaii.gov/wic/clinic-locations/

Main clinic line: 808-586-8006

Idaho

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Main clinic line: 208-334-5951

Illinois

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://www.dhs.state.il.us/page.aspx?module=12&officetype=11&county=

Toll-free number: 1-800-323-4769

Indian Township Passamaquoddy Reservation

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Main clinic line: 207-796-2321

Indiana 

Schedule a WIC appointment by phone or email:

Phone

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://www.in.gov/isdh/20424.htm

Toll-free number: 1-800-522-0874

Inter-Tribal Council of Arizona

Schedule a WIC appointment by phone or online:

Phone

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://itcaonline.com/programs/wic-program/find-a-wic-clinic/

Online

Request an appointment online: https://itcaonline.com/request-an-appointment/

Inter-Tribal Council of Nevada

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Main line: 775-398-4960

Inter-Tribal Council of Oklahoma

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Main line: 918-919-4050

Iowa

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Main clinic line: 1-515-281-6650

Kansas

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: http://www.kansaswic.org/families/WIC_county_map.html

Main clinic line: 785-296-1324

Kentucky

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Main clinic line: 502-564-3827

Louisiana

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://louisianawic.org/about/using/

Main clinic line: 1-800-251-2229

Maine

Schedule a WIC appointment by phone or online:

Phone

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://www.maine.gov/dhhs/mecdc/population-health/wic/applicants/where-do-I-apply.shtml

Online

Complete the online form for a WIC clinic to contact you: https://www.maine.gov/dhhs/mecdc/population-health/wic/contact.shtml

Maryland

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://phpa.health.maryland.gov/wic/Pages/wic-apply.aspx

Massachusetts

Schedule a WIC appointment online or by phone:

Online
Phone

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://www.mass.gov/orgs/women-infants-children-nutrition-program/locations?_page=1

Michigan

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://www.michigan.gov/documents/mdhhs/WIC_Clinic_Locations_684528_7.pdf

Call to find your local WIC agency: 2-1-1

Minnesota

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://www.health.state.mn.us/forms/cfh/wicdirectory/

Toll-free number: 1-800-942-4030

Mississippi

Schedule a WIC appointment using the app or by phone:

Using the App

Download the app to find nearby WIC office locations: https://apps.apple.com/us/app/ms-wic/id1450413254 

Phone

Toll-free number: 1-800-545-6747

Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians

Schedule a WIC appointment:

  • Visit one of the following clinics to complete an application in person:
    • Choctaw Health Center/Women’s Wellness Center
    • Conehatta Clinic
    • Bogue Chitto Clinic
    • Red Water Clinic

Call the main line for appointment assistance: 601-389-4514

Missouri

Schedule a WIC appointment by phone or email:

Phone

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://health.mo.gov/living/families/wic/families/findalocation/

Toll-free number: 1-800-392-8209

Montana

Schedule a WIC appointment by phone or email:

Phone

Call your local WIC clinic. Use the office locator tool here: http://signupwic.com

Toll-free number: 1-800-433-4298

Muscogee Creek Nation

Schedule a WIC appointment online or by phone:

Online
Phone

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: http://www.mcn-nsn.gov/services/wic/

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call the main line: 928-871-6698

Nebraska

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: http://signupwic.com

Toll-free number: 1-800-942-1171

Nevada

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: http://nevadawic.org/for-families/closest-clinic/

Toll-free number: 1-800-863-8942

New Hampshire

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: http://signupwic.com

Toll-free number: 1-800-942-4321

New Jersey

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Toll-free number: 1-800-328-3838

New Mexico

Schedule a WIC appointment online or by phone:

Online

Complete the online form for a WIC office to contact you: https://www.nmwic.org/set-up-an-appointment/

Phone

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://www.nmwic.org/locations/

Toll-free number: 1-866-867-3124

New York

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://www.health.ny.gov/prevention/nutrition/wic/local_agencies.htm

Toll-free number: 1-800-522-5006

North Carolina

Schedule a WIC appointment online or by phone:

Online

Complete the online referral form for a WIC office to contact you: https://www.nutritionnc.com/wic/wic-referral.asp

Phone

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://www.nutritionnc.com/wic/directory.htm

Call toll-free to connect to a local office: 1-800-367-2229

North Dakota

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://www.health.nd.gov/prevention/wic/how-do-i-apply-wic

Call toll-free to connect to a local office: 1-800-472-2286

Northern Arapaho

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call the main line: 307-857-2722

Ohio

Schedule a WIC appointment by mail or phone:

Mail
Phone

Call toll-free to connect to a local office: 1-800-755-4769

Oklahoma

Schedule a WIC appointment online or by phone:

Online
Phone

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://www.ok.gov/health2/documents/WIC%20Clinic%20Sites%205-8-20.pdf

Call toll-free to connect to a local office: 1-888-655-2942

Omaha Nation

Schedule a WIC appointment by phone or email:

Phone

Call the main line: 402-837-4527

Oregon

Schedule a WIC appointment online or by phone:

Online
Phone

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://www.oregon.gov/oha/PH/HEALTHYPEOPLEFAMILIES/WIC/Pages/countyinfo.aspx

Toll-free number: 1-800-723-3638

Osage Nation

Schedule a WIC appointment online or by phone:

Call the main line: 1-800-460-1006

Otoe-Missouria Tribe

Schedule a WIC appointment by phone or email:

Phone

Call the main line: 1-844-729-5700

Pennsylvania

Schedule a WIC appointment online or by phone:

Online

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://www.pawic.com/OnlineApplication.aspx

Phone

Call toll-free to connect to a local office:1-800-942-9467

Pleasant Point Passamaquoddy

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call the main line: 207-853-5060

Pueblo of Isleta

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call the main line: (505) 869-2662

Pueblo of San Felipe

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call the main line: 505-771-7203

Pueblo of Zuni

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call the main line: 505-782-2929

Puerto Rico

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call the main line: 787-766-2805

Rhode Island

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://health.ri.gov/find/services/detail.php?id=44

Call toll-free to connect to a local office: 1-800-942-7434

Rosebud Sioux Tribe

Schedule a WIC appointment by phone or email:

Phone

Call the main line: 605-747-2617

Email

Santee Sioux Tribe

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call the main line: 402-857-2694

Santo Domingo Tribe

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call the main line: (505) 465-1321

South Carolina

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://scdhec.gov/health/health-public-health-clinics

Call toll-free to schedule: 1-855-472-3432

South Dakota

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://sdwic.org/locations/

Call toll-free to connect to a local office: 1-800-738-2301

Standing Rock Sioux Tribe

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call the main line: 701-854-7263

Tennessee

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call toll-free to connect to a local office: 1-800-342-5942

Texas

Schedule a WIC appointment online or by phone:

Online
Phone

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://find.texaswic.org/?wicType=Clinic

Call toll-free to connect to a local office: 1-800-942-3678

Three Affiliated Tribes

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call the main line: (701) 627-4642

U.S. Virgin Islands

Schedule a WIC appointment:Contact one of the following clinics in your area:

St. Croix

Beeston Hill: (340) 718-9157

Frederiksted: (340) 778-7799

St. Thomas

Roy L. Schneider Hospital: (340) 776-1770 ext. 5609

East End Tutu Park Mall: (340) 775-5922

St. John

Morris DeCastro Clinic: (340) 693-8186

Utah

Schedule a WIC appointment online or by phone:

Online
Phone

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://wic.utah.gov/locations/

Call toll-free to connect to a local office: 1-877-942-5437

Ute Mountain Ute Tribe

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call the main line: 970-564-5382

Vermont

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://www.healthvermont.gov/local

Call toll-free to connect to a local office: 1-800-649-4357

Virginia

Schedule a WIC appointment online or by phone:

Online
Phone

Call toll-free to connect to a local office: 1-888-942-3663

Washington

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://resources.parenthelp123.org

Call toll-free to connect to a local office:
1-800-322-2588

West Virginia

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://dhhr.wv.gov/WIC/pages/Clinic-Results.aspx

Call the main line to connect to a local office: 304-558-0030

Wichita, Caddo and Delaware (WCD) Tribes 

Schedule a WIC appointment online or by phone:

Online
Phone

Call toll-free: 1-800-492-3942

Winnebago

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call the main line: 402-878-2499

Wisconsin

Schedule a WIC appointment:

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/wic/wic-offices.htm

Call toll-free to connect to a local office:
1-800-722-2295

Wyoming

Schedule a WIC appointment online or by phone:

Online

Complete the online appointment request for a WIC office to contact you: https://wywicapply.health.wyo.gov/#/

Phone

Call your local WIC clinic. Find a list of locations here: https://health.wyo.gov/publichealth/wic/wic-clinic-locator/

Call toll-free to connect to a local office: 1-800-994-4769

WIC Denials and Appeals

woman on computer WIC Denials and Appeals

If your WIC application is denied, you have the right to file an appeal to determine if you were wrongly denied benefits. Follow the steps outlined in the sections below to appeal the decision.

Common Reasons for an Application Denial

If your WIC application is rejected, the WIC office is required to provide a reason for the denial. In most cases, you will be told about your denial during your first WIC appointment, during which the coordinator will explain the reason for the denial. 

Here are some common reasons why you can be denied WIC benefits:

  • Your income is too high.
  • Your children do not meet the age requirements.
  • You or your children do not have a nutritional risk as determined by a licensed health professional.
  • You do not meet residency requirements.
  • Your application is missing information.
  • Your application has incorrect information.
  • You failed to provide all necessary documents at your WIC appointment.
  • You did not attend your WIC appointment.
  • Your child applicant did not attend the WIC appointment with you.

When to File an Appeal

If you believe you qualify for WIC benefits despite being denied, file an appeal with your local WIC office. Appeals are suited for situations that can be easily corrected. The following scenarios should be followed with an appeal:

  • Your application has missing or incorrect information.
  • You forgot to provide necessary documents.
  • You missed your WIC appointment.
  • You or your child applicants were not determined to have a nutritional risk before but are at risk now.

How to File an Appeal

The appeal process can vary slightly in each state, territory or tribe. However, there is a standard procedure for starting the appeal process with your local WIC office. 

  1. Determine the reason for denial. The WIC coordinator will advise you why you do not qualify. 
  2. Make an oral request for a review with the local WIC coordinator. He or she will take another look at your documents and may reverse the decision without requesting guidance from the state, territory or tribal WIC agency.
  3. Request an appeal with the state, territory or tribal WIC agency. If the coordinator does not reverse the decision, request that he or she forward the case to the larger agency.
  4. Gather evidence. Depending on the reason for denial, you may need to provide additional documents to prove your eligibility. Refer to the section “Documents Needed for the WIC Appointment” for a list of documents you need to prove your eligibility during the application process.
  5. Prepare for a fair hearing. Depending on where you live, you may be entitled to a fair hearing, where you can provide evidence and witness testimony proving your eligibility for WIC. You can also hire legal representation. 
  6. Receive a final decision. If the decision is sustained and you are not approved to receive WIC benefits, you can apply for the program at a later time if your situation changes. You can also file a second appeal through a superior court in order to have a judge review the case and issue their decision. They may reverse the initial decision or confirm it.

To begin the appeal process, contact your local WIC agency and notify them of your desire to appeal. Refer to the section “WIC Contact Information by State, Territory and Tribe” for local contact information. 

WIC Waiting Periods

calendar WIC Waiting Periods

Some WIC applicants may experience a waiting period. This occurs when a local WIC office reaches its maximum caseload and cannot serve all eligible applicants. Those who are eligible for WIC benefits may be placed on a waiting list and categorized in a priority system. This system ensures the most at-risk participants are served first.

The WIC Priority System

The U.S. Department of Agriculture created a priority system to help fill vacancies on the waiting lists of local WIC offices. The system places the most nutritionally needy applicants toward the top so they can receive benefits as soon as possible. 

The list below explains the WIC priority system on a numerical scale, with 1 receiving highest priority.

  1. Pregnant women, breastfeeding women and infants who have a nutritional need due to a serious medical condition
  2. Infants up to 6 months of age whose mothers had serious medical complications and participated (or could have participated) in the WIC program
  3. Children with a nutritional need due to a serious medical condition
  4. Pregnant women, breastfeeding women and infants who are at risk due to dietary problems
  5. Children at nutritional risk due to dietary problems
  6. Non-breastfeeding postpartum women with any nutritional risk
  7. Individuals who are at nutritional risk due to homelessness or current participants who, without WIC foods, could continue to have dietary and/or medical problems

If you fall into one of the categories toward the bottom of the list and your local WIC agency is close to capacity, you may need to wait to receive WIC benefits.

WIC Benefits

mother and son in kitchen WIC Benefits

The WIC program provides three main categories of benefits to women, infants and children enrolled in the program. These are:

  1. Food Packages
  2. Nutrition Education
  3. Breastfeeding Support and Services

WIC Food Packages

WIC participants are given a specific food package category by their WIC agency. These packages are categorized by participant (either infant, child or woman), stage of pregnancy and by amount of breastfeeding. In each food package, participants are limited when it comes to the amount of food they may purchase each month. These limits are known as “monthly allowances.”

With their WIC benefits, participants can purchase WIC-approved foods from participating retailers in their location. Approved foods and food types vary by state, territory and location, but the USDA determines the food categories (i.e. juice, milk, infant cereal) that must be provided by WIC programs. This is to ensure that the primary goal of the program, to supply nutritious items meant to improve the health and wellbeing of program participants, is achieved. 

Infant Food Packages

There are three types of infant food packages available to babies 0-11 months of age. Each package is geared toward a specific population based on age, health status and whether the infant is formula-fed or breast-fed. Also, each package includes different types of food and supplements in varying amounts.

These are:

  • WIC formula 
  • Infant cereal
  • Fruit and vegetable-based baby food
  • Meat-based baby food

Food package I is for infants 0 through 5 months of age who do not have any food allergies or special medical conditions. 

Food package II is for infants 6 through 11 months of age who do not have any food allergies or special medical conditions. 

Food package III is for participants with special nutritional needs or qualifying medical conditions. It is available to WIC participants of all ages with medical documentation from a licensed health professional. Participants with the following conditions qualify for Food Package III:

  • Low birth weight
  • Prematurity 
  • Gastrointestinal disorders
  • Severe food allergies
  • Metabolic disorders
  • Malabsorption syndromes
  • Other medical conditions that impair digestion, ingestion or absorption 

States, territories and tribes determine which brands of foods within each category of each package are WIC approved. Refer to the section “WIC-Approved Foods” for WIC-approved foods in each location. 

The table below details all WIC food packages for infants and the maximum monthly allowances for each type of food. 

The monthly allowance of each type of food and supplement is explained in fluid ounces (fl oz) or ounces (oz). State, territory and tribal agencies “round up” to the next whole container size to make it easier to receive the full nutrition benefit. This means that if the number of containers to be issued to a WIC participant does not result in a whole number, the WIC agency must round up to the next whole container.

“Reconstituted liquid concentrate” is a type of formula that, after adding water, is in liquid form. It is different from powdered formula.

Fully Formula FedcolspanMostly BreastfedcolspanFully Breastfedcolspan
FoodsFood Packages
I and III

A: 0-3 months

B: 4-5 months

Food Packages
II and III

6-11 months

Food Packages
I and III

A: 0 to 1 month

B: 1-3 months

C: 4-5 months

Food Packages
II and III

6-11 months

Food Package I

0-5 months

Food Package II

6-11 months

WIC FormulaA: 806 fl oz reconstituted liquid concentrate

B: 884 fl oz reconstituted liquid concentrate
624 fl oz reconstituted liquid concentrateA: 1 can powder

B: 364 fl oz reconstituted liquid concentrate

C: 442 fl oz reconstituted liquid concentrate
312 fl oz reconstituted liquid concentrate
Infant cereal24 oz24 oz24 oz
Fruit and vegetable-based food128 oz128 oz256 oz
Meat-based food77.5 oz

To help calculate formula amounts, the USDA created a helpful WIC Infant Formula Calculator. Simply enter the brand name, formula type (reconstituted liquid concentrate, powder or ready-to-eat), container size in ounces and reconstituted fluid ounce yield. Then, choose the method of issuance (round-up, maximum monthly allowance or both). 

The web tool will then calculate the total number of containers available per food package type. 

Access the Infant Formula Calculator here: https://wicworks.fns.usda.gov/resources/wic-infant-formula-calculator-instructions 

Minimum Requirements for Infant Food

While each individual state, territory and tribal WIC agency is ultimately responsible for choosing the specific types of food in each category, they must adhere to minimum requirements set by the FDA. 

The table below outlines the minimum requirements for WIC formula, infant cereal, fruit and vegetable-based baby food and meat-based baby food.

Food CategoriesMinimum requirements 
WIC Formula– Must meet the FDA’s definition of infant formula, which requires it to be used solely as a food for infants by simulation of human milk. 
– Must be designed for digestion via oral (mouth) or tube feeding.
– Must provide at least 10 mg of iron per liter.
– Must not require the addition of any ingredients other than water before being served in a liquid state
Infant CerealMust contain at least 45 mg of iron per 100 g of cereal.
Infant Fruits and VegetablesSingle-ingredient fruits and vegetables cannot contain added sugars, starches or salt. The first ingredient on the label must be the fruit or vegetable.
Infant MeatAny variety of meat or poultry without added sugars or starches.
Infant Formula Rebate System

The Infant Formula Rebate System allows state, territory and tribal WIC programs to receive a partial refund for each can of infant formula purchased by WIC participants. WIC agencies encourage breastfeeding, but women who choose to bottle feed their babies are eligible to purchase formula with WIC funds, as described above. 

WIC agencies that do participate in this system have rebate contracts with a single formula company, which means program participants can only purchase formula from this specific company. In return, the WIC agency receives a partial refund, also known as a rebate, for each can of formula that is sold. The savings garnered by this system allows the program to serve more women and children. 

All 50 states except Vermont and Mississippi are required to bid on contracts with a formula provider to participate in this system. Vermont has a home delivery system for formula, and Mississippi uses a direct distribution system, which is why these states do not bid on contracts under this system. Additionally, some territory and tribal WIC agencies serve too few individuals and therefore are not required to bid.

mother feeding bottle to baby Infant Formula Rebate System

Food Packages for Children

There is one food package available for children ages 1 through 4 who do not have special nutrition needs or qualifying medical conditions. It contains a variety of food and drinks in specific monthly allowances. States, territories and tribes determine which brands of foods are available in each category within each package. Refer to the section “WIC-Approved Foods” in this guide for WIC-approved foods in each location.

The table below includes information about Food Package IV (for children 1 through 4), including the types of food categories and monthly allowances.

FoodsFood Package IV (Children 1-4)
Juice128 fl oz
Milk16 qt 
Breakfast cereal36 oz
Eggs1 dozen
Fresh fruits and vegetables$8 in cash-value vouchers
Whole wheat/whole grain bread2 lbs
Dry legumes and/or peanut butter1 lb or 18 oz

Food Packages for Women

There are three food packages available to women without special nutritional needs or medical conditions. Each package is designed for women who are pregnant, postpartum or breastfeeding. States, territories and tribes determine which brands of foods are available in each category within each package. Refer to the section “WIC-Approved Foods” to learn about WIC-approved foods in each location.

Food package V is for pregnant women and women who are mostly breastfeeding their infants for up to one year after giving birth (also known as one year postpartum). 

Food package VI is available to postpartum women for up to six months. 

Food package VII is for women who are fully breastfeeding for up to one year postpartum. 

The table below includes information about all three food packages available to women through the WIC program. The monthly allowances are measured in fluid ounces (fl oz), ounces (oz), quarts (qt) or pounds (lb). 

FoodsFood Package VFood Package VIFood Package VII
Juice144 fl oz96 fl oz144 fl oz
Milk22 qt16 qt24 qt
Breakfast cereal36 oz36 oz36 oz
CheeseN/AN/A1 lb
Eggs1 dozen1 dozen2 dozen
Fresh fruits and vegetables$10 in cash-value vouchers$10 in cash-value vouchers$10 in cash-value vouchers
Whole wheat/whole grain bread1 lbN/A1 lb
Canned fishN/AN/A30 oz
Dry legumes and/or peanut butter1 lb and 18 oz1 lb or 18 oz1 lb and 18 oz

WIC Approved Foods

The USDA creates food packages for infants, children and women and determines monthly allowances for each type of food, but local agencies in each state, territory and tribe are responsible for creating a WIC-approved food guide that contains specific brands available through their programs. 

WIC agencies provide multiple options within each food category, allowing participants to choose from a list of approved brands. Each state, territory and tribe also determines which items may be swapped and which items may not be substituted. For example, if an approved food brand is unavailable due to limited or low quantity, locations can approve substitutes for WIC participants.

The table below includes a link to each state, territory and tribal WIC agency’s approved food list or pamphlet. 

WIC AgencyLink to Approved Foods
Acoma, Canoncito & Laguna Tribes https://aclwic.org/food-package 
Alabama https://www.alabamapublichealth.gov/wic/assets/fy22.brochure_eng.pdf
Alaska http://dhss.alaska.gov/dpa/Documents/dpa/programs/Nutrition/WIC/Retailers/2020-WIC-Food-List.pdf 
American Samoa https://aswic.com/supplemental-foods/ 
Arizona https://www.azdhs.gov/prevention/azwic/families/index.php#wic-foods-home 
Arkansas https://www.healthy.arkansas.gov/images/uploads/pdf/Food_List_Smaller_Size_(English)_2021.pdf
California https://m.wic.ca.gov/WAFL/WAFL.aspx 
Cherokee Nation  https://health.cherokee.org/media/psph05hy/sebtc-food-list-fy2021-v392021.pdf
Cheyenne River Sioux
Chickasaw Nation https://www.chickasaw.net/getattachment/f08b378d-1448-4b0a-8943-5ad6e7c7f278/Oklahoma-Unified-WIC-Approved-Food-Card.aspx
Chocktaw Nation of Oklahoma https://www.chickasaw.net/getattachment/f08b378d-1448-4b0a-8943-5ad6e7c7f278/Oklahoma-Unified-WIC-Approved-Food-Card.aspx 
Citizen Potawatomi Nation https://www.chickasaw.net/getattachment/f08b378d-1448-4b0a-8943-5ad6e7c7f278/Oklahoma-Unified-WIC-Approved-Food-Card.aspx
Colorado https://drive.google.com/file/d/1MwLQqTjLNFZTWtSruEzlCST8fLJUK5Py/view
Commonwealth Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) *
Connecticut https://portal.ct.gov/-/media/Departments-and-Agencies/DPH/dph/WIC-2018/Food-Guides-2021/ConnecticutWIC_FoodGuide-2021.pdf
Delaware https://dhss.delaware.gov/dhss/dph/chca/files/wicfoodbrochure3.pdf 
District of Columbia https://dchealth.dc.gov/sites/default/files/dc/sites/doh/DC%20WIC%20Authorized%20Food%20List.pdf 
Eastern Band of Cherokee https://phhs.ebci-nsn.gov/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/NC-WIC-ProgramShoppingGuide-English-2020.pdf
Eastern Shoshone *
Eight Northern Indian Pueblo Council *
Five Sandoval Indian Pueblos *
Florida http://www.floridahealth.gov/programs-and-services/wic/_documents/fl-wic-foods-eng.pdf 
Georgia https://dph.georgia.gov/WIC/wic-approved-foods-list 
Guam http://dphss.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/Guam-eWIC-Shopping-Guide-08May2020.pdf 
Hawaii https://health.hawaii.gov/wic/files/2019/10/WIC-FoodList-2019-Final-Spread-R1version.pdf 
Idaho https://phd3.idaho.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/combined-food-lists-16.pdf 
Illinois https://www.dhs.state.il.us/OneNetLibrary/27894/documents/New_WIC_Page/4870_WIC_Food_List_FINAL_EBT.pdf
Indiana https://www.in.gov/isdh/files/2017-in-wic-food-card.pdf 
Iowa https://idph.iowa.gov/Portals/1/userfiles/184/235_20_Approved%20Food%20List%207_1_2021%20Final.pdf 
Indian Township Passamaquoddy *
Inter-Tribal Council of Arizona https://itcaonline.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/WIC-PARTICIPANT-BOOK-182-2016-ENG-8-2016.pdf 
Inter-Tribal Council of Nevada *
Inter-Tribal Council of Oklahoma https://www.mcn-nsn.gov/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/FFY2020-Oklahoma-Unified-WIC-Approved-Food-Card.pdf 
Kansas http://www.kansaswic.org/WIC_approved_foods/ 
Kentucky https://ebtshopper.com/wic-eligible-foods/kentucky-wic-food-guide-english/ 
Louisiana http://ldh.la.gov/assets/oph/nutrition/WIC/FoodBrochure.pdf 
Maine https://www.maine.gov/dhhs/mecdc/population-health/wic/documents/Participant-Pages-rv2.pdf 
Maryland https://health.maryland.gov/phpa/wic/Documents/certification/AG_WIC_AFL2021_TNT_FINAL_compressed.pdf 
Massachusetts https://www.mass.gov/doc/wic-food-guide/download 
Michigan https://www.michigan.gov/documents/mdch/Food_Guide_FINAL_English_437204_7.pdf 
Minnesota https://www.health.state.mn.us/docs/people/wic/vendor/fpchng/shopguide.pdf 
Mississippi To view the list, download the WIC App for Apple: https://apps.apple.com/us/app/ms-wic/id1450413254 or Android: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=io.wic.mdh 
Mississippi Band of Choctaw *
Missouri https://health.mo.gov/living/families/wic/pdf/MissouriWICApprovedFoodList2018.pdf 
Montana https://dphhs.mt.gov/assets/ecfsd/WIC/WICHome/ApprovedFoodList.pdf 
Muscogee Creek Nation https://www.mcn-nsn.gov/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/FFY2020-Oklahoma-Unified-WIC-Approved-Food-Card.pdf 
Navajo Nation *
Nebraska http://dhhs.ne.gov/WIC%20Documents/WIC%20Food%20List%20and%20Shopping%20Guide%20English.pdf 
Nevada https://nevadawic.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/19NWIC001_Shopping_Guide_11-2019_Update_English_WEB_FINAL.pdf
New Hampshire https://www.dhhs.nh.gov/dphs/nhp/wic/foods.htm#approved
New Jersey https://www.state.nj.us/health/fhs/wic/documents/2020_foodlist_en.pdf 
New Mexico https://www.nmwic.org/shopping-with-wic/nm-wic-food-packages/ 
New York https://www.health.ny.gov/publications/4099.pdf
North Carolina https://www.nutritionnc.com/ewic/docs/NC-WIC-ProgramShoppingGuide-English-2020.pdf
North Dakota https://www.health.nd.gov/sites/www/files/documents/Files/HSC/FHN/WIC/2021-WIC_Food_List_English.pdf
Northern Arapaho *
Ohio https://odh.ohio.gov/wps/portal/gov/odh/know-our-programs/women-infants-children/media/wic-authorized-foods-list 
Oklahoma https://www.ok.gov/health2/documents/FFY2018%20Oklahoma%20Unified%20WIC%20Approved%20Food%20Card.pdf 
Omaha Nation *
Oregon https://www.oregon.gov/oha/PH/HEALTHYPEOPLEFAMILIES/WIC/Documents/1001-food-list-engl-2021.pdf
Osage Nation https://www.mcn-nsn.gov/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/FFY2020-Oklahoma-Unified-WIC-Approved-Food-Card.pdf 
Otoe-Missouria Tribe https://www.mcn-nsn.gov/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/FFY2020-Oklahoma-Unified-WIC-Approved-Food-Card.pdf 
Pennsylvania https://www.pawic.com/documents/Food%20List%20English.pdf 
Pleasant Point Passamaquoddy Reservation *
Pueblo of Isleta https://www.isletapueblo.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/WIC-IsletaTemporarilyApprovedList-041520.pdf 
Pueblo of San Felipe *
Pueblo of Zuni *
Puerto Rico *
Rhode Island https://health.ri.gov/publications/guides/WICCashiersFoodGuide.pdf
Rosebud Sioux https://342fa92b-3920-460e-92ae-469e6fc5e5f0.filesusr.com/ugd/a62f12_d66c101eae0b47b2b9099f1c8d812914.pdf 
Santee Sioux Nation *
Santo Domingo http://santodomingotribe.org/women-infants-and-children/ 
South Carolina https://scdhec.gov/sites/default/files/Library/ML-025486.pdf 
South Dakota https://sdwic.org/wp-content/uploads/sdwic-approved-food-guide-all-12-03-2021_0604pm.pdf
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe *
Tennessee https://www.tn.gov/content/dam/tn/health/program-areas/wic/TNWIC_FoodGuide_English.pdf
Texas https://texaswic.org/sites/default/files/inline-files/wic-34-texas-wic-shopping-guide-brochure2020_1.pdf
Three Affiliated Tribes *
U.S. Virgin Islands *
Utah https://wic.utah.gov/wp-content/uploads/sites/30/2021/10/WIC-Authorized-Food-Booklet.pdf
Ute Mountain Ute Tribe *
Vermont https://www.healthvermont.gov/sites/default/files/documents/pdf/cyf_WIC_VT-WIC-Foods-2019-2021.pdf
Virginia https://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/43/2017/02/WIC-Food-List-2020-ENGLISH2020WEB-1.pdf
Washington https://www.doh.wa.gov/YouandYourFamily/WIC/WICFoods
West Virginia https://dhhr.wv.gov/WIC/Documents/2020_Foodbooklet_for_web%209.23.20.pdf
WCD Tribes https://wcdwic.org/wp-content/uploads/FFY2020-Oklahoma-Unified-WIC-Approved-Food-Card.pdf 
Winnebago https://www.co.winnebago.wi.us/sites/default/files/uploaded-files/WIC_Approved_Foods_Booklet_11_1_10.pdf 
Wisconsin https://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/publications/p4/p44578.pdf 
Wyoming https://health.wyo.gov/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/WIC_2021-03_FoodShoppingGuide_Eng-v3c-1.pdf

Nutrition Education

The WIC program provides nutrition education to all participants. The goal of this service is to initiate a change in diet and lifestyle to promote a lifelong maintenance of health and wellness. Program participants receive specific education and services based on their individual needs. These are determined in the participant’s first WIC appointment. For more information about the appointment process, refer to the section “WIC Certification Appointment” in this guide.

Depending on their needs, WIC program participants are given tips on how to eat healthy, instill good habits in their children and participate in an active lifestyle. During instruction, they can learn how to cook, prepare meals and how to shop for healthy food at the grocery store. 

Nutrition education is provided at least twice per every six month period. Participants receive this at agencies and community centers in their area. Depending on the participant’s preferences and nutritional needs, it can be given in the following methods:

  • Face-to-face instruction (in group or individual settings)
  • Online 
  • Over-the-phone

WIC coordinators work with participants to determine the best format of nutrition education. Some participants may prefer learning in a classroom setting, while others prefer learning through online materials. The format of education is determined at the first WIC appointment, but may be changed at any time if either the participant or the coordinator feel it is not effective.

In addition to the above, WIC programs provide reinforcements and take-home materials to further help participants gain the most out of the program. Depending on the WIC agency, participants receive the following reinforcements during their time in the program:

  • Pamphlets 
  • Brochures
  • Videos
  • Slideshows 

A follow-up assessment helps WIC coordinators determine if the nutrition education has been effective. State, territory and tribal WIC programs are required to provide an educational service for each participant at least twice for every six month period. Reinforcement materials listed above do not count as a service alone; they must be provided alongside a face-to-face, online or phone service. 

During each nutrition education service, program participants are encouraged to engage in discussions and ask questions. If the education has been ineffective, the WIC coordinator will recommend a change in the type or method of instruction. 

Breastfeeding Support and Services

Breastfeeding support is available to pregnant women and those who are breastfeeding. The USDA promotes different services in the four stages of breastfeeding.

Stage 1: Learn

In this stage, women are either preparing for or considering starting breastfeeding. They will learn about the entire process, including some common challenges they may face and how to overcome them. WIC agencies provide instruction on the following topics:

  • The benefits of breastfeeding
  • When to nurse and how long to nurse for
  • Breastfeeding supplies
  • How breast milk is made
  • How to pump
  • Breastfeeding rights (i.e. where and when you can pump)

Stage 2: Start

The next stage is the beginning of breastfeeding, which usually begins immediately after the birth of the infant. Women in this stage receive guidance and tips on the following topics:

  • How to tell if the infant latches onto the nipple
  • Common breastfeeding hold positions (Cradle, cross-cradle and side-lying)
  • Treating sore nipples
  • Storing and thawing excess breast milk 
  • Phases of breast milk
  • How often to nurse

Stage 3: Overcome

In this stage, women learn how to overcome common breastfeeding challenges and connect to a community who may be going through similar struggles. They receive support for the following topics and/or issues:

  • Cluster feeding and growth spurts
  • Breastfeeding a teething baby
  • Plugged ducts, mastitis and thrush
  • Concerns about low milk supply
  • Going back to work or school while breastfeeding

Stage 4: Thrive

Women in this stage are comfortable with breastfeeding and may wish to share their successes with women currently in the other stages. WIC agencies provide a platform for mothers who are interested in helping support the previous three stages. 

Women can choose to become peer counselors in their area, offering guidance and an additional point of contact for others. Refer the section “WIC Contact Information by State, Territory and Tribe” to find your WIC agency’s contact information if you are interested in learning how to become a WIC counselor. 

How WIC Benefits are Distributed to Participants

woman feeding baby wic benefits

Most WIC participants across the country receive their benefits through an electronic benefits transfer (EBT) card. An EBT card is similar to a debit card. This system replaces paper vouchers and allows participants to check their balance online. 

The WIC program is in the midst of a complete transition to EBT cards in each location. Most states, territories and tribes are fully EBT-operational, while others are still in the implementation or pilot stages. The sections below outline the phases of each location and include information about estimated dates of shifting to the next phase. 

The following areas are in the implementation phase. These locations still have a paper voucher system, but are slowly transitioning to EBT cards:

  • ACL – Acoma, Canoncito, and Laguna
  • Eight Northern Indian Pueblos
  • Five Sandoval Indian Pueblos
  • Indian Township Passamaquoddy
  • Pleasant Point Passamaquoddy
  • Pueblo of Zuni
  •  

Only New Jersey, Georgia and Puerto Rico remain in the pilot phase, which means it is almost fully EBT-operational.

The remaining states, territories and tribes have a statewide EBT system for all WIC participants. 

How do WIC EBT cards work?

Once you are accepted into the program, you will receive an EBT card loaded with your WIC food benefits. If you have multiple family members approved for the WIC program, all their food benefits will be loaded onto the same card. You can use your EBT card at participating stores and retailers just like a regular debit card with a personal identification number (PIN). 

You do not need to purchase all your food benefits at once. If you have any benefits left on the EBT card after making a trip to a participating retailer, the receipt will display your remaining balance. However, in most states, any remaining balance you have left on the card will expire on the ending date, which is usually the last day of the month.

For most WIC participants, the EBT card will be automatically replenished with food benefits each month they remain eligible. Many states have WIC apps that allow participants to see the remaining balance of food benefits they have left. 

How do I replace a lost EBT card?

If your EBT card is lost, stolen or damaged, you must replace it to continue purchasing food with WIC benefits. Your WIC benefits are issued by your local WIC clinic, so you must begin the replacement procedure with your agency. Refer to the section “WIC Contact Information by State, Territory and Tribe” for a list of contact information in each state, territory and tribe. 

When you contact your local WIC agency, they will immediately shut off your EBT card to prevent others from using it on your behalf. If you find your misplaced card after it is shut off, you cannot reactivate it or use it. You need to get a new card to continue using your benefits.

To receive a new EBT card, you will need to make an appointment with your local clinic. A WIC coordinator must verify your identity to protect against fraud, so you may need to bring all of the the following to your appointment:

  • A driver’s license or state-issued form of ID
  • A school ID card
  • A previous WIC balance statement 
  • WIC receipts 
  • Your WIC approval letter 

Depending on when your card goes missing, you may not be able to save any unused benefits that were left on the EBT card. If you lose your card at the end of the month and receive a replacement card in the next month, it will not carry over the unused benefits. Each state, territory and tribal WIC agency may have slightly different rules regarding replacement cards, so the WIC program recommends contacting your local clinic for specific card issues. Find a list of WIC contact information in the section “WIC Contact Information by State, Territory and Tribe”

How long can I receive WIC benefits?

Your WIC benefits remain valid for a specific amount of time, which varies depending on your child’s age or your stage of pregnancy or breastfeeding. Infants and children are eligible from birth to age 5. 

The table below includes information about how long women can receive WIC benefits.

Stage of Pregnancy/BreastfeedingBenefits Remain Valid For:
During pregnancy6 weeks after birth
Postpartum, not breastfeeding 6 months after birth
Postpartum, mostly breastfeeding1 year after birth
Postpartum, fully breastfeeding1 year after birth

WIC Extensions and Waivers

State, territory and tribal WIC agencies may grant special waivers or extensions of benefits in times of crises and national emergencies, including the COVID-19 pandemic. The following waivers are available from the USDA:

Extended Benefits Issuance Waivers

WIC agencies can issue up to four months of WIC benefits on EBT cards at one time. This reduces the need for physical contact with WIC employees.

Physical Presence Waivers

WIC agencies that approve this waiver eliminate the need for participants to visit a clinic in person when enrolling or re-enrolling in the program.

Remote Benefit Issuance Waivers

WIC agencies that approve this waiver can issue benefits remotely so that participants do not have to pick up their benefits in person.

Food Package Substitution Waivers

WIC agencies can choose to substitute certain food package items when availability is limited. They are also allowed to alter their approved-foods lists as needed.

Minimum Stocking Requirements Waivers

These waivers help address supply challenges at retailers that accept WIC benefits. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, stores are limited in the quantity and variety of food they can stock. Stores located in areas that have minimum stocking requirements would be further burdened by this requirement. As a response, the USDA offers a waiver for these retailers so they are not met with fines for failing to meet minimum requirements.

Transferring WIC Benefits

If you plan to move or relocate to another state, you can still keep your WIC benefits during your move. The steps below outline the process of transferring your WIC benefits to another state.

  1. Notify your current local WIC office. You must complete a transfer of benefits form at the WIC office by notifying them of your intent to move to another state.
  2. Keep a copy of your WIC transfer form. You will need to provide this form to your new WIC office after you move. If you do not have this transfer form, you can request your old office to fax your verification of certification (VOC) to your new office. This form verifies that you were approved for WIC benefits and received them in your previous state.
  3. Schedule a WIC appointment in your new area. You will meet with a WIC coordinator to determine the benefits or services you can receive in your new state.
  4. Receive a new WIC EBT card. You will receive this during your appointment. 
  5. Purchase WIC-approved foods at approved retailers in your new state.

If you are moving to another area within your current state, the process of transferring your benefits is simple. As long as you have valid WIC benefits and are due to receive more, you can use them at any authorized retail location across your state. 

Notify your current WIC office that you are relocating to another area and wish to visit a local WIC office. Your current WIC office will help you locate your closest office and transfer your WIC certification documents to your new office. You can find your closest clinic by using the section “WIC Contact Information by State, Territory and Tribe.”

The WIC Farmers’ Market Nutrition Program (FMNP)

mother and daughter with plants The WIC Farmers' Market Nutrition Program (FMNP) 

The Farmers’ Market Nutrition Program (FMNP) provides coupons to WIC participants to use at farmers’ markets and produce stands approved by the USDA. These coupons are issued in addition to standard food benefits. The primary goal of the program is to provide locally grown fresh produce to WIC participants while raising awareness about local farms and farm stands.

There is a $10 minimum and $30 maximum coupon amount throughout the country per summer growing season. Some states, territories and tribes may have a lower limit, but per USDA rules, participants cannot get less than $10 or more than $30 total.

FMNP currently operates in 49 state agencies, Washington DC, Guam, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands and several tribal nations.

Each state, territory and tribe with an operating FMNP has several USDA-approved farmers’ markets and produce stands in the area, which are listed in their local program’s food guide. 

The table below includes the list of areas that have a Farmers’ Market Nutrition Program and the link to that location’s main FMNP webpage for more information. 

State, Territory or Tribal NationFarmers’ Market Nutrition Program Main PagePhone Number
Alabama http://www.fma.alabama.gov/Sweet_Grown.aspx 334-240-7247
Alaska http://dhss.alaska.gov/dpa/Pages/nutri/fmnp/default.aspx 907-465-3100
Arizona https://www.azdhs.gov/prevention/azwic/farmers-markets/index.php 833-836-8253
Arkansas https://www.healthy.arkansas.gov/programs-services/topics/farmers-market-nutrition-program 501-661-2508
Californiahttps://www.cdph.ca.gov/Programs/CFH/DWICSN/Pages/FarmersMarkets.aspx 916-928-8513
Chickasaw Nationhttps://www.chickasaw.net/Services/Health-Wellness/Farmers’-Market-Programs.aspx 580-436-7255
Choctaw Nation*580-920-2100 ext. 83517
Connecticuthttps://portal.ct.gov/DOAG/ADaRC/ADaRC/WIC-and-Senior-Farmers-Market-Nutrition-Program 860-713-2503
Delawarehttps://www.dhss.delaware.gov/dhss/dph/chca/files/farmersmarketflyer.pdf 302-741-2900
District of Columbiahttp://dchealth.dc.gov/page/farmers-market-nutrition-program 202-535-2993
Five Sandoval Indian Pueblos*505-771-5386
Floridahttps://www.fdacs.gov/Food-Nutrition/Nutrition-Programs/WIC-Farmers-Market-Nutrition-Program 850-617-7164
Georgiahttps://dph.georgia.gov/farmers-market 800-228-9173 
Guamhttp://dphss.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/Appendix-F-2019-FMNP-Participants-Rights-and-Responsibilites-Brochure-7-8-19.pdf 671-475-0287
Illinoishttps://www.dhs.state.il.us/page.aspx?item=38054 217-782-2166
Indianahttps://www.in.gov/isdh/24776.htm 800-522-087
Iowahttps://iowaagriculture.gov/agricultural-diversification-market-development-bureau/farmers-market-nutrition-program 515-281-6650
Kentucky*502-564-3827
Louisianahttp://www.ldaf.state.la.us/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/Farmers-Markets-2020.pdf 800-251-2229
Mainehttps://www11.maine.gov/dhhs/mecdc/population-health/wic/documents/Farmer/WICFarmerBrochure.pdf 207-287-3991
Marylandhttps://mda.state.md.us/maryland_products/Documents/Brief-Overview-FMNP-Program.pdf 800-242-4942
Massachusettshttps://www.mass.gov/farmers-market-nutrition-program 800-942-1007
Michiganhttps://www.michigan.gov/mdhhs/0,5885,7-339-71547_4910_4921—,00.html 517-335-8625
Minnesotahttps://www.mda.state.mn.us/food-feed/information-wic-participants 651-201-6494
Mississippihttps://www.mdac.ms.gov/agency-info/programs/mississippi-farmers-market-nutrition-program/ 601-359-1100
Mississippi Band of Choctawhttps://www.choctaw.org/government/tribalServices/health/wic/farmersMarket.html 601-656-2211
Nebraskahttps://ourbesttoyou.nebraska.gov/programs.html 402-471-6857
Nevadahttps://nevadawic.org/about/other-services/wic-farmers-market/ 800-863-8942
New Hampshirehttps://www.agriculture.nh.gov/publications-forms/documents/farmers-market-directory.pdf603-560-0571
New Jerseyhttps://www.nj.gov/agriculture/divisions/md/prog/wic.html 609-292-9560
New Mexicohttps://farmersmarketsnm.org/resources/food-access/wic-fmnp/ 866-867-3124
New Yorkhttps://agriculture.ny.gov/consumer-benefits-farmers-markets#farmers-market-nutrition-program-overview 800-522-5006
North Carolinahttps://www.nutritionnc.com/wic/fmarket.htm 919-707-5800
Ohiohttps://ohio.gov/wps/portal/gov/site/residents/resources/senior-farmers-market-nutrition-program614-728-6431
Oregonhttps://www.oregon.gov/oha/PH/HEALTHYPEOPLEFAMILIES/WIC/fdnp/pages/index.aspx971-673-0040
Osage Nationhttps://www.osagenation-nsn.gov/what-we-do/women-infants-children-program 918-287-5368
Pennsylvaniahttps://www.agriculture.pa.gov/Food/food_assistance/Farmers%20Senior%20Farmers%20Market%20Nutrition%20Program/Pages/default.aspx 717-787-4737
Puerto Rico*787-766-2805 
Rhode Islandhttps://health.ri.gov/programs/wic/about/farmersmarkets/ 401-222-4604
San Felipe Pueblo*505-771-7203
South Carolinahttps://www.scdhec.gov/health/wic-nutrition-program/what-does-wic-offer/farmers-market-nutrition-program 803-898-0744
Tennesseehttps://www.tn.gov/content/tn/health/health-program-areas/fhw/farmers/wic-fmnp.html 615-741-7218
Texashttps://texasfarmersmarket.org/food-access-programs/ 877-839-6325
U.S. Virgin Islands*340-690-5088
Vermonthttps://dcf.vermont.gov/benefits/f2f 802-652-4171
Virginiahttps://www.vda.virginia.gov/sfmnp.htm804-662-9319
Washingtonhttps://www.doh.wa.gov/YouandYourFamily/WIC/FarmersMarket/WICFMNP 800-841-1410 
West Virginiahttps://dhhr.wv.gov/WIC/Pages/Farmers-Market.aspx 304-558-0030
Wisconsinhttps://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/wic/fmnp/index.htm 608-266-9824

Additional Resources

mother feeding egg to daughter additional resources

In addition to WIC, the federal government provides several other resources to families and individuals who need food or financial assistance. To qualify for these programs, applicants must meet certain income requirements. Individuals who qualify for WIC may also qualify for the following assistance programs.

Food Benefits

Resources Benefits

Healthcare

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