Your Free Guide to Voter Registration

Your Free Guide to Voter Registration

You will learn about:
  • How to register to vote in your state or territory
  • The different ways to contact your local election offices
  • How votes are counted and what the electoral college is

393 min – Estimated reading time

Your Free Guide to Voter Registration

Your Free Guide to Voter Registration

Voting in the United States

U.S. citizens who meet the eligibility requirements in their state can vote in local, state and federal elections to elect government officials. In all states but North Dakota, you must register to vote in order to exercise this right. 

The process to register to vote varies by state, and each state offers multiple voting options, including absentee voting, mail-in voting and in-person voting on Election Day for the various types of elections. 

Learn more about the voter registration process and how to vote in the U.S. in the sections in this guide. 

Definitions of Common Voting and Election Terms  

  • Absentee ballot: This is a ballot completed and mailed in by a resident who cannot make it to the polls on Election Day.
  • Ballot: A document that includes a list of candidates and initiatives that citizens vote on. Ballots can be completed electronically or by hand.
  • Ballot initiative: This is a proposed law that state or local residents draft and place directly on the ballot to be voted on, and in some cases it bypasses the state legislature or local governing body altogether. 
  • Campaign finance disclosure: This is a law that requires candidates to report the sources of their campaign funds as well as how they are spent. 
  • Caucus: This is a meeting held as part of the first voting phase to determine which candidate should represent a political party in a general election.
  • Constituent: The term used to describe a resident living in a politician’s district. 
  • Delegate: A person elected within a political party to represent their state and decide which candidate will be the nominee for the general election. There are three types of delegates: unpledged delegates, pledged delegates and superdelegates.
  • District: The term used to describe the area that an elected official represents. 
  • Election fraud: The criminal act of violating election laws, including providing false information, voting illegally, bribery, ballot tampering. 
  • Election official: Person responsible for overseeing the election process in the polls, maintaining state requirements and tallying votes. 
  • Elector: A representative in the Electoral College who will vote to choose the presidential candidate.
  • Electoral college: The process used to elect the president every four years. It involves a winner-take-all system in which the candidate who gets the most votes in a state gets all of the electoral votes given to the state. The candidate must receive at least half of the electoral votes, 270, to win the presidency. 
  • General election: The last stage in the voting process in which only candidates who won their primary elections/caucuses will participate.
  • Inauguration: A ceremony in which the newly elected candidate is sworn in and officially takes office. 
  • Incumbent: Term referring to the current elected official who is in office.
  • Mail-in voting: Voting by mail is the process of completing a paper ballot and mailing it to a local elections office to be counted in an upcoming election. It can be considered a form of absentee or early voting, as those who vote by mail are not physically heading to local polling stations.
  • Midterm election: The congressional election that takes place in between presidential elections.
  • Nominee: The title given to the candidate who is chosen to represent his or her political party.
  • Polling place: The designated location given to residents to vote on Election Day. Or, if early voting is permitted, early voting polling places may also be designated.
  • Popular vote: The term used when a candidate wins the majority of votes.
  • Primary election: The first stage in the voting process in which the candidate pool is narrowed down to determine who will be permitted to be on the ballot in the general election.
  • Provisional ballot: A ballot given to voters whose eligibility has not yet been verified.
  • Special election: An election held to fill a vacant role in office due to death, resignation or impeachment.
  • Super Tuesday: The day most primary elections and caucuses are held nationwide. 
  • Term: Length of time someone in office can serve in a position. 

Importance of Each Vote

Voting is not only a constitutional right for all U.S. citizens but also a duty. It allows electors to decide who will best represent their interest at the local, state and federal level. 

States and Territories That Vote

The residents of U.S. territories Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, American Samoa and the Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands can vote in primary elections and elect a non voting delegate to Congress but cannot vote in general Presidential elections. Residents of U.S. states can vote in both primary and general Presidential elections, unless other restrictions set forth below apply.

Your Basic Rights as a Voter

If you meet the basic qualifications — you are a U.S. citizen and at least 18 years of age — then you have the right to vote in the United States regardless of race, religion, disability or sexual orientation.

However, there are certain situations that may prohibit you from voting, even if you meet the basic qualifications described above. In some states, you lose your right to vote while you are incarcerated; in others, you permanently lose your voting privileges upon receiving a felony conviction. In a few states, you never lose your right to vote, even while you are serving a jail sentence. 

Likewise, depending on where you live, you may be prohibited from voting if you are deemed “mentally incompetent” by a court. Continue reading about the voting rights in each state to learn more about felony and other restrictions.

Voter Registration

How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory

The voter registration process varies by state and territory, as do the ways to confirm you have been registered and the consequences of providing inaccurate information in the registration process. Learn how to register to vote by reviewing each state’s and territory’s registration process in the table below.

LocationWays to Register
Where to Confirm You Are  Registered to Vote Penalties for Providing False or Inaccurate InformationHow to Get a Voter Registration CardHow to Change Your Voter Registration Information
AlabamaOnline: https://www.alabamainteractive.org/sos/voter_registration/voterRegistrationWelcome.actionBy Mail: Download the application below: https://www.sos.alabama.gov/sites/default/files/voter-pdfs/nvra-2.pdf?_ga=2.94497884.1561412220.1598032925-824413456.1597695384
Fill it out with your information. Be sure to double check that the information is correct.Find the address for your local county Board of Registrars office on page 2 of the application.Print out the completed application, add a first class stamp and mail it. Request a voter registration form by mail: Head over to this page: https://www.sos.alabama.gov/contact/online_voter_form_request?_ga=2.106105795.1561412220.1598032925-824413456.1597695384
Complete the requested fields.Verify the information is correct and click “Send Message” at the bottom of the page.
In Person: Visit your local Board of Registrar’s office. Find it below: https://www.sos.alabama.gov/alabama-votes/board-of-registrars-all-counties?_ga=2.158951986.928861975.1600180682-824413456.1597695384 
Visit the office and complete the application in person. Submit it.
https://myinfo.alabamavotes.gov/VoterView/RegistrantSearch.doImprisonment up to five yearsTo get a voter ID card, you must be a registered voter and not already have a valid form of photo ID that would be accepted at the polls, such as a driver’s license or U.S. passport. For a full list of identification options, view page 2 of this document: https://www.sos.alabama.gov/sites/default/files/voter-pdfs/candidate-resources/ApplicationForFreeALPhotoVoterIdCard.pdf
To apply, complete the following application and submit it in person at your local Board of Registrations office, the Alabama Secretary of State’s Office or mobile locations: https://www.sos.alabama.gov/sites/default/files/voter-pdfs/candidate-resources/ApplicationForFreeALPhotoVoterIdCard.pdf
You can update your voter registration information by submitting a new voter registration application online, by mail or in person. 
AlaskaOnline: https://voterregistration.alaska.gov/
By Mail/Fax/EmailDownload the application below: https://www.elections.alaska.gov/doc/forms/C03-Fill-In.pdf
Fill it out with your information. Be sure to double check that the information is correct.Find the address for your local county Elections Office on page 2 of the application.If mailing, print out the completed application, add a first class stamp and mail it. If you’re faxing it or emailing it, convert the completed application to a PDF, TIFF or JPEG file then find the contact information for your local office to send it to. 
In Person: Find your local elections office here: https://www.elections.alaska.gov/Core/contactusandsitemap.php
Visit the office and complete the application in person.
Submit it.
https://myvoterinformation.alaska.gov/Misdemeanor convictionYou will receive a voter registration card once your registration application is processed
You can update your registration online through Alaska’s online voter registration system https://voterregistration.alaska.gov/
OR
By resubmitting a paper application 
https://www.elections.alaska.gov/doc/forms/C03-Fill-In.pdf
American SamoaBy Mail Download your application here: https://aselectionoffice.gov/Forms%20for%20dl/EO-01.pdf
Fill out the application and be sure to double check that the information is accurate.
Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it to the address listed on the top left corner of the application form.
In Person: Visit the American Samoa Government office. Obtain an application and fill it out.
Submit it.
ArizonaOnline: https://servicearizona.com/VoterRegistration/selectLanguage
By Mail: Download the application below: https://azsos.gov/sites/default/files/20200417_AZ_Voter_Registration_Form_Printable_0.pdf 
Fill it out with your information. Be sure to double check that the information is correct.Find the address for your local county recorder’s office here: https://azsos.gov/county-election-info.Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. Request a voter registration form by mail by contacting your local elections office
https://azsos.gov/county-election-info
In Person: Find your local elections office here: https://azsos.gov/county-election-info
Visit the office and complete the application in person.
Submit it.
https://my.arizona.vote/PortalList.aspxClass 6 felony convictionYou will receive your voter registration card by mail once your voter registration application is mailed within four to six weeks. You should update your voter registration if you have legally changed your name, address or political affiliation. There are three ways to update your voter registration card:Online here: https://servicearizona.com/VoterRegistration/selectLanguage
Via mail by downloading the following application and submitting it your local county recorder’s office: https://azsos.gov/sites/default/files/20200417_AZ_Voter_Registration_Form_Printable_0.pdfIn person: Visit your local county recorder’s office. Find your local office here: https://azsos.gov/county-election-info
You will receive your updated voter registration card within a month and a half. 
ArkansasBy Mail:Download the application below: https://www.sos.arkansas.gov/uploads/elections/ArkansasVoterRegistrationApplication.pdf (English)
https://www.sos.arkansas.gov/uploads/elections/voter_reg_ap_ar_spanish.pdf (Spanish)Fill it out with your information. Be sure to double check that the information is correct.Find the address for the Arkansas Secretary of State office on page 2 of the application.Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it.
Request a voter registration form by mail by contacting your local elections office.Visit the following page: https://www.sos.arkansas.gov/elections/voter-information/voter-registration-information/request-for-a-voter-registration-application
Fill out the required fields.Click “Submit.”In Person: Find your local elections office here: https://www.sos.arkansas.gov/uploads/elections/ARCountyClerks.pdf
Visit the office and complete the application in person.
Submit it.
The only way to check your voter status is by contacting your local county clerk. Click here  (https://www.sos.arkansas.gov/uploads/elections/ARCountyClerks.pdf) to find the contact information for all county clerk offices in Arkansas.Fine of up to $10,000 and up to 10 years of imprisonmentYou will receive your voter registration card once your voter registration application is processed. 
If you have not voted in several elections, you may receive a notice from your county requesting an update in your voter registration. In that case, you must return the completed notice to your county clerk to update your registration. 
Otherwise, you must submit a new registration application to update your registration information. However, the county clerk must receive it no later than four days before an election to be eligible to cast a ballot for that election. 
CaliforniaOnline: https://covr.sos .ca.gov/
By Mail:Pick up an application at your local county elections office, library, DMV office or USPS, and mail it back to your local county elections office.In Person:Find your local county elections offices here: https://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/voting-resources/county-elections-offices/
Visit the office and complete the application in person.Submit it.
Request that your application is mailed to you Call (800) 345-8683 or email the division here:
https://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/contact/email-elections-division/
https://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/registration-status/Possible fines and imprisonment California does not give voter ID cards. You must update your registration if you have legally changed your name by re-registering online, by mail or in person. 
However, if you have changed addresses and updated it at the DMV, your voter registration will automatically be updated. 
ColoradoOnline: https://www.sos.state.co.us/voter/pages/pub/olvr/verifyNewVoter.xhtml
By mail: Download the application below: https://www.sos.state.co.us/pubs/elections/vote/VoterRegFormEnglish.pdf
Fill it out with your information. Be sure to double check that the information is correct. Find the address for your local county clerk and record office here: https://www.sos.state.co.us/pubs/elections/Resources/CountyElectionOffices.html.
You can also mail it to the Colorado Department of State office, whose address is on page 2 of the application.Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it.In Person:Find your local state office: https://www.sos.state.co.us/pubs/elections/Resources/CountyElectionOffices.html
Visit the office and complete the application in person.
Submit it.
https://www.sos.state.co. us/voter/pages/pub/olvr/findVoterReg.xhtmlClass 1 misdemeanorYou will receive a voter information card by mail or email about 20 days after your registration application has been processed.
To update your address or party affiliation, you can do so:Online: https://www.sos.state.co.us/pubs/elections/FAQs/VoterRegistrationFAQ.html
Or re-submit a voter registration application: https://www.sos.state.co.us/pubs/elections/vote/VoterRegFormEnglish.pdf
Commonwealth of Northern Mariana IslandsBy Mail: Download your application here when the registration period is open: https://www.votecnmi.gov.mp/downloads/registration_package-f.pdf
Fill out the application and be sure to double check that the information is accurate.
Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it to the Commonwealth Election Commission.
https://www.votecnmi.gov.mp/voter/are-you-registered-to-voteFines up to $2,000 and imprisonment up to two years.Information is not available.You can make changes to your voter information by submitting a new voter registration application.
ConnecticutOnline: https://voterregistration.ct.gov/OLVR/welcome.do
By mail: 
Download the application below: https://portal.ct.gov/-/media/SOTS/ElectionServices/ElectForms/electforms/VoterRegCardEnglish2015pdf.pdf (English)
https://portal.ct.gov/-/media/SOTS/ElectionServices/ElectForms/electforms/VoterRegCardSpanish2015pdf.pdf (Spanish)
Fill it out with your information. Be sure to double check that the information is correct.Find the address for your local town clerk office here: https://www.sos.state.co.us/pubs/elections/Resources/CountyElectionOffices.html
Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. You can also hand deliver it.
In Person: Find your local town clerk office here: http://www.ctclerks.com/content/5645/5649/default.aspx 
Visit the office and complete the application in person.
Submit it.
https://portaldir.ct.gov/sots/LookUp.aspxFines up to $5,000 and up to five years in prisonInformation is not available.To change your name, address or party affiliation, you must complete a new voter registration application, which you can download here: https://portal.ct.gov/-/media/SOTS/ElectionServices/ElectForms/electforms/ED-671-En-8×10-No-code.pdf
District of ColumbiaBy mail/fax: Download the application below:
https://www.dcboe.org/dcboe/media/PDFFiles/VRF-English-05242021.pdf 
Fill it out with your information. Be sure to double check that the information is correct. Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it to the D.C. Board of Elections office listed on page 2 of the application.
In Person:
Visit the District of Columbia Board of Elections office at the following address:1015 Half Street, SE, Suite 750, Washington, D.C. 20003
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out. 
Submit it.
https://www.dcboe.org/Voters/Register-To-Vote/Check-Voter-Registration-StatusFines up to $10,000 and up to five years in jail You will receive a voter registration card from the department once your application is processed. 
You can update your address, name and party affiliation by submitting a new voter registration application: https://www.dcboe.org/dcboe/media/PDFFiles/VRF-English-05242021.pdf
DelawareOnline: https://ivote.de.gov/voterview/registrant/newregistrant
By mail: Download the application below: https://elections.delaware.gov/pubs/stateform.pdf
Fill it out with your information. Be sure to double check that the information is correct.
Find the address for your local town clerk office here: https://elections.delaware.gov/locations.shtml  Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. In Person:Find your local elections office here: https://elections.delaware.gov/locations.shtmlVisit the office to obtain an application and fill it out. Submit it.
https://ivote.de.gov/voterviewUp to $200 in fines and up to two years in prisonYou will receive a polling place card once your voter registration application is processed
You can update your registration by re-submitting your application online, by mail, at mobile registration events or in person at your local county elections office.
FloridaOnline: https://registertovoteflorida.gov/ 
By Mail: Download the application below: https://dos.myflorida.com/media/703044/dsde39-english-042020-post-7066.pdf Fill it out with your information. Be sure to double check that the information is correct.Find the address for your local town clerk office on page 2 of the application.Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. 
In personFind your local county elections office here: https://dos.elections.myflorida.com/supervisors/ 
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out. Submit it.
https://registration.elections.myflorida.com/CheckVoterStatus Fines up to $5,000 and up to five years in prison.
You will receive your voter registration card once your voter registration application is processed.
You can update your address, name and party affiliation by submitting a new voter registration.
You can also call or email your county Supervisor of Elections to notify them of an address change.
GeorgiaOnline: https://registertovote.sos.ga.gov/GAOLVR/welcometoga.do#no-back-button
By Mail:
Download the application below: https://registertovote.sos.ga.gov/GAOLVR/images/reg_form.pdfFill it out with your information. Be sure to double check that the information is correct. Find the mailing address on page 2 of the application.Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. 
In person: Find your local county elections office here: https://elections.sos.ga.gov/Elections/countyelectionoffices.doVisit the office to obtain an application and fill it out. Submit it.
https://www.mvp.sos.ga.gov/MVP/mvp.doFelony with potential fines and imprisonmentYou will receive a precinct card up to a month after your voter registration application. 
To update your voter registration information, you can do so by writing to your local county board of registrars office or submitting a new voter registration application.
GuamOnline: https://gec.guam.gov/register/
In Person: Visit the Guam Election Commission office. Obtain an application and fill it out.
Submit it.
https://gec.guam.gov/validate/Information is not available.Information is not available.You can make changes to your voter information by submitting a new voter registration application.
HawaiiOnline: https://olvr.hawaii.gov/
By mail:Download the application below: https://elections.hawaii.gov/wp-content/uploads/Voter-Registration-and-Permanent-Absentee-Application_Form-Fillable.pdf
Fill it out with your information. Be sure to double check that the information is correct.Find the mailing address for your county on page 2 of the application.Print out the completed application, and mail it. 
In person: Visit your local county elections office: 
County of Hawaii 
25 Aupuni St. #1502 Hilo, HI 96720 

County of Kauai 
4386 Rice St. #101 Lihue, HI 96766 

County of Maui 
200 S. High St. Wailuku, HI 96793 

City & County of Honolulu 
530 S. King St. #100 Honolulu, HI 96813

Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out. 
Submit it.
In Person: Visit your local county office:
County of Hawaii 
25 Aupuni St. #1502
Hilo, HI 96720 
County of Kauai 4386 Rice St. #101 Lihue, HI 96766 
County of Maui 200 S. High St. Wailuku, HI 96793 
City & County of Honolulu 530 S. King St. #100 Honolulu, HI 96813
Obtain an application. 
Submit it.
https://olvr.hawaii.gov/Class C felonyOnce your voter registration application is processed, you will receive a notification postcard, not an ID card.
You can update your voter registration online here: https://olvr.hawaii.gov/
You can also re-submit a voter registration application by mail or in person: https://elections.hawaii.gov/wp-content/uploads/Voter-Registration-and-Permanent-Absentee-Application_Form-Fillable.pdf
IdahoOnline: https://elections.sos.idaho.gov/ElectionLink/ElectionLink/ApplicationInstructions.aspx
By mail: Download the application below: https://sos.idaho.gov/elect/VoterReg/voter_registration.pdf
Fill it out with your information. Be sure to double check that the information is correct.Find the mailing address on page 2 of the application. Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. 
In person: Find your local county elections office here: https://idahovotes.gov/county-clerks/
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out. Submit it.
https://elections.sos.idaho.gov/ElectionLink/ElectionLink/VoterSearch.aspxFines up to $50,000 and imprisonmentTo get your registration card, you must visit one of the following locations: A county city hallThe DMV
You can update your voter registration registration by re-submitting your voter registration application. 
IllinoisOnline: https://ova.elections.il.gov/Step0.aspxBy mail:
Download the application below: https://www.illinois.gov/hfs/SiteCollectionDocuments/sber19.pdf
Fill it out with your information. Be sure to double check that the information is correct.Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it to the Chicago Elections Office or Springfield Office:
Springfield Office
2329 S. MacArthur Blvd.
Springfield, IL 62704
Chicago Office
100 W. Randolph, Suite 14-100, Chicago, IL 60601
In person:
Visit your local elections office.Obtain an application and fill it out. Submit it.
https://ova.elections.il.gov/RegistrationLookup.aspxFines and imprisonmentYou will receive your registration card within a few weeks of submitting your voter registration application
To update your voter registration, re-submit your voter registration application online, by mail or in person. 
IndianaOnline:
https://indianavoters.in.gov/
By Mail: Download the application below: https://forms.in.gov/Download.aspx?id=9341 (English)
https://forms.in.gov/Download.aspx?id=9455 (Spanish)
Fill it out with your information. Be sure to double check that the information is correct.
Find the mailing address on page 2 of the application.Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. 
In person: Find your local county elections office here: https://www.in.gov/core/find_agency.html#sos Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out. Submit it.
https://indianavoters.in.gov/
Or Call 1-866-IN-1-VOTE.
Fines up to $10,000 and up to three years in jail You will receive a voter registration card in the mail once your application is processed.
You can update your voter registration information online here: https://indianavoters.in.gov/
You can also re-submit a new registration application by mail or in person at your local county clerk’s office, license branch, local family and social services office, WorkOne center or Department of Health office.
IowaOnline:
https://mymvd.iowadot.gov/Account/Login?ReturnUrl=%2fVoterRegistration
By Mail: Download the application below: https://sos.iowa.gov/elections/pdf/voteapp.pdf Fill it out with your information. Be sure to double check that the information is correct. Find your local County Auditor/Commissioner of Elections office here: https://sos.iowa.gov/elections/auditors/auditorslist.html.
Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. 
In person: Find your local County Auditor/Commissioner of Elections office here: https://sos.iowa.gov/elections/auditors/auditorslist.html 
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out. Submit it.
https://sos.iowa.gov/elections/voterreg/regtovote/search.aspxFines up to $7,500 and imprisonment up to five yearsYou will receive your voter registration card within two weeks.You can update your voter registration online, by mail or in person.
KansasOnline: https://www.kdor.ks.gov/apps/voterreg/default.aspx
By Mail: Download the application below: https://sos.ks.gov/forms/Elections/voterregistration.pdf 
Fill it out with your information. Be sure to double check that the information is correct. Find your local county clerk’s office on page 2. Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. 
In person: Find your local County Auditor/Commissioner of Elections office here: https://www.sos.ks.gov/elections/county_election_officers.aspxVisit the office to obtain an application and fill it out. Submit it.
https://myvoteinfo.voteks.org/VoterView/ Up to 17 months in prison.To request your voter registration card, contact your local county clerk’s office.
If you have a change in name, address or party affiliation, you must re-register to vote by completing the application online, in person or by mail. 
KentuckyOnline: https://vrsws.sos.ky.gov/ovrweb/ 
By Mail: Download the application below: https://elect.ky.gov/registertovote/Documents/SBE%2001%20406%20Mail%20In%20Voter%20Registration%20Application.pdf
Fill it out with your information. Be sure to double check that the information is correct.Find your local county clerk’s office here: https://elect.ky.gov/About-Us/Pages/County-Clerks.aspx 
Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. 
In personFind your local county clerk here: https://elect.ky.gov/About-Us/Pages/County-Clerks.aspx 
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out. Submit it.
https://vrsws.sos.ky.gov/VIC/Fines and imprisonment up to five yearsYou will obtain a voter registration card when your voter registration  application is processed.
You can update your voter registration online here: https://vrsws.sos.ky.gov/ovrweb/
LouisianaOnline: https://www.sos.la.gov/ElectionsAndVoting/Pages/OnlineVoterRegistration.aspx?Referrer=https://www.sos.la.gov/ElectionsAndVoting/RegisterToVote/Pages/default.aspx
By Mail: Download the application below: https://www.sos.la.gov/ElectionsAndVoting/PublishedDocuments/ApplicationToRegisterToVote.pdf 
Fill it out with your information. Be sure to double check that the information is correct. Find your local Registrar of Voters Office on page 3 of the application.Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. 
In Person: Find your local Registrar of Voters Office here: https://voterportal.sos.la.gov/registrar 
You can also register to vote at several government offices, such as: The Louisiana Office of Motor Vehicles
Louisiana Department of Children and Family Services
WIC offices; Food Stamps offices; Medicaid offices; Offices serving persons with disabilities such as the Deaf Action Centers and Independent Living Offices; or Armed Forces recruitment offices.
https://voterportal.sos.la.gov/Fines up to $2,000 and imprisonment up to 2 years. For second offenses, fines go up to $5,000 and imprisonment up to 5 years.You should receive your voter registration card once your application is processed. If you need a duplicate, you can download your voter information card through the Secretary of State voter portal or by contacting your local Registrar of Voters Office. 

You can update your voter registration information by completing the application and checking the “update voter registration” box. 

MaineBy Mail: Download the application below: https://www.maine.gov/sos/cec/elec/upcoming/pdf/voterregcard20.pdf
Fill it out with your information. Be sure to double check that the information is correct. Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it to the Maine Division of Elections. The address is written at the bottom of the application form. 
In person: Find your local county clerk here: https://www.maine.gov/sos/cec/elec/munic.html Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out. Submit it.
Have your voter registration application mailed to you by contacting your town clerk: Find your local county clerk here: https://www.maine.gov/sos/cec/elec/munic.html
To find out about your voter status, contact the Elections Division of the Maine Secretary of State’s office via email cec.elections@maine.gov or by phone: 207-624-7650.Information is not available.You’ll receive a voter registration card once your voter registration application is processed.
To update your registration, you must resubmit your voter registration in person or by mail.
MarylandOnline: https://voterservices.elections.maryland.gov/OnlineVoterRegistration/InstructionsStep1
By Mail: Download the application below: https://elections.maryland.gov/voter_registration/documents/English_Internet_VRA.pdf (English) https://elections.maryland.gov/voter_registration/documents/Spanish_Internet_VRA.pdf (Spanish) Fill it out with your information. Be sure to double check that the information is correct.Find your local county clerk’s office on page 3 of the application form.Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. 
In personFind your local county clerk here: https://elections.maryland.gov/about/county_boards.html
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out. Submit it.
https://voterservices.elections.maryland.gov/VoterSearchFines up to $1,000 and imprisonment up to five years. You will receive your voter notification card once your application is processed.
You can update your voter registration information by submitting a new application or writing to your local board of elections directly with the new information.
MassachusettsOnline: https://www.sec.state.ma.us/OVR/Pages/CheckEligibility.aspx?&Action=Register
By Mail: Find your application below: https://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/elepdf/Voter-reg-mail-in.pdf (English) 
https://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/elepdf/Voter-reg-mail-in-Spanish.pdf (Spanish)
https://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/elepdf/Voter-reg-mail-in-Chinese.pdf (Chinese)
https://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/elepdf/Voter-reg-mail-in-Khmer.pdf (Khmer)
https://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/elepdf/Voter-reg-mail-in-Cape-Verdean.pdf (Cape Verdean Creole)
https://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/elepdf/Voter-reg-mail-in-Haitian.pdf (Haitian Creole) https://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/elepdf/Voter-reg-mail-in-Portuguese.pdf (Portuguese) https://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/elepdf/Voter-reg-mail-in-Russian.pdf (Russian) https://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/elepdf/Voter-reg-mail-in-Vietnamese.pdf (Vietnamese) Fill it out with your information. Be sure to double check that the information is correct. Find your local county circuit clerk’s office on page 2 of the application form. Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. 
https://www.sec.state.ma.us/VoterRegistrationSearch/MyVoterRegStatus.aspx Fines up to $10,000 and imprisonment up to five yearsInformation is not available.You can update your voter registration information online here: https://www.sec.state.ma.us/ovr/
You can also update it by completing a new voter registration application and submitting it in person or by mail. 
MichiganOnline: https://mvic.sos.state.mi.us/RegisterVoter/Index By Mail: Download the application below: https://www.michigan.gov/documents/MIVoterRegistration_97046_7.pdf 
Fill it out with your information. Be sure to double check that the information is correct.Find your local county clerk’s office here: https://mvic.sos.state.mi.us/Voter/Index 
Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. 
In Person: Visit a secretary of state branch office, clerk’s office, state agency that provides public assistance or voter registration drive. Obtain an application, fill it out, and submit it.
https://mvic.sos.state.mi.us/Voter/Index Potential fines and imprisonment
You will receive your voter notification card once your application is processed.
You can update your voter registration information here: https://mvic.sos.state.mi.us/RegisterVoter/Index 
You can also do it in person or via mail by submitting a new voter registration application.
MississippiBy Mail: Download the application below: https://www.sos.ms.gov/content/documents/elections/Voter_Registration.pdf
Fill it out with your information. Be sure to double check that the information is correct.Find your local county circuit clerk’s office on page 2 of the application form. Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. 
In person: Find your county elections here:
https://www.sos.ms.gov/elections-voting/county-election-information
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out. 
Submit it.
https://www.yallvote.sos.ms.gov/Fines up to $5,000 and imprisonment up to five yearsYou can only request a voter registration card if you do not have any acceptable form of photo ID. You must also be a registered voter to qualify. Visit your local Circuit Clerk’s Office with one form of acceptable ID (view the list here: https://msvoterid.ms.gov/Pages/VoterIDAcceptID.htm ) and complete the application. 

You can update your voter registration online here: https://www.msegov.com/sos/voter_registration/home/Search
You can also do it in person or via mail by submitting a new voter registration application.
MissouriOnlinehttps://s1.sos.mo.gov/elections/voterregistration/
By MailFind your county-specific application here: https://s1.sos.mo.gov/elections/voterregistration/home/print 
Select your county from the dropdown menu. Fill out the application and be sure to double check that the information is correct.Find your local county clerk office address on page 2 of the application form.Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. 
In Person: Find your local county clerk’s office here: https://www.sos.mo.gov/elections/goVoteMissouri/pickupmailVisit the office to obtain an application and fill it out. Submit it.
Request that the application be mailed to you.
Visit this page: https://s1.sos.mo.gov/elections/goVoteMissouri/request
Fill out the required fields and click “submit.”
https://s1.sos.mo.gov/elections/voterlookup/Fines up to $10,000 and five years of imprisonmentYou will receive your voter registration card after voting for the first time. 
You can update your voter registration by contacting your local elections office. 
If you move to a location outside of your election jurisdiction, you’ll have to submit a new voter registration.
MinnesotaOnline: https://mnvotes.sos.state.mn.us/VoterRegistration/VoterRegistrationMain.aspx
By Mail: Download your application: https://www.sos.state.mn.us/media/1587/voter-registration-application.pdf (English)
https://www.sos.state.mn.us/media/1589/spanish-voter-registration-2016.pdf (Spanish)
https://www.sos.state.mn.us/media/1593/hmong-voter-registration-2016.pdf (Hmoob)
https://www.sos.state.mn.us/media/1591/somali-voter-registration-2016.pdf (Soomaali)
https://www.sos.state.mn.us/media/1588/vietnamese-voter-registration-2016.pdf (Tiếng Việt)
https://www.sos.state.mn.us/media/1590/russian-voter-registration-2016.pdf (Pусский)
https://www.sos.state.mn.us/media/2446/chinese-voter-registration-2016.pdf (中文) 
https://www.sos.state.mn.us/media/2448/lao-voter-registration-2016.pdf
(ພາສາລາວ)
https://www.sos.state.mn.us/media/2449/oromo-voter-registration-2016.pdf (Oromo) 
https://www.sos.state.mn.us/media/2447/khmer-voter-registration-2016.pdf (ខ្មែរ)
https://www.sos.state.mn.us/media/2445/amharic-voter-registration-2016.pdf (አማርኛ)
https://www.sos.state.mn.us/media/2656/karen-voter-registration-2016.pdf (S’gaw Karen)
Fill it out and make sure the information is accurate.Find out the mailing address on page 2 of the application.Print it out, add a stamp to the envelope and mail it to the office.
In Person: Find your local county clerk’s office here: https://www.sos.state.mn.us/elections-voting/find-county-election-office/
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out. 
Submit it.
https://mnvotes.sos.state.mn.us/VoterStatus.aspxFine up to $10,000 and five years imprisonmentInformation is not available.You can update your registration by submitting a new application. Pay special attention to the “Registration Updates” section. 
You can also do it online here: https://mnvotes.sos.state.mn.us/VoterRegistration/VoterRegistrationMain.aspx
MontanaBy Mail: Download your application here: https://sosmt.gov/Portals/142/Elections/Forms/Voter_Registration_Application.pdf
Fill out the application and be sure to double check that the information is correct.Find your Election Administrator’s office on page 2 of the application. Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. 
In PersonFind your local Election Administrator’s office here: https://sosmt.gov/Portals/142/Elections/Forms/electionadministrators.pdfVisit the office to obtain an application and fill it out. Submit it.
https://app.mt.gov/voterinfo/Fines and imprisonmentYou will receive a voter registration card once you are registered. You can update your registration by submitting a new voter registration and checking the update box that applies. 
NebraskaOnline: https://www.nebraska.gov/apps-sos-voter-registration/
By Mail: Download your application here: https://sos.nebraska.gov/sites/sos.nebraska.gov/files/doc/vr-fillable.pdf (English) https://sos.nebraska.gov/sites/sos.nebraska.gov/files/doc/svr-fillable.pdf (Spanish)
Fill out the application and be sure to double check that the information is correct. Find your county elections office on page 2 of the application. Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. 
In Person: Find your local county elections office here: https://sos.nebraska.gov/elections/election-official-contact-information
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out. 
Submit it.
https://www.votercheck.necvr.ne.gov/voterviewClass 4 felony with fines up to $10,000 and 2 years imprisonment with 12 months post-release supervisionNo information is available.You can update your voter registration online here: https://www.nebraska.gov/apps-sos-voter-registration/
You can also re-submit a voter registration application in person or by mail: https://sos.nebraska.gov/sites/sos.nebraska.gov/files/doc/vr-fillable.pdf
NevadaOnline: https://www.nvsos.gov/sosvoterservices/Registration/Step0.aspx
By Mail: Download your application here: https://www.nvsos.gov/SOSVoterRegForm/
Fill out the application and be sure to double check that the information is correct. Find your county elections office on page 2 of the application. 
Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. 
In Person: Find your local county elections office here: https://www.nvsos.gov/sos/elections/voters/county-clerk-contact-information
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out. 
Submit it.
https://www.nvsos.gov/votersearch/Felony with a fine of up to $20,000.You will receive a voter registration card once your application is processed.You can update your voter information online here: https://www.nvsos.gov/sosvoterservices/Registration/Step0.aspx
You can also do so by submitting a new voter registration application. 
New HampshireIn Person: Find your local town clerk office: https://app.sos.nh.gov/Public/ClerkDetails.aspx 
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out. Submit it.
By Mail: Note that this is only an option if you are registering as an absentee voter.
1 – an absentee ballot by contacting your town clerk or the Secretary of State’s office. 

Download your application: https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/whitehouse.gov/files/NewHampshireVoterRegistrationForm.pdf

2 – Fill out the application and be sure to double check that the information is correct.
3 – Find your county elections office on page 2 of the application. 
4 – Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. 
https://app.sos.nh.gov/Public/PartyInfo.aspxFine or imprisonment.Information is not available.You can update your voter information by submitting a new voter registration application in person or by mail. 
New JerseyOnline: https://voter.svrs.nj.gov/register
By Mail: Find the application specific to your county: https://www.state.nj.us/state/elections/voter-registration.shtml#vrf 
Fill out the application and be sure to double check that the information is correct.Find your county elections office on page 2 of the application. Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. 
In PersonFind your local county elections office here: https://www.state.nj.us/state/elections/county-eo.shtml
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out. Submit it.
https://voter.svrs.nj.gov/registration-checkFine up to $15,000 and imprisonment up to five yearsInformation is not available.You can change your voter information online through the MVC website or by submitting a new voter registration application.
New YorkOnline: https://voterreg.dmv.ny.gov/MotorVoter/ 
By Mail: Download your application here: https://www.elections.ny.gov/NYSBOE/download/voting/voteregform-eng-fillable.pdf (English) 
https://www.elections.ny.gov/NYSBOE/download/voting/voteregform-span-fillable.pdf (Spanish)
Fill out the application and be sure to double check that the information is correct. Find your county Board of Elections office on page 2 of the application. 
Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. 
In Person: Find your local county board of elections office here: https://www.elections.ny.gov/CountyBoards.html
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out. Submit it.
https://voterlookup.elections.ny.gov/Fines up to $5,000 and imprisonment up to four yearsInformation is not available.You can make changes to your voter information by submitting a new voter registration application.
North CarolinaOnline: https://payments.ncdot.gov/
By Mail: Download your application here: https://s3.amazonaws.com/dl.ncsbe.gov/Voter_Registration/NCVoterRegForm_06W.pdf
Fill out the application and be sure to double check that the information is correct.
Find your local County Board office on page 3 of the application. 
Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. 
In Person: Find your local county elections office here: https://vt.ncsbe.gov/BOEInfo/
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out.
Submit it.
https://vt.ncsbe.gov/RegLkup/Class 1 Felony.Information is not available.You can make changes to your voter information online here: https://payments.ncdot.gov/
You can also do it by submitting a new voter registration application. 
North DakotaNorth Dakota does not require voter registration.
Anyone wishing to vote must only provide a form of identification. Find all acceptable forms of ID here: https://vote.nd.gov/PortalListDetails.aspx?ptlhPKID=71&ptlPKID=7 
N/AN/AN/AN/A
OhioOnline: https://olvr.ohiosos.gov/
By Mail: Download your application here: https://www.sos.state.oh.us/globalassets/elections/forms/vr_form_04-2015.pdf
Fill out the application and be sure to double check that the information is correct. Find your county Boards of Elections office here:
https://www.ohiosos.gov/elections/elections-officials/county-boards-of-elections-directory/
Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. 
In Person: Find your county Boards of Elections office:
https://www.ohiosos.gov/elections/elections-officials/county-boards-of-elections-directory/
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out.
Submit it.
https://voterlookup.ohiosos.gov/voterlookup.aspxClass 5 FelonyInformation is not available.You can make changes to your voter information online here: https://olvr.ohiosos.gov/
You can also do it by submitting a new voter registration application. 
OklahomaOnline: https://okvoterportal.okelections.us/Home/RegWizard
By Mail: Download your application here: https://oklahoma.gov/content/dam/ok/en/elections/forms/voter-registration-application.pdf 
Fill out the application and be sure to double check that the information is correct.Find the mailing address on the 3rd page of the application form.
Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. 
In Person: Find your local county elections office here: https://oklahoma.gov/elections/about-us/county-election-boards.html 
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out.
Submit it.
https://www.ok.gov/elections/OVP.htmlFines up to $50,000 and up to five years in prisonYou will receive your voter registration card once your voter registration application is processed.You can make changes to your voter information online here:
https://www.ok.gov/elections/OVP.html 
You can also do it by submitting a new voter registration application. 
OregonOnline: https://secure.sos.state.or.us/orestar/vr/register.do?lang=eng&source=SOS
By Mail: Download your application here: https://sos.oregon.gov/elections/Documents/SEL500.pdf
Fill out the application and be sure to double check that the information is correct.
Find the mailing address on page 2 of the application form.
Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. 
In Person: Find your local county elections office: https://sos.oregon.gov/elections/Pages/countyofficials.aspx
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out.
Submit it.
https://secure.sos.state.or.us/orestar/vr/showVoterSearch.do?lang=eng&source=SOSFines up to $125,000 and five years in prison.You will receive your voter registration card once your voter registration application is processed.You can make changes to your voter information online here: https://secure.sos.state.or.us/orestar/vr/showVoterSearch.do?lang=eng&source=SOS
You can also do it by submitting a new voter registration application.
PennsylvaniaOnline: https://www.pavoterservices.pa.gov/pages/VoterRegistrationApplication.aspx (English)
By Mail: Download your application here: https://www.votespa.com/Resources/Documents/Voter_Registration_Application_English.pdf
Fill out the application and be sure to double check that the information is correct.
Find the mailing address for your county elections office on page 2 of the application form.
Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. 
In Person: Find your local county elections office here: https://www.votespa.com/Resources/Pages/Contact-Your-Election-Officials.aspx
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out.
Submit it.
https://www.pavoterservices.pa.gov/pages/voterregistrationstatus.aspxUp to $15,000 and seven years in prisonYou will receive your voter registration card once your voter registration application is processed.You can make changes to your voter information online here:
https://www.pavoterservices.pa.gov/Pages/VoterRegistrationApplication.aspx
You can also do it by submitting a new voter registration application. 
Puerto RicoIn Person: You must apply in person at your local elections office. Find your nearest location here: http://www.ceepur.org/directorio.htm
Once you arrive, request an application, fill it out and submit it.
http://consulta.ceepur.org/Fines up to $500 for each false piece of information and/or imprisonment up to one year.You will receive your voter registration card once your voter registration application is processed.Information is not available.
Rhode IslandOnline: https://vote.sos.ri.gov/VoterRegistration/VoterRegistration?step=0
By Mail: Download your application here: https://elections.ri.gov/publications/Election_Publications/Voter_Registration/RI_Registration_Form_Eng_Rev_5-16-19.pdf (English) 
https://elections.ri.gov/publications/Election_Publications/Voter_Registration/RI_Registration_Form_Spanish_5-15-19.pdf (Spanish)
Fill out the application and be sure to double check that the information is correct.
Find the mailing address for your town hall office on page 2 of the application form.
Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. 
In Person: Find your local county elections on page 2 of this application: https://elections.ri.gov/publications/Election_Publications/Voter_Registration/RI_Registration_Form_Eng_Rev_5-16-19.pdf
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out.
Submit it.
https://vote.sos.ri.gov/Home/UpdateVoterRecord?ActiveFlag=0 You can request a voter registration card if you don’t have any other valid form of acceptable photo ID. You must contact your local county elections office to receive one.You can make changes to your voter information online here:
https://vote.sos.ri.gov/VoterRegistration/VoterRegistration?step=0
You can also do it by submitting a new voter registration application.
South CarolinaOnline: https://info.scvotes.sc.gov/eng/ovr/start.aspx
By Mail: Download your application here: https://www.scvotes.gov/sites/default/files/VR%20Blank%20Form.pdf
Fill out the application and be sure to double check that the information is correct.
Find the mailing address for your local Board of Voter Registration & Elections office here: https://www.scvotes.gov/how-register-absentee-voting 
Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it. 
In Person: Find your county elections office: https://www.scvotes.gov/how-register-absentee-voting
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out.Submit it.
https://info.scvotes.sc.gov/eng/voterinquiry/VoterInformationRequest.aspxPotential fines and imprisonmentYou will receive your voter registration card once your voter registration application is processed.You can make changes to your voter information online here:
https://info.scvotes.sc.gov/eng/ovr/start.aspx
You can also do it by submitting a new voter registration application.
If you are notifying the department of a change of address within the same county, download the form here and mail, fax or scan it over to your county voter registration office: https://www.scvotes.gov/files/changeofaddress.pdf
South DakotaBy Mail: Download your application here: https://sdsos.gov/elections-voting/assets/VoterRegistrationFormFillable.pdf
Fill out the application and be sure to select your county at the top of the form.
Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it to your local county auditor office. Find the list here: https://vip.sdsos.gov/CountyAuditors.aspx
In Person: Find your local county auditor’s office.Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out.
Submit it.
https://vip.sdsos.gov/VIPLogin.aspxUp to $4,000 in fines and 2 years of imprisonmentInformation is not available.You can make changes to your voter information by submitting a new voter registration application.
TennesseeOnline: https://ovr.govote.tn.gov/
By Mail: Download your application here: https://sos-tn-gov-files.s3.amazonaws.com/forms/ss-3010.pdf
Fill out the application and be sure to double check that the information is accurate.
Find your local County Elections Commissions office here: https://tnsos.org/elections/election_commissions.php
Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it.
In Person:
Find your local County Election Commissions here:
https://tnsos.org/elections/election_commissions.php
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out.
Submit it.
https://tnmap.tn.gov/voterlookup/Up to $5,000 in fines and 12 years in imprisonmentYou will receive your voter registration card once your voter registration application is processed.
To get a duplicate copy, you can request one in writing to your local county election commission office.
You can make changes to your voter information online here: https://ovr.govote.tn.gov/
You can also do it by submitting a new voter registration application. 
Keep in mind that a change in county will require a new voter registration. 
TexasOnline https://webservices.sos.state.tx.us/vrapp/index.asp
By Mail: Download your application here: https://www.sos.state.tx.us/elections/forms/vr-with-receipt.pdf
Fill out the application and be sure to double check that the information is accurate.Find your local County Voter Registration Office here: https://www.sos.texas.gov/elections/voter/votregduties.shtml 
Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it.
In Person: Find your local county voter registration office: https://www.sos.texas.gov/elections/voter/votregduties.shtml
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out.
Submit it.
https://teamrv-mvp.sos.texas.gov/MVP/mvp.doUp to 180 days in prison and $2,000 in fines. You will receive your voter registration card once your voter registration application is processed.You can make changes to your voter information by notifying your local Voter Registrar office in writing. You can also: Make the correction on your voter registration certificate and return it to the office. Complete a new voter registration application. Process your change here (if it’s a change in address within the same county): https://txapps.texas.gov/tolapp/sos/SOSACManager
U.S. Virgin IslandsIn Person: You must apply in person at your local elections office. Find your nearest location here: https://www.vivote.gov/contact-us
Once you arrive, request an application, fill it out and submit it.
https://www.vivote.gov/voters/lookupInformation is not available.Information is not available.Information is not available.
UtahOnline: https://secure.utah.gov/voterreg/login.html?selection=REGISTER
By Mail: Download your application here: https://voteinfo.utah.gov/wp-content/uploads/sites/42/2020/05/Voter-Registration-Form5-20-4.pdf (English)
https://elections.utah.gov/Media/Default/Forms/English-Spanish%20Voter%20Registration%20Form.pdf (Spanish)
Fill out the application and be sure to double check that the information is accurate.Find your local county clerk’s office here: https://elections.utah.gov/election-resources/county-clerks 
Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it to your local county clerk’s office or the Office of the Utah Lieutenant Governor.
In Person: Find your local county clerk’s office here: https://elections.utah.gov/election-resources/county-clerks
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out.
Submit it.
https://votesearch.utah.gov/voter-search/search/search-by-voter/voter-infoPotential fines and imprisonmentInformation is not available.You can make changes to your voter information online here:https://secure.utah.gov/voterreg/login.html?selection=UPDATE
You can also do it by submitting a new voter registration application. 
VermontOnline: https://olvr.vermont.gov/
By MailDownload your application here: https://outside.vermont.gov/dept/sos/Elections%20Division/voters/voterapplication.pdf
Fill out the application and be sure to double check that the information is accurate.Find your local county clerk’s office here: https://sos.vermont.gov/elections/town-clerks/  Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it.
In PersonFind your local town or county clerk’s office here: https://sos.vermont.gov/elections/town-clerks/ Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out.
Submit it.
https://mvp.vermont.gov/Fines up to $10,000 and imprisonment up to 15 yearsVermont does not have voter registration cards. You can make changes to your voter information online here:
https://olvr.vermont.gov/
VirginiaOnline: https://www.elections.virginia.gov/citizen-portal/
By Mail: Download your application here: https://www.elections.virginia.gov/media/formswarehouse/veris-voter-registration/applications/Voter-Registration-Application.pdfFill out the application and be sure to double check that the information is accurate.
Find your local registrar’s office here: https://vote.elections.virginia.gov/VoterInformation/PublicContactLookup 
Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it.
In Person: Find your local voter registration office here:
https://vote.elections.virginia.gov/voterinformation/publiccontactlookup
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out.
Submit it.
https://vote.elections.virginia.gov/VoterInformation/Lookup/statusFines up to $2,000 and imprisonment up to 10 yearsYou will receive your voter registration card once your voter registration application is processed.
You can make changes to your voter information online here: https://vote.elections.virginia.gov/VoterInformation
You can also do it by submitting a new voter registration application. 
WashingtonOnline:
https://olvr.votewa.gov/
By Mail: Download your application here: https://www.sos.wa.gov/_assets/elections/vrf_print_2020_english.pdf
Fill out the application and be sure to double check that the information is accurate.
Find your county clerk’s office on page 2 of the application form.
Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it.
In Person: Find your local county elections office: https://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/auditors/
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out.
Submit it.
https://voter.votewa.gov/WhereToVote.aspxA Class C Felony with fines up to $10,000 and five years of imprisonmentYou will receive your voter registration card once your voter registration application is processed.You can make changes to your voter information online here:
https://voter.votewa.gov/WhereToVote.aspx
West VirginiaOnline: https://ovr.sos.wv.gov/Register/Landing
By Mail: Download your application here: https://sos.wv.gov/FormSearch/Elections/Voter/mail%20in%20voter%20registration%20application.pdf
Fill out the application and be sure to double check that the information is accurate.Find your county clerk’s office here: https://sos.wv.gov/elections/Pages/MuniContacts.aspx
Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it.
In Person: Find your local county clerk: https://sos.wv.gov/elections/Pages/MuniContacts.aspx
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out.
Submit it.
https://services.sos.wv.gov/Elections/Voter/AmIRegisteredToVotePotential imprisonment and finesYou will receive your voter registration card once your voter registration application is processed.
The quickest way to get it is by submitting your voter registration application in person at your local county clerk’s office.
You can make changes to your voter information online here: https://ovr.sos.wv.gov/Register/Landing
You can also do it by submitting a new voter registration application. 
WisconsinOnline:
https://myvote.wi.gov/en-US/VoterRegistration
By Mail: Download your application here: https://elections.wi.gov/forms/el-131-fillable 
Fill out the application and be sure to double check that the information is accurate.Find your municipal clerk’s office here: https://elections.wi.gov/sites/elections.wi.gov/files/2020-08/WI%20Municipal%20Clerks%20Updated%208-7-20.pdf 
Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it.
In Person: Find your municipal clerk’s office here: https://elections.wi.gov/sites/elections.wi.gov/files/2020-08/WI%20Municipal%20Clerks%20Updated%208-7-20.pdf 
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out.Submit it.
https://myvote.wi.gov/en-us/RegisterToVoteFines up to $10,000 and three years of imprisonmentWisconsin does not have voter registration cards but it does allow residents to get IDs specifically for voting.You can make changes to your voter information online here: https://myvote.wi.gov/en-us/UpdateMyNameorAddress
You can also do it by submitting a new voter registration application. 
WyomingBy Mail: Download your application here: https://sos.wyo.gov/Forms/Elections/General/VoterRegistrationForm.pdf
Fill out the application and be sure to double check that the information is accurate.Find your county clerk’s office on the application.Print out the completed application, add a stamp to your envelope and mail it.
In Person: Find your local county clerk here: https://sos.wyo.gov/Elections/Docs/WYCountyClerks.pdf
Visit the office to obtain an application and fill it out.
Submit it.
Contact your local county elections office.Potential fines and imprisonmentInformation is not available.You can make changes to your voter information by submitting a new voter registration application. 

Election Calendars by State & Territory 

To view the election calendar for your state or territory, see the list below. For local contact information, refer to your location in the section called “Voter Registration Information by State and Territory” beginning on this guide. 

Location
Alabamahttps://www.sos.alabama.gov/alabama-votes/voter/upcoming-elections 
Alaskahttps://www.elections.alaska.gov/Core/electioncalendar.php 
American Samoahttps://aselectionoffice.gov/node/9 
Arizonahttps://azsos.gov/elections/elections-calendar-upcoming-events 
Arkansashttps://www.sos.arkansas.gov/elections/voter-information/2022-election-dates/
Californiahttps://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/upcoming-elections/ 
Coloradohttps://www.sos.state.co.us/pubs/elections/calendars/2022ElectionCalendar.pdf
Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islandshttps://www.votecnmi.gov.mp/downloads/election/2020/Important_Dates.pdf
Connecticuthttps://portal.ct.gov/SOTS/Election-Services/Calendars/Election-Calendars 
Delawarehttps://elections.delaware.gov/calendars.shtml 
District of Columbiahttps://www.dcboe.org/Elections/2020-Elections 
Floridahttps://dos.myflorida.com/elections/for-voters/election-dates/ 
Georgiahttps://sos.ga.gov/index.php/elections/elections_and_voter_registration_calendars 
Guamhttps://gec.guam.gov/index.php/gec-2018-election-important-dates 
Hawaiihttps://elections.hawaii.gov/about-us/calendar/ 
Idahohttps://sos.idaho.gov/elections-division/calendars/
Illinoishttps://elections.il.gov/Default.aspx
Indianahttps://www.in.gov/sos/elections/files/2022-Calendar-Brochure.FINAL.pdf
Iowahttps://sos.iowa.gov/elections/electioninfo/3yrelectioncal.html
Kansashttps://sos.ks.gov/elections/elections.html
Kentuckyhttps://elect.ky.gov/Resources/Documents/2020%20Election%20Calendar%20with%20Primary%20Postponement.pdf
Louisianahttps://www.sos.la.gov/ElectionsAndVoting/PublishedDocuments/ElectionsCalendar2022.pdf
Mainehttps://www.maine.gov/sos/cec/elec/upcoming/index.html
Marylandhttps://msa.maryland.gov/msa/mdmanual/41electp/html/forth.html
Massachusettshttps://www.sec.state.ma.us/CalendarWeb/Pages/MonthWeekCalendar.aspx
Michiganhttps://www.michigan.gov/documents/sos/2022_Election_Dates_Booklet_738675_7.pdf
Minnesotahttps://www.sos.state.mn.us/election-administration-campaigns/elections-calendar/
Mississippihttps://www.sos.ms.gov/sites/default/files/election_and_voting/2021_Website_Calendar.pdf
Missourihttps://www.sos.mo.gov/elections/calendar/
Montanahttps://sosmt.gov/wp-content/uploads/2022-Primary_and_General_Election_Calendar-11-22-21.pdf
Nebraskahttps://sos.nebraska.gov/sites/sos.nebraska.gov/files/doc/elections/2022/2022%20Election%20Calendar.pdf
Nevadahttps://www.nvsos.gov/sos/elections/2022-election-information
New Hampshirehttps://sos.nh.gov/elections/elections/election-dates/
New Jerseyhttps://nj.gov/state/elections/election-chronological-timelines.shtml
New Mexicohttps://www.sos.state.nm.us/voting-and-elections/upcoming-elections/
New Yorkhttps://www.elections.ny.gov/NYSBOE/law/2021PoliticalCalendar.pdf
North Carolinahttps://www.ncsbe.gov/current-sbe-events
North Dakotahttps://vip.sos.nd.gov/PortalListDetails.aspx?search=deadline&ptlPKID=7&ptlhPKID=126
Ohiohttps://www.ohiosos.gov/publications/2022-elections-calendar/
Oklahomahttps://oklahoma.gov/content/dam/ok/en/elections/dates-and-deadlines/2022-voter-information-calendar.pdf
Oregonhttps://sos.oregon.gov/elections/Documents/current-elections-calendar.pdf
Pennsylvaniahttps://www.votespa.com/About-Elections/Pages/Upcoming-Elections.aspx
Puerto Ricohttp://ww2.ceepur.org/Home/Calendario
Rhode Islandhttps://vote.sos.ri.gov/Voter/VoterCalendar
South Carolinahttps://www.scvotes.gov/sites/default/files/2021-11-22.pdf
South Dakotahttps://sdsos.gov/elections-voting/upcoming-elections/general-information/default.aspx
Tennesseehttps://sos.tn.gov/products/elections/2022-election-calendar
Texashttps://www.sos.state.tx.us/elections/voter/important-election-dates.shtml#2020
U.S. Virgin Islandshttps://www.vivote.gov/calendar
Utahhttps://voteinfo.utah.gov/election-dates-deadlines/
Vermonthttps://sos.vermont.gov/elections-calendar/
Virginiahttps://www.elections.virginia.gov/casting-a-ballot/calendars-schedules/
Washingtonhttps://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/calendar.aspx
West Virginiahttps://sos.wv.gov/elections/Documents/West%20Virginia%20Election%20Calendar.pdf
Wisconsinhttps://elections.wi.gov/calendar 
Wyominghttps://sos.wyo.gov/Elections/Docs/2022/2022_Key_Election_Dates.pdf

Voter Registration Information by State And Territory

Alabama

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A U.S. citizen
  • An Alabama resident 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. You must then apply for a “Certificate of Eligibility to Register to Vote.” You can find more information by calling the Alabama Board of Pardons at 334-353-7771 or visiting their website here: https://paroles.alabama.gov/

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared “mentally incompetent” by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://www.alabamainteractive.org/sos/voter_registration/voterRegistrationWelcome.action

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting options. 

Where to Check Voter Status

https://myinfo.alabamavotes.gov/VoterView/RegistrantSearch.do

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

The Absentee Election Manager must receive your absentee ballot application by the 5th day before Election Day.

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

If submitting by mail, the absentee ballot must be postmarked no later than the day before election day. The Absentee Election Manager office must receive your mail-in absentee ballot no later than noon on election day. 

If hand delivered, you must submit your ballot to the Absentee Election Manager office by 5 p.m. on the day prior to the election. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: Alabama driver’s license, U.S. passport, voter photo ID card.)

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

  1. Visit https://myinfo.alabamavotes.gov/VoterView/PollingPlaceSearch.do.
  2. Search for your polling place by voter information or residence address.
  3. Fill in the boxes and click “Search.”
Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

https://www.sos.alabama.gov/contact

State Contact Information

Phone: 334-242-7210 / 1 (800) 274-8683
Fax: 334-242-2444

Office of the Secretary of State Elections Division
PO Box 5616
Montgomery, AL 36103

Alaska

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A U.S. citizen
  • An Alaska resident 
  • At least 18 years of age or within 90 days of your 18th birthday. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared “mentally incompetent” by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://voterregistration.alaska.gov/

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail, fax, email or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting options. 

Where to Check Voter Status

https://myvoterinformation.alaska.gov/

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

When requesting an absentee ballot, your application must reach the Alaska Division of Elections no later than 10 days before Election Day.

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your ballot must be postmarked on or before Election Day.

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

  • Visit https://absenteeballotapplication.alaska.gov/
    • Option 1: Submit the request online.
    • Option 2: Download and fill out the request form, then mail it to the Alaska Division of Elections office. 
    • Option 3: Send your application via email or fax to the office. 
How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: Alaska driver’s license, U.S. passport, voter ID card)

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

  1. Visit https://myvoterinformation.alaska.gov/
  2. Log into your account to look up your polling place.

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations

http://www.elections.alaska.gov/Core/AKVoteEarly.php

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

http://www.elections.alaska.gov/Core/contactusandsitemap.php

American Samoa

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • An American Samoa resident
  • A U.S. citizen
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

You must register at least 30 days before Election Day.

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

Mail your voter registration application to the American Samoa Government here: https://aselectionoffice.gov/Forms%20for%20dl/EO-01.pdf 

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://aselectionoffice.gov/status.php

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

In American Samoa, your request must be received no later than 4:30 p.m. the day before Election Day.

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

In American Samoa, your ballot must be returned no later than 1:30 p.m. on Election Day.

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://aselectionoffice.gov/node/6 

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: U.S. passport, voter ID card)

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://aselectionoffice.gov/status.php

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

P.O. Box 3970
Pago Pago, American Samoa 96799

Phone: 1-684-699-3570
1-684-699-3571
Fax: 1-684-699-3574

Arizona

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A U.S. citizen
  • An Arizona resident 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been adjudicated incapacitated by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://servicearizona.com/VoterRegistration/selectLanguage

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting options. 

Where to Check Voter Status

https://my.arizona.vote/PortalList.aspx

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

11 days before Election Day

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your ballot-by-mail must reach the Arizona Secretary of State office by 7 p.m. on Election Day. You may return it by mail or in person.

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

  • Visit: https://azsos.gov/votebymail.
    • Option 1: Request the ballot online.  
    • Option 2: Contact your county recorder via telephone or email.
    • Option 3: Submit a written request.
How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: Arizona driver’s license, U.S. passport, tribal identification card)

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

  1. Visit https://my.arizona.vote/WhereToVote.aspx?s=address
  2. Find your voting location by providing your residential address.

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations

https://azsos.gov/county-election-info

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Office of the Secretary of State
Elections Division
1700 W Washington St Fl 7
Phoenix, AZ 85007-2808

Phone: 602-542-8683
1-877-THE VOTE (toll-free in Arizona)

Arkansas

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A U.S. citizen
  • An Arkansas resident 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared “mentally incompetent” by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

By mail by filling out this application (https://www.sos.arkansas.gov/uploads/elections/ArkansasVoterRegistrationApplication.pdf) and submitting it to Arkansas Secretary of State office. 

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting options. 

Where to Check Voter Status

https://www.voterview.ar-nova.org/voterview

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

Your deadline for requesting an absentee ballot will depend on the method you choose. If requesting in person, you must do so no later than the day before Election Day. Requests made by mail or email must be done seven days before Election Day. 

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

In Person: One day before Election Day

By Mail: Must be received at clerk’s office by 7:30 p.m. on election day.

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: Arkansas driver’s license, U.S. passport, accredited Arkansas college ID)

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

  1. Visit https://www.voterview.ar-nova.org/voterview
  2. Fill in your information and click on “Look Up.”

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations

https://www.sos.arkansas.gov/elections/voter-information/2022-election-dates/

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Phone: 501-682-5070/ (800) 482-1127

Arkansas Secretary of State
State Capitol, Suite 256
500 Woodlane Avenue
Little Rock, AR 72201

California

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A U.S. citizen
  • A California resident 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day. 

You must register to vote at least 15 days before Election Day. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. Find out more information about your voting rights if you have a criminal history here: https://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/voting-resources/voting-california/who-can-vote-california/voting-rights-californians/

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

Who can pre-register to vote?

To pre-register to vote, you must be between 16 and 17 years of age and meet all other requirements regarding citizenship, residency, criminal history and mental capacity.

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://covr.sos.ca.gov/

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person at your local County Elections office. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting options. 

Where to Check Voter Status

https://voterstatus.sos.ca.gov/

https://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/registration-status/

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Due to the pandemic caused by the COVID-19 virus, California will automatically send all registered voters a mail-in ballot. As such, requesting an absentee ballot will only be necessary if you are currently overseas. 

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

If requesting by mail, vote-by-mail applications must be received no later than 7 days before Election Day. After that deadline, you can only apply for an absentee ballot in person at your local County Elections office.

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

If submitting by mail, your ballot must be postmarked on or before Election Day and delivered no later than 17 days after Election Day. If delivering your ballot in person, you must do so by 8 p.m. on Election Day.

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: a California driver’s license, U.S. passport, student ID)

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

  1. Visit: https://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/polling-place/
  2. Enter your address and click “Search.”

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations

https://caearlyvoting.sos.ca.gov/

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Phone: (916) 657-2166
Fax: (916) 653-3214

Elections Division
1500 11th Street, 5th Floor
Sacramento, CA 95814

Colorado

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:  

  • A U.S. citizen
  • A Colorado resident for at least 22 days immediately before Election Day
  • At least 18 years of age on or before election day.

You can register to vote through Election Day. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. Find out more information about your voting rights if you have a criminal history here: https://www.sos.state.co.us/pubs/elections/FAQs/VotingAndConviction.html

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

Who can pre-register to vote?

To pre-register to vote, you must be between at least 16 years of age and meet all other requirements regarding citizenship, residency, criminal history and mental capacity.

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://www.sos.state.co.us/voter/pages/pub/olvr/verifyNewVoter.xhtml

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail, by fax, by email or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://www.sos.state.co.us/voter/pages/pub/olvr/findVoterReg.xhtml

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

If you are registered to vote by the 8th day before Election Day, the Colorado Secretary of State office will automatically send you a mail ballot. Otherwise, you must submit an application by mail, at a voter registration agency or at a local driver’s license examination facility through the 8th day before election day. 

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your ballot must be received no later than 7 p.m. on Election Day whether submitting by mail or in person. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

  • At least 8 days before Election Day, verify that you are registered to vote and check your address on file. If everything is correct, you will receive one in the mail.
  • If you only have a week before Election Day, contact your local county clerk to request a ballot.
How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of identification (Ex: a Colorado driver’s license, U.S. passport, voter ID card, utility bill from last 60 days with with voter’s name and address)

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

  1. Visit: https://www.sos.state.co.us/pubs/elections/Resources/CountyElectionOffices.html
  2. Click on your county. 
Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Colorado Department of State
1700 Broadway Suite 200
Denver, CO 80290

Phone: 303-894-2200
Fax: 303-869-4861

Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A CNMI resident in your jurisdiction for at least 120 days
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day. 

You must register at least 60 days before Election Day.

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

Using the application (found here: https://www.votecnmi.gov.mp/downloads/registration_package-f.pdf) to the Commonwealth Election Commission.

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting options. 

Where to Check Voter Status

https://www.votecnmi.gov.mp/voter/are-you-registered-to-vote

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

In CNMI, your request must be received no later than 25 days before Election Day.

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Information is not available online. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: a CNMI driver’s license, U.S. passport, voter ID card)

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

The Commonwealth Election Commission
P.O. Box 500470
Saipan, MP 96950-0470

Phone: 670-235-8683
Fax: 670-664-8689

Connecticut

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A U.S. citizen
  • A Connecticut resident 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day

You can register through Election Day at designated locations from 6 a.m. to 8 p.m. Find the Election Day Registration (EDR) locations here: https://portal.ct.gov/SOTS/Election-Services/Election-Day-Registration/EDR-Location-Page

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. Find out more information about your voting rights if you have a criminal history here: https://portal.ct.gov/-/media/SOTS/ElectionServices/HAVA/HavaPDF/TheUltimateFreedompdf.pdf

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://voterregistration.ct.gov/OLVR/welcome.do

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting options. 

Where to Check Voter Status

https://portaldir.ct.gov/sots/LookUp.aspx

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

7 days before an election. If it is within 6 days of the election, you must complete an Emergency Application for Absentee Ballot form instead.

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Absentee ballots must be received by the close of polls, 8 p.m. on election day.

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

How to Vote

What to Bring

Identification does not have to have a photo. If it does not have a photo, it must have your name and signature or name and address (Ex.: driver’s license, credit card with your name and signature, utility bill with your name and address). 

If you do not have a form of ID, you may sign an affidavit at the polls instead.

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

  1. Visit: https://portaldir.ct.gov/sots/LookUp.aspx
  2. Fill in your information and click “Search.”
Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Office of the Secretary of the State State of Connecticut
165 Capitol Avenue
Hartford, CT 06106

Phone: (860) 509-6200

Delaware

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A U.S. citizen
  • A Delaware resident 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored.  Find out more information about your voting rights if you have a criminal history here: https://elections.delaware.gov/voter/felons.shtml

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://ivote.de.gov/voterview/registrant/newregistrant

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting options. 

Where to Check Voter Status

https://ivote.de.gov/voterview

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

You have until the 4th day before Election Day to submit your application. 

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your ballot must be received no later than 8 p.m. on Election Day whether submitting by mail or in person. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of identification with photo or signature (Ex: a Delaware driver’s license, U.S. passport, signed vehicle registration). If you do not have ID, you can fill out a form at the polling location instead.

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

  1. Visit: https://ivote.de.gov/voterview
  2. Scroll down to “Polling Location Search” and enter your residential address. 
  3. Click on “View Locations.”
Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

905 S. Governors Ave Ste 170
Dover, DE 19904

Phone: (302) 739-4277
Fax: (302) 739-6794

District of Columbia

State website: https://www.dcboe.org

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be: 

  • A District of Columbia resident for at least 30 days leading up to Election Day
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

You must register to vote at least 21 days before an election. However, if you miss that date, you can register in person up until Election Day. 

Who can pre-register?

You must be at least 17 years of age to pre-register to vote. 

Felony Restrictions

The District of Columbia permits all individuals with felony convictions, including those who are currently incarcerated or serving a sentence, to vote, as long as they meet the requirements listed above. All citizens who are convicted of a felony retain their right to vote.

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://forms.dc.gov/f/DC_Voter_Registration_Form

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail, fax or email. Download the application form and submit it to the D.C. Board of Elections. Find the application form here: https://www.dcboe.org/dcboe/media/PDFFiles/Voter-Registration-Form-FINAL_2.pdf

Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options. 

Where to Check Voter Status

https://www.dcboe.org/Voters/Register-To-Vote/Check-Voter-Registration-Status

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

Requests for mail-in ballots must be received no later than the 15th day before each election.

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your absentee ballot must be postmarked on or before Election Day and received no later than the tenth day after Election Day. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://dcboe.org/Voters/Absentee-Voting/Request-an-Absentee-Ballot

  • Option 1: Download the absentee ballot request form and mail, fax email or hand deliver your request to the D.C. Board of Elections. Get the request form here: https://dcboe.org/Data-Resources-Forms/Forms-and-Resources/AbsenteeBallotRequestForm.aspx
  • Option 3: Contact your local elections office and submit the following information: 
    • o Your name
    • o The election(s) for which you are requesting a ballot
    • o The address at which you are registered
    • o Your current address (if different from above)
    • o Your contact information (telephone number and/or email address)
    • o Your date of birth
    • o Mailing address to which the ballot should be sent
    • o Your original signature
How to Vote

What to Bring

Depending on when you register, you may need to show proof of residence at the polls. The document must have your name and address (Ex.: a District of Columbia driver’s license, bank statement from the last 90 days, utility bill from the last 90 days)., 

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Florida

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A U.S. citizen
  • A Florida resident 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day. 

You must register to vote at least 29 days before Election Day.

Who can pre-register to vote?

You must be at least 16 years of age to pre-register to vote in Florida. However, you must be 18 years old by Election Day to vote.

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. For more information, visit the Florida Commission on Offender Review here: https://www.fcor.state.fl.us/index.shtml 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared “mentally incompetent” by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://registertovoteflorida.gov/

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://registration.elections.myflorida.com/CheckVoterStatus

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

You have until 5 p.m. on the 10th day before the election date to submit an absentee ballot application by mail. You may instead pick up a ballot through Election Day.

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

The Florida Division of Election must receive your ballot by 7 p.m. on Election Day for your vote to be counted.

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification with a signature (Ex: Florida driver’s license, U.S. passport, concealed weapons permit).

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://registration.elections.myflorida.com/CheckVoterStatus

Find Early Voting Information

Contact your County Supervisor of Elections: https://dos.elections.myflorida.com/supervisors/

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Department of State, Division of Elections
Director’s Office Room 316,
R.A. Gray Building
500 South Bronough Street
Tallahassee, Florida 32399-0250

Phone: 850-245-6200 (Director’s Office)
Voter Assistance Hotline: 1-866-308-6739

Georgia

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A U.S. citizen
  • A Georgia resident 
  • At least 17 and one-half years of age.

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://registertovote.sos.ga.gov/GAOLVR/welcometoga.do#no-back-button

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://www.mvp.sos.ga.gov/MVP/mvp.do

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

You have until the end of business day on the last Friday before Election Day to request your absentee ballot. 

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your ballot must be received no later than 7 p.m. on Election Day whether submitting by mail or in person. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

  1. Visit https://georgia.gov/vote-absentee-ballot
  2. Option 1: Submit your ballot request here: https://sos.ga.gov/index.php/Elections/absentee_voting_in_georgia
  3. Download the application (https://sos.ga.gov/admin/files/Absentee%20Ballot%20Fillable%20form%20820.pdf) and submit it by mail, by fax or in person.
How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: a Georgia driver’s license, valid U.S. passport, valid U.S. military photo ID.)

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

  1. Visit: https://www.mvp.sos.ga.gov/MVP/mvp.do
  2. Log in to the MVP portal by entering your first initial, last name, county and date of birth.

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations

https://www.mvp.sos.ga.gov/MVP/mvp.do

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

214 State Capitol
Atlanta, GA 30334

Phone: (844) 753-7825
Fax: (404) 463-5231

Guam    

State website: https://gec.guam.gov

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A Guam resident
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

You must register at least 10 days before Election Day.

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://gec.guam.gov/register/

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail and in person at the Guam Election Commission office. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://gec.guam.gov/validate/

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

In Guam, your request must be received by 5 p.m. four days before Election Day. 

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

In Guam, your ballot must be received by the end of the day on Election Day. If returning it by mail, it must be postmarked by Election Day and received no later than 10 days after the election. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: a state-issued license, U.S. passport,)

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Guam Election Commission
414 West Soledad Avenue
GCIC Bldg. 2nd Floor, Suite 200
Hagatna, GU 96910

Phone: +1-671-477-9791

Secondary address:
P.O. Box BG
Hagåtña, Guam 96932

Hawaii

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A U.S. citizen
  • A Hawaii resident 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://olvr.hawaii.gov/

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options. 

Who Can Pre-Register

You must be at least 16 years of age to pre-register in Hawaii and meet all other requirements listed above. 

Where to Check Voter Status

https://olvr.hawaii.gov/

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

In Hawaii, all registered voters receive a mail ballot approximately 18 days before Election Day. 

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your ballot must be received no later than 7 p.m. on Election Day whether submitting by mail or in person.

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

  • Contact your local clerk’s office if you do not receive a ballot in the mail.
How to Vote

What to Bring

If you are registering to vote for the first time and mailing your application, you will need to provide a copy of a current and valid photo identification or an acceptable document that shows your name and address (Ex.: a current utility bill, bank statement, paycheck). 

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

Because all registered voters will receive a ballot by mail, there are no traditional polling places. However, you can visit a Voter Service Center to register or vote in person: https://elections.hawaii.gov/voter-service-centers-and-places-of-deposit/

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Office of Elections
802 Lehua Avenue
Pearl City, Hawaii 96782

Phone: (808) 453- 8683 Fax: (808) 453-6006

Idaho

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A U.S. citizen
  • An Idaho resident for at least 30 days leading up to Election Day 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://elections.sos.idaho.gov/ElectionLink/ElectionLink/ApplicationInstructions.aspx

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://elections.sos.idaho.gov/ElectionLink/ElectionLink/VoterSearch.aspx

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your ballot must be received no later than 8 p.m. on Election Day for both primary and general elections. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://idahovotes.gov/absentee-voter-information/

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: an Idaho driver’s license, U.S. passport, current Idaho student federal ID). If you do not have an acceptable form of photo identification, you may sign an affidavit instead.

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://elections.sos.idaho.gov/ElectionLink/ElectionLink/ViewPollingLocation.aspx

Early Voting Instructions 

Early voting guidelines will vary by county. Contact your local county clerk office here for more information on how to vote early: https://idahovotes.gov/county-clerks/

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Physical Address: 700 W. Jefferson St., Room E205
Boise, ID 83720-0080
Mailing Address: P.O. Box 83720
Boise, ID 83720-0080

Phone: (208) 334-2852

Illinois

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A U.S. citizen
  • An Illinois resident for at least 30 days leading up to Election Day 
  • At least 18 years of age by the General Election Day. 

If you meet these requirements, you are able to vote in the Primary Election if you are age 17 or older.

You must register to vote at least 29 days before Election Day. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://ova.elections.il.gov/Step0.aspx

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting options. 

Where to Check Voter Status

https://ova.elections.il.gov/RegistrationLookup.aspx

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your mail-in ballot must be postmarked no later than Election Day for both primary and general election and received within 14 days of the election. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://elections.il.gov/electionoperations/VotingByMail.aspx

How to Vote

What to Bring

In certain situations, you may need to provide an acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: an Illinois driver’s license, U.S. passport, school or work ID). Learn more about Illinois voter ID requirements here: https://www.cookcountyclerk.com/service/when-voters-do-and-dont-need-identification-id

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://ova.elections.il.gov/PollingPlaceLookup.aspx

Early Voting Locations and Information

https://www.elections.il.gov/VotingAndRegistrationSystems/EarlyVotingLocationsSearch.aspx?MID=A3RIOjKplz4%3d&T=637296510235119883

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Springfield Office

2329 S. MacArthur Blvd.
Springfield, IL 62704

Phone: (217) 782-4141
Fax: (217) 782-5959

Chicago Office

100 W. Randolph
Suite 14-100
Chicago, IL 60601

Phone: (312) 814-6440
Fax: (312) 814-6485

Indiana

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • An Indiana resident for at least 30 days leading up to Election Day
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by the next General Election Day.

You must register to vote at least 29 days before an election.

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://indianavoters.in.gov/

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person.Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting options. 

Where to Check Voter Status

https://indianavoters.in.gov/

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

12 days before an election

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your absentee ballot must be received by your local county election officials by noon on  Election Day. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: in.gov/sos/elections/2402.htm 

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: government-issued ID, U.S. passport). Learn more about Indiana voter ID requirements here: https://www.in.gov/sos/elections/2401.htm

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://indianavoters.in.gov/

Early Voting Instructions 

https://www.in.gov/idr/voteearly.htm

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Office of Elections
802 Lehua Avenue
Pearl City, Hawaii 96782

Phone: (808) 453- 8683
Fax: (808) 453-6006

Iowa

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • An Iowa resident
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by General Election Day. 

You may vote in the Primary at age 17 if you meet these requirements.

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. Learn more about how to restore your voting rights here: https://sos.iowa.gov/elections/voterinformation/restorerights.html

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://mymvd.iowadot.gov/Account/Login?ReturnUrl=%2fVoterRegistration

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://sos.iowa.gov/elections/voterreg/regtovote/search.aspx

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

Written requests for mailed absentee ballots must be received by your County Auditor no later than 5 p.m. on the 15th day before an election.

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your absentee ballot must be received by your County Auditor no later than 5 p.m. on the 10th day before a General Election or the 11th day before any other election. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://sos.iowa.gov/elections/electioninfo/absenteeinfo.html

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: an Iowa driver’s license, U.S. passport, Iowa voter ID card). Learn more about Iowa voter ID requirements here: https://sos.iowa.gov/elections/voterinformation/voterIDfaq.html

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://sos.iowa.gov/elections/voterreg/pollingplace/search.aspx

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations 

In Iowa, early voting is done through absentee voting and starts 29 days before Election Day. If you choose this option, you can vote at your County Auditor’s office: https://sos.iowa.gov/elections/auditors/auditorslist.html

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Iowa Secretary of State Office
First Floor,
Lucas Building 321 E. 12th St.
Des Moines, IA 50319

Phone: (515) 281-0145
or 1 (888)-SOS-VOTE
Fax: 515-281-4682

Kansas

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be: 

  • A Kansas resident
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

You must register to vote at least 21 days before Election Day.

Who can pre-register?

You must be at least 17 years of age to pre-register to vote and be 18 years of age by the next election. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. Learn more about it here: https://sos.ks.gov/Pubs/Elections/Guides/English/Voting-and-Felony-Convictions-Guide.pdf 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://www.kdor.ks.gov/apps/voterreg/default.aspx

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://myvoteinfo.voteks.org/VoterView/

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

In Kansas, you must request your absentee ballot no later than seven days before Election Day. 

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your absentee ballot must be received in the county election office by the close of business on the Friday after Election Day. If sending by mail, it must be postmarked by Election Day. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Find your county election office contact information here: https://sos.ks.gov/elections/county_election_officers.aspx

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of valid photo identification (Ex: a Kansas driver’s license, U.S. passport, U.S. Military ID). Learn more about photo ID requirements here: https://sos.ks.gov/Pubs/Elections/Guides/English/Photo-ID-101-Guide.pdf

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://myvoteinfo.voteks.org/voterview

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations 

In Kansas, early voting is done through in-person advance voting and starts up to 20 days before an election. To learn more about advance voting locations, contact your local election office. Find your local office here: https://sos.ks.gov/elections/county_election_officers.aspx

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Kansas Secretary of State
Memorial Hall, 1st Floor
120 SW 10th Avenue
Topeka, KS 66612-1594

Phone: 785-296-4561

Kentucky

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be: 

  • A Kentucky resident for at least 28 days before the election
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by the next General Election. 

You may vote in a Primary election at 17 years of age if you will be 18 years of age by the General Election date.

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://vrsws.sos.ky.gov/ovrweb/

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options. 

Where to Check Voter Status

https://vrsws.sos.ky.gov/VIC/

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your absentee ballot must be postmarked by Election Day. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: a Kentucky driver’s license, U.S. passport, military ID). Learn more about acceptable forms of voter identification here: https://elect.ky.gov/Frequently-Asked-Questions/Documents/SB%202%20FAQ.pdf

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://www.sos.ky.gov/elections/Pages/Polling-Locations.aspx

Early Voting Dates and Locations 

To learn about early voting locations in your county, contact your county clerk’s website: https://elect.ky.gov/About-Us/Pages/County-Clerks.aspx 

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Louisiana

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be: 

  • A Louisiana resident
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

You must be registered at least 20 days before an election if registering online and at least 30 days before if doing so in person or by mail.

Who can pre-register?

You must be at least 16 years of age to register to vote in Louisiana. However, you will not be allowed to vote until you reach 18 years of age. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://www.sos.la.gov/ElectionsAndVoting/Pages/OnlineVoterRegistration.aspx?Referrer=https://www.sos.la.gov/ElectionsAndVoting/RegisterToVote/Pages/default.aspx

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://voterportal.sos.la.gov/

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

In Louisiana, your deadline to request an absentee ballot will depend on the type of application you are filling out. Registered voters requesting a general absentee ballot or one for disabled voters must request it no later than 4:30 p.m. Central Standard Time (CST) on the 4th day before Election Day. Military members, hospitalized voters and overseas citizens have until 4:30 p.m. CST on the day before Election Day.

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your ballot must be received by 4:30 p.m. CST no later than the day before Election Day. However, if you are overseas, hospitalized or in the military, your ballot must be received by 8 p.m. CST on Election Day.

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://www.sos.la.gov/ElectionsAndVoting/Vote/VoteByMail/Pages/default.aspx

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: a Louisiana driver’s license, U.S. military ID, U.S. passport). If you do not have an acceptable form of identification, you may sign an affidavit instead.

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://voterportal.sos.la.gov/

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations 

As a registered voter in Louisiana, you can vote early up to 15 days before Election Day. https://voterportal.sos.la.gov/earlyvoting

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Elections Division
8585 Archives Ave.
Baton Rouge, LA 70809

Phone: (225) 922-0900
Fax: (225) 922-0945

Maine

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A Maine resident
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

There is NO deadline to register to vote in person at your local town office or city hall. However, if registering by mail or at a registration drive, you must do so no later than 21 days before Election Day.

Who can pre-register?

You must be at least 16 years of age to pre-register to vote. However, you will not be able to vote in a Referendum or General Election until you are 18 years of age. You may vote in a Primary Election if you are 17 years of age and will be 18 years of age by the General Election day.  

Felony Restrictions

Maine permits all individuals with felony convictions, including those who are currently incarcerated or serving a sentence, to vote, as long as they meet the requirements listed above. All citizens who are convicted of a felony retain their right to vote.

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://www.maine.gov/sos/cec/elec/upcoming/pdf/voterregcard20.pdf

Other Ways to Register 

You can also contact your town clerk to have a voter registration form mailed to you. Refer to page X for more information on your voting registration options. 

Where to Check Voter Status

To find out about your voter status, contact your local municipal election official. Find contact information here: https://www.maine.gov/sos/cec/elec/munic.html

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your absentee ballot must be received by 8 p.m. on Election Day.

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://www.maine.gov/cgi-bin/online/AbsenteeBallot/index.pl 

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: a Maine driver’s license, U.S. passport, military ID)

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://www1.maine.gov/portal/government/edemocracy/voter_lookup.php

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Bureau of Corporations, Elections and Commissions
101 State House Station
Augusta, ME 04333-0101

Phone:(207) 624-7650
Fax: (207) 287-5428

Maryland

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A Maryland resident
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 16 years of age.

Who can pre-register?

You must be at least 16 years of age to pre-register to vote in Maryland. However, you will not be allowed to vote until you are at least 18 years of age by the next general election. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://voterservices.elections.maryland.gov/OnlineVoterRegistration/InstructionsStep1

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options. 

Where to Check Voter Status

https://voterservices.elections.maryland.gov/VoterSearch

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

You must submit your absentee ballot by mail or hand delivery. It must be received by 8 p.m on Election Day if submitting by hand and postmarked no later than Election Day if submitting by mail. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://elections.maryland.gov/voting/absentee.html

Find local boards of elections contact information here: https://elections.maryland.gov/about/county_boards.html

How to Vote

What to Bring

Certain voters may have to present an acceptable form of photo ID (Ex: a Maryland driver’s license, student ID card, U.S. passport).

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://voterservices.elections.maryland.gov/PollingPlaceSearch

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations 

https://elections.maryland.gov/voting/early_voting_sites.html

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Maryland State Board of Elections
Annapolis, MD 21401

Phone: (410) 269-2840
Fax: (410) 974-2019
(410) 974-5415
(410) 974-5126

Massachusetts

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A Massachusetts resident
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 16 years of age.

The registration deadline is normally 20 days before an election.

Who can pre-register?

You must be at least 16 years of age to pre-register to vote. However, you must be 18 years of age by Election Day to vote. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://www.sec.state.ma.us/ovr/

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://www.sec.state.ma.us/VoterRegistrationSearch/MyVoterRegStatus.aspx

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

In Massachusetts, your ballot request must be received in writing at least four business days before Election Day. 

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Typically, ballots must be received by the close of polls on Election Day. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/eleabsentee/absidx.htm

Find your local election office contact information here: https://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/eleev/ev-find-my-election-office.htm

How to Vote

What to Bring

Certain voters may be required to present an acceptable form of identification with their name and address (Ex: a Massachusetts driver’s license, recent utility bill, rent receipt). Learn more about Massachusetts voter identification requirements here: https://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/eleidreq/idrequirementsidx.htm

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://www.sec.state.ma.us/WhereDoIVoteMA/bal/MyElectionInfo.aspx

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations 

https://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/eleev/evidx.htm

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Secretary of the Commonwealth
Elections Division McCormack
Building One Ashburton Place, Room 1705
Boston, MA 02108

Phone: 1 (800) 462-8683
Fax:
(617) 742-3238

Michigan

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be: 

  • A Michigan resident for at least 30 days
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

The deadline to register to vote is 15 days before Election Day for online or mail applications (must be postmarked by 15th day for mail).

Who can pre-register?

You must be at least 17 and a half years of age to pre-register to vote. However, you must turn 18 years of age by Election Day to vote.

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://mvic.sos.state.mi.us/RegisterVoter

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://mvic.sos.state.mi.us/Voter/Index

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

In Michigan, your absentee ballot request must be received by 5 p.m. on the Friday before Election Day. If you are already registered at your current address, you may request an absentee ballot in person up until 4 p.m. on the day before Election Day.

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your absentee ballot must be received by 8 p.m. on Election Day.

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://www.michigan.gov/sos/0,4670,7-127-1633_8716_8728-21037–,00.html 

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: a state-issued gov. Id, U.S. passport, voter ID card, military ID with photo, student ID with photo, tribal ID card). If you do not have an ID with you, you may sign a form at the polls instead. Learn more here: https://www.michigan.gov/sos/0,4670,7-127-1633_8716-178123–,00.html

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://mvic.sos.state.mi.us/Voter/Index

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations 

You must apply for an absentee ballot in order to vote early. Learn more here: https://www.michigan.gov/documents/sos/Vote_Early_702122_7.pdf

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Michigan Department of State
Bureau of Elections
PO Box 20126
Lansing, MI 48901-0726

Michigan Secretary of State contact form: https://mdossupport.happyfox.com/new

Phone: (517) 335-3234
Fax: (517) 335-3235

Clerk contact information: https://mvic.sos.state.mi.us/Voter/Index

Minnesota

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A Minnesota resident for at least 20 days
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

You may register at your polling place through Election Day. 

Who can pre-register?

You must be at least 17 years of age to pre-register to vote in Minnesota. However, to vote in the next election, you must be 18 years of age by Election Day. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://mnvotes.sos.state.mn.us/VoterRegistration/VoterRegistrationMain.aspx

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://mnvotes.sos.state.mn.us/VoterStatus.aspx

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

In Minnesota, you have until the end of day before Election Day to request your absentee ballot.

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

If delivering your ballot in person, you must submit it by 3 p.m. on Election day.

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://www.sos.state.mn.us/elections-voting/other-ways-to-vote/vote-early-by-mail/

Find the contact information for your county election office here: https://www.sos.state.mn.us/elections-voting/find-county-election-office/

How to Vote

What to Bring

If you need to register or update your registration on Election Day, you will need to present an acceptable form of identification with your current name and address. Learn more about Minnesota’s voter ID requirements here: https://www.sos.state.mn.us/elections-voting/register-to-vote/register-on-election-day/

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://pollfinder.sos.state.mn.us/

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations 

Early Voting in Person

https://www.sos.state.mn.us/elections-voting/other-ways-to-vote/vote-early-in-person/

Early Voting by Mail

https://www.sos.state.mn.us/elections-voting/other-ways-to-vote/vote-early-by-mail/

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

180 State Office Building
100 Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd.
Saint Paul, MN 55155

Metro Area: (651) 215-1440
Greater MN: 1 (877) 600-8683
Fax: (651) 296-9073

Mississippi

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A Mississippi resident for at least 30 days leading up to Election Day
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day. 

If you are 17 years of age but turning 18 years of age by the General Election date, you may vote in the Primary Election.

In Mississippi, you must register to vote at least 30 days before Election Day. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://www.ms.gov/sos/voter_registration/documents/voter_registration_application.pdf

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://www.msegov.com/sos/voter_registration/amiregistered/Search

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

Contact your County Election office to learn more: https://www.sos.ms.gov/Elections-Voting/Pages/County-Election-Info.aspx

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Mail-in ballots must be postmarked by Election Day.

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: a Mississippi driver’s license, U.S. passport, Mississippi voter ID card). Learn more here: https://msvoterid.ms.gov/Pages/Forms/FAQ%20Voter%20ID.pdf

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://www.sos.ms.gov/PollingPlace/Pages/default.aspx

Early Voting Dates and Locations 

Mississippi does not allow early voting. Instead, you can contact your county election office to register to vote in-person absentee. Find contact information here: https://www.sos.ms.gov/Elections-Voting/Pages/County-Election-Info.aspx

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

P. O. Box 136
Jackson, MS 39205-0136

Phone: 1 (800) 829-6786
Fax: (601) 576-2545

Missouri

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A Missouri resident
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

Who can pre-register?

You must be at least 17 years and 6 months old to register to vote. However, you will not be allowed to vote until you turn 18 years of age. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://s1.sos.mo.gov/elections/voterregistration/

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://s1.sos.mo.gov/elections/voterlookup/

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

Your absentee ballot request must be received by 5 p.m. on the second Wednesday before Election Day. You may vote by absentee in person until 5 p.m. on the day before Election Day.

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your absentee ballot must be received by 7 p.m. on Election Day. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://www.sos.mo.gov/elections/goVoteMissouri/howtovote#absentee

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: a Missouri driver’s license, U.S. passport, student ID). Learn more about Missouri’s voter ID requirements here: https://www.sos.mo.gov/elections/goVoteMissouri/howtovote#Forms

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://voteroutreach.sos.mo.gov/PRD/VoterOutreach/VOSearch.aspx

Early Voting Dates and Locations 

Missouri does not allow early voting. 

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

600 West Main Street
Jefferson City, MO 65101

Local election authorities contact information: https://www.sos.mo.gov/elections/goVoteMissouri/localelectionauthority

Phone: (573) 751-4936

Montana

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A Montana resident for at least 30 days leading up to Election Day
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day. 

You must register to vote at least 30 days before an election. However, you can complete late registration in person at your county election office up to the close of polls on Election Day.

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://sosmt.gov/Portals/142/Elections/Forms/Voter_Registration_Application.pdf

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote in person at your local elections office. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://app.mt.gov/voterinfo/

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

In Montana, you have until noon the day before Election Day to request an absentee ballot. 

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your absentee ballot must be received by 8 p.m. on Election Day whether you are submitting it in person by mail. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://sosmt.gov/elections/absentee/

Find contact information for your local election office here: https://sosmt.gov/Portals/142/Elections/Forms/electionadministrators.pdf

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo ID or a document with your name and address. Learn more about Montana’s voter ID laws here: https://sosmt.gov/elections/faq/#identification

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://app.mt.gov/voterinfo/

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations 

In Montana, early voting means requesting and submitting an absentee ballot.

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Montana Secretary of State
Elections and Voter Services Division
P.O. Box 202801
Helena, MT 59620-2801

Phone: 1 (406) 444-9608
Fax: (406) 444-2023

Nebraska

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be: 

  • A Nebraska resident
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

You must register to vote by the third Friday before Election Day. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://www.nebraska.gov/apps-sos-voter-registration/

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://www.votercheck.necvr.ne.gov/voterview

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

In Nebraska, you have until the second Friday before Election Day to request an absentee/early voting ballot. 

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your absentee ballot must be received by 8 p.m. CT / 7 p.m. MT on Election Day. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://sos.nebraska.gov/elections/early-voting-0

Find your county election office contact information here: https://sos.nebraska.gov/elections/election-officials-contact-information

How to Vote

What to Bring

First-time Nebraska voters who did not provide ID or proof of Nebraska residence when registering by mail may need to show an acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: a Nebraska driver’s license, U.S. passport) or proof of residence (Ex.: utility bill, paycheck) at the polls.

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://www.votercheck.necvr.ne.gov/voterview

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations 

https://sos.nebraska.gov/elections/early-voting-0

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Nebraska Secretary of State
P.O. Box 94608
Lincoln, NE 68509-4608

Phone: (402) 471-2554
Fax: (402) 471-3237

Secretary of State contact form: https://sos.nebraska.gov/contact

Nevada

State website: https://www.nvsos.gov/sos/elections/voters/

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A Nevada resident for at least 30 days leading up to Election Day
  • A U.S. citizen
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

Who can pre-register?

You must be at least 17 years of age to pre-register to vote. However, you will not be able to vote until you turn 18 years of age. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. Learn more about Nevada voting rights restoration guidelines here: https://www.nvsos.gov/sos/elections/voters/restoration-of-voting-rights-in-nevada

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://www.nvsos.gov/sosvoterservices/Registration/Step0.aspx

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://www.nvsos.gov/votersearch/

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

In Nevada, you must submit your request no later than 14 days before the election. 

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your absentee ballot must be received by 7 p.m. on Election Day if returning it in person. If returning it by mail, it must be postmarked by Election Day and be received no later than seven days after Election Day. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://www.nvsos.gov/sos/elections/voters/voters-with-disabilities/absentee-voting

Find your County Clerk / Registrar of Voters contact information here: https://www.nvsos.gov/sos/elections/voters/county-clerk-contact-information

How to Vote

What to Bring

Some voters may need to present an acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: a Nevada driver’s license, any other government-issued form of identification with the voter’s signature and photo or physical description).

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://www.nvsos.gov/sos/elections/election-day-information

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations 

https://www.nvsos.gov/sos/elections/election-day-information

https://www.nvsos.gov/sos/elections/voters/early-voting-information

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

01 North Carson Street, Suite 3
Carson City, NV 89701-3714

Phone: (775) 684-5705
Fax: (775) 684-5718

County Clerk / Registrar of Voters contact information: https://www.nvsos.gov/sos/elections/voters/absentee-voting

New Hampshire

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be: 

  • A New Hampshire resident
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

In New Hampshire, the deadline to register to vote is Election Day. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

In person at your local town or city clerk’s office. Find contact information for your town or city’s clerk office here: https://app.sos.nh.gov/Public/ClerkDetails.aspx

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote at the polls on election day. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://app.sos.nh.gov/

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

Contact your town or city clerk’s office for details: https://app.sos.nh.gov/Public/ClerkDetails.aspx

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your absentee ballot must be received by 5 p.m. on Election Day by your town or city’s clerk to count in the election.

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://sos.nh.gov/elections/voters/absentee-ballots/ 

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: a New Hampshire driver’s license, U.S. passport, U.S. military ID card)

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://app.sos.nh.gov/Public/PollingPlaceSearch.aspx

Early Voting Dates and Locations 

New Hampshire does not allow early voting. 

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Secretary of State’s Office Elections Division – Administration
The State House, Room 204
107 North Main Street
Concord, N.H. 03301

Phone: (603) 271-3242
Fax: (603) 271-6316

Town and city clerk’s offices contact information: https://app.sos.nh.gov/Public/ClerkDetails.aspx

New Jersey

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A resident of your New Jersey county for at least 30 days leading up to Election Day
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

You must register to vote at least 21 days before an election.

Who can pre-register?

You must be at least 17 years of age to pre-register to vote in New Jersey. However, you will not be able to vote until you reach 18 years of age. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://voter.svrs.nj.gov/register

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://voter.svrs.nj.gov/registration-check

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

If you’re requesting a ballot by mail, the county clerk office must receive your application no later than seven days before Election Day. If you apply in person, you can request a ballot until 3 p.m. on the day before Election Day. 

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

If hand delivered, your ballot must be received by the closing of the polls on Election Day (8 p.m.). 

If mailing your ballot, your ballot must be postmarked by Election Day and received no later than 48 hours after the closing of the polls. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://www.state.nj.us/state/elections/vote-by-mail.shtml

Find your county clerk’s contact information here: https://www.state.nj.us/state/elections/vote-county-election-officials.shtml

How to Vote

What to Bring

Some voters may need to provide an acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: a NJ driver’s license, U.S. passport, student ID card).

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://voter.svrs.nj.gov/polling-place-search

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations

Check with your county election official: https://www.state.nj.us/state/elections/county-eo.shtml

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

NJ Division of Elections
P.O. Box 304
Trenton, NJ 08625-0304

Phone: 1 (877) 659-6837
Fax: (609) 777-1280

New Mexico

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A New Mexico resident
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day. 

If you are 17 years of age and you will be 18 years of age by the General Election date, you may vote in the Primary.

If registering by mail or online, you must register at least 28 days before Election Day. If registering in person, you may do so until the Saturday before Election Day

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://portal.sos.state.nm.us/OVR/WebPages/InstructionsStep1.aspx

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options. 

Where to Check Voter Status

https://voterportal.servis.sos.state.nm.us/wheretovote.aspx

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

In New Mexico, you must request your ballot no later than 14 days before Election Day.

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your absentee ballot must be received by 7 p.m. on Election Day. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://www.sos.state.nm.us/voting-and-elections/voter-information-portal/absentee-and-early-voting/

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: a New Mexico driver’s license, U.S. passport, voter ID card)

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://voterportal.servis.sos.state.nm.us/WhereToVote.aspx

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations 

https://www.sos.state.nm.us/voting-and-elections/voting-faqs/early-voting-in-person/

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

325 Don Gaspar, Suite 300
Santa Fe, NM 87501

Phone: (505) 827-3600

New York

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A New York resident for at least 30 days leading up to Election Day
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

Who can pre-register?

You must be at least 16 years of age to pre-register to vote in NY. However, you will not be allowed to vote until you reach 18 years of age. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://www.ny.gov/services/register-vote

Where to Check Voter Status

https://voterlookup.elections.ny.gov/

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

In New York, you have until the seventh day before Election Day if submitting your application online, by mail, by email or by fax. If applying in person, you have until the day before Election Day. 

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your ballot must be postmarked by Election Day.

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://www.elections.ny.gov/votingabsentee.html

How to Vote

What to Bring

If you did not provide ID with your registration application, you may need to present an acceptable form of identification at the polls. Learn more about New York’s voter ID requirements here: https://vote.nyc/page/voter-id

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://voterlookup.elections.ny.gov/

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

NYS Board Of Elections
40 North Pearl Street, Suite 5
Albany, NY 12207-2729

Phone: (518) 474-6220

North Carolina

State website: https://www.ncsbe.gov

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A resident of your North Carolina county for at least 30 days leading up to Election Day
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

You must register to vote at least 25 days before an election. If you miss this deadline, you may still vote using same-day registration in your county during the early voting period.

Who can pre-register?

You must be at least 16 years of age to pre-register to vote in North Carolina. However, you will not be able to vote in a General Election until you reach 18 years of age. If you are 17 years of age and you will be 18 years of age by the General Election date, you may vote in the Primary.

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://payments.ncdot.gov/

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://vt.ncsbe.gov/RegLkup/

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

In North Carolina, you have until 5 p.m. on the Tuesday before Election day to request an absentee ballot. 

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Ballots returned in person at a board of elections office must be received by Election Day. 

If returning the ballot by mail, it must be postmarked on Election Day.

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

How to Vote

What to Bring

Voter ID is not required for North Carolina elections held in 2020. Find updates and more information here: https://www.ncsbe.gov/voting/voter-id

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://vt.ncsbe.gov/PPLkup/

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations 

https://vt.ncsbe.gov/ossite/

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Third Floor
430 N. Salisbury St. 6400
Mail Service Center
Raleigh, NC 27603

Phone (919) 814-0700
Fax (919) 715-0135

North Dakota

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

In North Dakota, voter registration is not required for state or federal elections. 

To vote in the state, you must be:

  • A U.S. citizen
  • At least 18 years of age
  • A resident of your precinct for 30 days before Election Day 
  • A North Dakota resident. 
Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

There is no set deadline to request an absentee ballot. 

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

In North Dakota, all absentee ballots must be received the day before Election Day. If returning your ballot by mail, it must be postmarked by this date.

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://vip.sos.nd.gov/PortalListDetails.aspx?ptlhPKID=53&ptlPKID=7#content-start

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: a North Dakota driver’s license, North Dakota ID card, Tribal-issued identification). The ID must have your name, current North Dakota address and date of birth.

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://vip.sos.nd.gov/WhereToVote.aspx?tab=AddressandVotingTimes

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations 

https://vote.nd.gov/precincts.aspx?eid=313

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Secretary of State State of North Dakota
600 E Boulevard Avenue Dept 108
Bismarck, ND 58505-0500

Telephone: (701) 328-2900
Toll Free: 1 (800)-352-0867
TTY: 1 (800) 366-6888
Fax: (701) 328-2992

Ohio

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • An Ohio resident for at least 30 days before the election
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day. 

If you are 17 years of age and you will be 18 years of age by the General Election date, you may vote in the Primary. However, you can only nominate candidates. You cannot vote on issues or party central committees until you are 18 years of age.

You must register to vote at least 30 days before an election.

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://olvr.ohiosos.gov/

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://voterlookup.ohiosos.gov/voterlookup.aspx

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

Three days before Election Day

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

If mailed, your absentee ballot must be postmarked by the day before Election Day. If returning your ballot in person, you must return the ballot to your county Board of Elections by 7:30 p.m. on Election Day. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://www.ohiosos.gov/elections/voters/absentee-voting/

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: an Ohio driver’s license, Ohio state ID card, military ID card). Learn more about Ohio’s voter ID requirements here: https://www.ohiosos.gov/elections/voters/id-requirements/

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://www.ohiosos.gov/elections/voters/toolkit/polling-location/

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations 

In Ohio, in-person absentee voting is considered early voting. It begins after voter registration closes. Learn more about early voting locations here: https://www.ohiosos.gov/elections/voters/absentee-voting/#inPerson

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Oklahoma

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • An Oklahoma resident
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

You must register to vote at least 25 days before an election.

Who can pre-register?

You must be at least 17 years and 6 months of age to pre-register to vote in Oklahoma.

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://okvoterportal.okelections.us/Home/RegWizard

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://www.ok.gov/elections/OVP.html

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

In Oklahoma, your request for an absentee ballot must be received by the third Monday (15 days) prior to Election Day.

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your absentee ballot must be received by 7 p.m. on Election Day to be counted in the election.

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://oklahoma.gov/elections/voters/absentee-voting.html

How to Vote

What to Bring

An unexpired form of identification with your name and photograph (Ex: an Oklahoma driver’s license, U.S. passport, tribal-issued ID). If you do not have identification with you at the polls, you may sign an affidavit instead.

Learn more about Oklahoma’s voter ID requirements here: https://oklahoma.gov/elections/voters/proof-of-identity.html

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://www.ok.gov/elections/OVP.html

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations 

https://oklahoma.gov/elections/voters/early-voting.html

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

2300 N Lincoln Blvd, Room G28
State Capitol Building
Oklahoma City, OK 73105

Phone: (405) 521-2391
Fax: (405) 521-6457

Oregon

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • An Oregon resident
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

You must register to vote at least 21 days before an election. 

Who can pre-register?

You must be at least 16 years of age to register to vote in Oregon. However, you will not be able to vote until you reach 18 years of age. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. Learn more about Oregon’s felony voting restrictions here: 

https://multco.us/elections/voting-rights-oregon-person-convicted-felony-frequently-asked-questions

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://secure.sos.state.or.us/orestar/vr/register.do?lang=eng&source=SOS

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://secure.sos.state.or.us/orestar/vr/showVoterSearch.do?lang=eng&source=SOS

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

All registered voters in Oregon automatically receive a vote-by-mail ballot two to three weeks before an election. However, you need to request an absentee ballot if you are an out-of-state college student or travelling during the election. If you are in one of these situations, follow the instructions listed below. 

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

In Oregon, there is no clear deadline to request your ballot. However, it is recommended that you request it at least a month before Election Day. 

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your absentee ballot must be received by 8 p.m. on Election Day to be counted.

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://sos.oregon.gov/voting/pages/voteinor.aspx 

How to Vote

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://sos.oregon.gov/voting/Pages/drop-box-locator.aspx

Early Voting

In Oregon, registered voters can drop their vote-by-mail ballot in drop boxes located all throughout the state. Find the drop box locations here: https://sos.oregon.gov/voting/Pages/drop-box-locator.aspx

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

2300 N Lincoln Blvd, Room G28
State Capitol Building
Oklahoma City, OK 73105

Phone: (405) 521-2391
Fax: (405) 521-6457

Pennsylvania

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A Pennsylvania resident for at least 30 days before Election Day
  • A U.S. citizen for at least 30 days prior to Election Day 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

You must register to vote at least 15 days before an election.. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. Then, you will automatically have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://www.pavoterservices.pa.gov/pages/VoterRegistrationApplication.aspx

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://www.pavoterservices.pa.gov/pages/voterregistrationstatus.aspx

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

In Pennsylvania, you can request a mail-in ballot if you cannot or do not want to head to the polls in person. 

You are eligible to request an absentee ballot if you are:

  • A service member 
  • A college student
  • An inmate without a felony conviction,  
  • On vacation
  • Working outside of your municipality
  • Have a debilitating health issue
  • Have religious obligations

Deadline to Request an Absentee or Mail-in Ballot

Your request must be received by 5 p.m. on the Tuesday before Election Day.

Deadline to Submit an Absentee or Mail-in Ballot

Your absentee ballot must be received by 8 p.m. on Election Day. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit:  https://www.votespa.com/Voting-in-PA/Pages/Mail-and-Absentee-Ballot.aspx 

How to Vote

What to Bring

Voters who are voting at a polling place for the first time will need to show an acceptable form of identification (Ex: a Pennsylvania driver’s license, U.S. passport, student ID card). Learn more about Pennsylvania’s voter registration requirements here: https://www.votespa.com/Register-to-Vote/Pages/Voter-ID-for-First-Time-Voters.aspx

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://www.votespa.com/Voting-in-PA/Pages/Voting-at-a-Polling-Place.aspx

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations 

In-person early voting is not an option in PA. However, residents can vote early through mail-in ballots.

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Puerto Rico

State website: http://ww2.ceepur.org

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be: 

  • A U.S. citizen
  • A Puerto Rico resident 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day. 

You must register at least 50 days before Election Day.

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared “mentally incompetent” by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

You must apply in person at your local permanent registration office (Juntas de Inscripción Permanente). Find your nearest location here: http://www.ceepur.org/directorio.htm [in Spanish] 

Where to Check Voter Status

http://consulta.ceepur.org/ [in Spanish] 

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

You have until sixty (60) days before Election Day to submit an absentee ballot application.

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your completed ballot must be received up to 30 days after the date it was submitted before an election. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: state-issued ID, U.S. passport)

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

Contact your local permanent registration office to learn where you vote. Find your nearest location here: http://www.ceepur.org/directorio.htm [in Spanish] 

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Phone: (787) 7778682

Mailing Address:
P.O. Box 195552
San Juan, PR 00919-5552

Rhode Island

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A Rhode Island resident
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

The registration deadline is typically 30 days before an election.

Who can pre-register?

You must be at least 16 years of age to pre-register to vote in Rhode Island. However, you will not be able to vote until you reach 18 years of age. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://vote.sos.ri.gov/VoterRegistration/VoterRegistration?step=0

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://vote.sos.ri.gov/Home/UpdateVoterRecord?ActiveFlag=0

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your absentee ballot must be received by 8 p.m. on Election Day.

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://elections.ri.gov/voting/mailballot.php

Find your local board of canvassers contact information here: https://elections.ri.gov/canvassers/index.php

How to Vote

What to Bring

Voters will need to show an acceptable form of identification (Ex: a Rhode Island driver’s license, U.S. passport, student ID card). Learn more about Rhode Island’s voter registration requirements here: https://elections.ri.gov/voting/id.php

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://vote.sos.ri.gov/Home/PollingPlaces?ActiveFlag=2

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations 

https://vote.sos.ri.gov/Voter/PersonVotingPage

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Rhode Island Board of Elections
2000 Plainfield Pike
Cranston, RI 02921

Phone: (401) 222-2345
Fax: (401) 222-3135

South Carolina

State website: https://www.scvotes.gov

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A South Carolina resident
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by the next Election Day.

The registration deadline is 30 days before an election.

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://info.scvotes.sc.gov/eng/ovr/start.aspx

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail, email, fax or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://info.scvotes.sc.gov/eng/voterinquiry/VoterInformationRequest.aspx

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

In South Carolina, your application must be received no later than four days before Election Day by 5 p.m.

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

If voting by mail, your absentee ballot must be received by 7 p.m. on Election Day. If voting absentee in person, your ballot must be received by 5 p.m. on the day before Election Day.

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://www.scvotes.gov/absentee-voting

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: a South Carolina driver’s license, U.S. passport, military ID). Learn more about South Carolina’s voter ID requirements here: https://www.scvotes.gov/node/235

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://info.scvotes.sc.gov/eng/voterinquiry/VoterInformationRequest.aspx?PageMode=VoterInfo

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations 

South Carolina does not allow early voting. You may instead vote absentee in-person. See the section “How to Request an Absentee Ballot” to learn how.

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

State Election Commission
1122 Lady Street, Suite 500
Columbia, SC 29201

Additional Contact Information

The South Carolina Election commission recommends contacting your county voter registration and elections office for any questions about elections: https://www.scvotes.gov/how-register-absentee-voting

South Dakota

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A South Dakota resident
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

The registration deadline is 15 days before an election.

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://sdsos.gov/elections-voting/assets/VoterRegistrationFormFillable.pdf

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State and Territory” for more information on your voting options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://vip.sdsos.gov/VIPLogin.aspx

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

In South Dakota, you have until 5 p.m. the day before Election Day to request your ballot.

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your absentee ballot must be received by the close of the polls on Election Day. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://sdsos.gov/elections-voting/voting/absentee-voting.aspx

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: a South Dakota driver’s license, U.S. passport, Tribal photo ID). If you do not have an acceptable form of identification, you may sign a personal identification affidavit instead.

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://vip.sdsos.gov/VIPLogin.aspx

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations

Contact your county elections office for details: https://vip.sdsos.gov/CountyAuditors.aspx

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Secretary of State
Capitol Building
500 East Capitol Avenue Ste 204
Pierre, SD 57501-5070

Phone: (605) 773-3537
Fax: (605) 773-6580

Tennessee

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A Tennessee resident
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

The registration deadline is 30 days before an election.

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://ovr.govote.tn.gov/

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State & Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://tnmap.tn.gov/voterlookup/

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

In Tennessee, you have to submit your absentee ballot application at least 7 days before Election Day.

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your absentee ballot must be received by the close of the polls on Election Day.

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://sos.tn.gov/products/elections/absentee-voting

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of federal or state-issued photo identification (Ex: a Tennessee driver’s license, U.S. passport, military ID card). Learn more about Tennessee’s voter ID requirements here: https://sos.tn.gov/products/elections/what-id-required-when-voting

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://tnmap.tn.gov/voterlookup/

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations 

https://sos.tn.gov/products/elections/early-voting-person

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

312 Rosa L. Parks Avenue 7th Floor
Snodgrass Tower
Nashville, TN 37243-1102

Phone: 1 (877) 850-4959 / (615)-741-7956

Texas

State website: https://www.votetexas.gov

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A Texas resident
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

The registration deadline is 30 days before an election.

Who can pre-register?

You must be at least 17 years and 10 months of age to pre-register to vote. However, you will not be allowed to vote until you reach 18 years of age. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://webservices.sos.state.tx.us/vrapp/index.asp

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State & Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://teamrv-mvp.sos.texas.gov/MVP/mvp.do

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

In Texas, you must submit your request no later than 11 days before Election Day.

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your absentee ballot must be received by 7 p.m. on Election Day for regular voters. If you are a member of the armed forces, it must be received no later than 6 days after Election Day. For voters who are currently overseas, the deadline is 5 days after Election Day. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://www.sos.texas.gov/elections/voter/reqabbm.shtml

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: a Texas driver’s license, U.S. passport, U.S. military ID card). Learn more about Texas’s voter ID requirements here: https://www.votetexas.gov/mobile/id-faqs.htm

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://teamrv-mvp.sos.texas.gov/MVP/mvp.do

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations 

https://teamrv-mvp.sos.texas.gov/MVP/mvp.do

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Elections Division
Secretary of State
P.O. Box 12060
Austin, Texas 78711-2060

Toll-free: 1 (800) 252-VOTE(8683)
Local: (512) 463-5650
Fax: (512) 475-2811

U.S. Virgin Islands

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A U.S. citizen
  • A Virgin Islands resident 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day. 

You must register at least 30 days before Election Day.

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared “mentally incompetent” by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

You must apply in person at your local elections office. Find your nearest location here: https://www.vivote.gov/contact-us 

Where to Check Voter Status

https://www.vivote.gov/voters/lookup

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

You have until seven days before Election Day to submit an absentee ballot application.

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your completed ballot must be received 10 days after Election Day. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: state-issued ID, U.S. passport)

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://www.vivote.gov/elections/polling-places

Early Voting Dates and Locations

https://www.vivote.gov/elections/early-voting

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Physical Address:
Sunny Isle Annex, Unit 4
Christiansted, VI

Phone: (340) 773-1021
(340) 774-3107

Mailing Address:
P.O. Box 1499
Kingshill, VI 00851

U.S. Virgin Islands

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A U.S. citizen
  • A Virgin Islands resident 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day. 

You must register at least 30 days before Election Day.

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared “mentally incompetent” by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

You must apply in person at your local elections office. Find your nearest location here: https://www.vivote.gov/contact-us 

Where to Check Voter Status

https://www.vivote.gov/voters/lookup

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

You have until seven days before Election Day to submit an absentee ballot application.

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your completed ballot must be received 10 days after Election Day. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: state-issued ID, U.S. passport)

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://www.vivote.gov/elections/polling-places

Early Voting Dates and Locations

https://www.vivote.gov/elections/early-voting

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Physical Address:
Sunny Isle Annex, Unit 4
Christiansted, VI

Phone: (340) 773-1021
(340) 774-3107

Mailing Address:
P.O. Box 1499
Kingshill, VI 00851

Utah

State website: https://vote.utah.gov

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A Utah resident for at least 30 days leading up to Election Day
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

The registration deadline is at 5 p.m. 11 days before an election.

Who can pre-register?

You must be at least 16 years of age to pre-register in Utah. However, you will not be able to vote until you reach 18 years of age. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://secure.utah.gov/voterreg/login.html?selection=REGISTER

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail, by email or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State & Territory” for more information on your voting options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://votesearch.utah.gov/voter-search/search/search-by-voter/voter-info

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

If submitting by mail, your absentee ballot must be postmarked no later than the day before Election Day. Mail the ballot to your county clerk’s office: https://voteinfo.utah.gov/county-clerk-contact-information/

If submitting in person, you may place your ballot in a drop box location by 8 p.m. on Election Day. Find drop box locations here: https://votesearch.utah.gov/voter-search/search/search-by-address/how-and-where-can-i-vote

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: a Utah driver’s license, U.S. passport, tribal ID card). Learn more about Utah’s voter ID requirements here: https://voteinfo.utah.gov/voter-id-requirements/

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://votesearch.utah.gov/voter-search/search/search-by-address/how-and-where-can-i-vote

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations 

Contact your county clerk’s office: https://voteinfo.utah.gov/county-clerk-contact-information/

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information 

County clerk’s offices contact information: https://voteinfo.utah.gov/county-clerk-contact-information

Vermont

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must:

You may register to vote through Election Day. 

Felony Restrictions

Vermont permits all individuals with felony convictions, including those who are currently incarcerated or serving a sentence, to vote, as long as they meet the requirements listed above. All citizens who are convicted of a felony retain their right to vote. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://olvr.vermont.gov/

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State & Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://mvp.vermont.gov/

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

In Vermont, your request must be received by 5 p.m. or the close of the town clerk’s office the day before Election Day. 

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

If submitting your ballot to a town clerk’s office, your ballot must be received before the office closes on the day before Election Day. If submitting your ballot to a polling place, it must be received by 7 p.m. on Election Day. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://sos.vermont.gov/elections/voters/early-absentee-voting/

How to Vote

What to Bring

If you are a first-time voter who registered by mail, you will have to present an acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: a Vermont driver’s license, U.S. passport, voter ID card) at the polls.

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://mvp.vermont.gov/

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations 

https://sos.vermont.gov/elections-calendar/

Contact your town clerk’s office to learn more about early voting locations: https://sos.vermont.gov/elections/town-clerks/

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Elections Division
William Senning, Director
128 State Street
Montpelier, VT 05633-1101

Phone: (802) 828-2363

Virginia

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A Virginia resident
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

You must register to vote at least 22 days before general and primary elections, at least 14 days before special elections, and at least 7 days before special elections called by the governor. 

Who can pre-register?

You must be at least 17 years of age to pre-register to vote in Virginia. However, you will not be allowed to vote until you reach 18 years of age. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://www.elections.virginia.gov/citizen-portal/

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State & Territory” for more information on your voting registration options. 

Where to Check Voter Status

https://vote.elections.virginia.gov/VoterInformation/Lookup/status

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

In Virginia, your request must be received by 5 p.m. on the 11th day before Election Day. 

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your absentee ballot must be postmarked by Election Day. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://www.elections.virginia.gov/casting-a-ballot/absentee-voting/

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of identification (Ex: a Virginia driver’s license, U.S. passport, voter ID card). Learn more about Virginia’s voter ID requirements here: https://www.elections.virginia.gov/registration/photo-ids-required-to-vote/

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://www.elections.virginia.gov/citizen-portal/

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations 

You may vote early in person at your registrar’s office or a satellite voting location in your town or city. You are able to early vote from 45 days before Election Day through the last Saturday before Election Day.

https://www.elections.virginia.gov/citizen-portal/

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Washington Building
First Floor
1100 Bank Street
Richmond, VA 23219

Telephone: (804) 864-8901
Toll Free: (800) 552-9745
FAX: (804) 371-0194
TTY: 711

Washington

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A Washington resident for at least 30 days before Election Day
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

You must register at least 8 days before Election Day if voting by mail. If voting in person, you may register through Election Day. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://olvr.votewa.gov/

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State & Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://voter.votewa.gov/WhereToVote.aspx

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

For all Washington elections, you will automatically receive a mail-in ballot if you are registered to vote. You are not required to submit a request. However, if you are currently overseas, you can request a special absentee ballot application. 

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your absentee ballot must be postmarked by Election Day or returned to a drop box by 8 p.m. on Election Day to be counted.

Find a list of voting drop boxes here: https://www.sos.wa.gov/_assets/elections/drop%20boxes%20and%20voting%20centers%20pdf.pdf

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: a Washington driver’s license, U.S. passport, voter ID card)

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://voter.votewa.gov/WhereToVote.aspx

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations

https://voter.votewa.gov/WhereToVote.aspx

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

State Elections
Office 520 Union Ave
Olympia, WA 98501

Phone: (360) 902-4180 / 1 (800) 448-4881
Fax: (360) 664-4619

West Virginia

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A West Virginia resident
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

The registration deadline is 21 days before an election (or on the first day after that is not a Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday).

Who can pre-register?

You must be at least 17 years of age to pre-register in West Virginia. However, you will not be able to cast a ballot until you turn 18 years of age. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://ovr.sos.wv.gov/Register/Landing

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State & Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://services.sos.wv.gov/Elections/Voter/AmIRegisteredToVote

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

In West Virginia, your request must be received no later than six days before Election Day.

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

  • By mail: By the close of polls on Election Day
  • By mail without postmark: The day after Election Day
  • By mail postmarked by the US Postal Service by Election Day: Five days after the election, excluding Sundays
  • In person: The day before the election

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://sos.wv.gov/elections/Pages/AbsenteeVotingInformation.aspx

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of identification (Ex: a West Virginia driver’s license, U.S. passport, voter registration card). Learn more about West Virginia’s voter ID laws here: https://sos.wv.gov/FormSearch/Elections/Informational/VOTER%20ID%20SOCIAL%20MEDIA%20GRAPHIC.pdf

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://services.sos.wv.gov/Elections/Voter/AmIRegisteredToVote

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations

Early voting takes place at your county courthouse or judicial annex. Contact your county clerk to confirm early voting times and locations: https://sos.wv.gov/elections/Pages/CountyClerkDirectory.aspx

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Office of the Secretary of State
State Capitol Building
Charleston, WV 25305

Phone: (304) 558-6000
(866) 767-8683 (Toll-free)
Fax: (304) 558-0900

Wisconsin

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A Wisconsin resident for at least 28 days leading up to Election Day
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

If voting by mail, you must register at least 20 days before Election Day. If voting in person at your polling place, you may register through Election Day. If voting in person at your municipal clerk’s office, you must register by the Friday before Election Day. 

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

https://myvote.wi.gov/en-us/RegisterToVote

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail or in person. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State & Territory” for more information on your voting registration options.

Where to Check Voter Status

https://myvote.wi.gov/en-us/MyVoterInfo

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

In Wisconsin, you have until 5:00 p.m. on the Thursday before the election to request your absentee ballot. 

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your absentee ballot must be received by 8 p.m. on Election Day to be counted.

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://elections.wi.gov/voters/absentee

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: a Wisconsin driver’s license, U.S. passport, military ID card). Learn more about Wisconsin’s voter ID requirements here: https://bringit.wi.gov/

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://myvote.wi.gov/en-us/FindMyPollingPlace

Find Early Voting Dates and Locations

In Wisconsin, voting an absentee ballot in person is considered early voting. You can apply for an absentee ballot and vote in person at your municipal clerk’s office: https://myvote.wi.gov/en-US/MyMunicipalClerk

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Office Address

Wisconsin Elections Commission
212 East Washington Ave, 3rd Floor
Madison, WI 53703

Local: (608) 266-8005
Toll-Free: (866) VOTE-WIS
Fax: (608) 267-0500

Mailing Address

Wisconsin Elections Commission
P.O. Box 7984
Madison, WI 53707-7984

Wyoming

Eligibility

Who can register to vote?

To register to vote, you must be:

  • A Wyoming resident
  • A U.S. citizen 
  • At least 18 years of age by Election Day.

You must register at least 14 days before Election Day.

Felony Restrictions

If you were barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction, you must first complete all of the terms of your sentence before you can have your voting rights restored. 

Mental Capacity Restriction

If you have been declared mentally incompetent by a court, you will not be able to register to vote until your voting rights are restored. 

How to Register

Easiest Way to Register

In person at your local county clerk’s office. 

Other Ways to Register 

You can also register to vote by mail. Refer to the section “How to Register to Vote in Each State & Territory” for more information on your voting options. 

Where to Check Voter Status

By contacting your local county elections office.

Absentee Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Deadline to Request an Absentee Ballot

In Wyoming, you have until the day before Election Day to request an absentee ballot..

Deadline to Submit an Absentee Ballot

Your absentee ballot must be received by 7 p.m. on Election Day. 

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Visit: https://sos.wyo.gov/elections/state/AbsenteeVoting.aspx

How to Vote

What to Bring

An acceptable form of photo identification (Ex: a Wyoming driver’s license, U.S. passport, voter ID card). Find a list of acceptable forms of ID here: https://sos.wyo.gov/Elections/VoterID/Default.aspx

Find Your Election Day Voting Location

https://sos.wyo.gov/Elections/PollPlace/default.aspx

Contact Information

Find Local Contact Information

Elections Division
Herschler Building East
122 W 25th St Suite 100
Cheyenne, WY 82002-0020

Phone: 307-777-5860
Fax: 307-777-7640

Third-Party Organizations That Can Help You Register

Third-party organizations are also resources to register to vote. They also provide other voting-related services, allowing you to:

  • Register to vote in your state.
  • Check your registration status.
  • Request absentee ballots to vote by mail in your state.
  • Get election reminders.
  • Locate your nearest local polling place.
  • Fill out census forms.

These organizations typically help you register to vote online through their websites. They process your voting registration application for free. 

They also provide information and answer any questions you may have regarding voting registration, where and how to vote, and other helpful information. Check out the contact information for third-party organizations that provide registration assistance and services below:  

  • Vote.org at Vote.org
  • Rock the Vote at RockTheVote.org
  • U.S. Vote Foundation at USVoteFoundation.org
  • When We All Vote at WhenWeAllVote.org

Instances When You May Need to Re-Register

You may need to re-register to vote if one of the following applies to you: 

  • You were deemed incompetent by a court 
  • You recently completed a criminal sentence 
  • You have changed your name, address or political affiliation

Do you have to vote with the party you are registered with?

For federal, state or local general elections, you are not required to vote with the party you are registered with. However, you may be required to do so for your primary election or caucus depending on your state. Review the section “Primary, General, and Special Elections” to see if your state has open primary elections, which would allow you to vote with any party. 

Voting Registration Information as Public Record

Once filed, voter registration information is public record. However, each state has rules on what is included in public records, who can request voter files and what information is kept confidential. To learn who can request voter records in your state, as well as what information is available to requestors, view the chart here: https://www.ncsl.org/research/elections-and-campaigns/access-to-and-use-of-voter-registration-lists.aspx

How to Vote

Early Voting and Absentee Voting

Early voting and absentee voting are both processes that allow electors to vote ahead of Election Day, but there are key differences between the two. Absentee voting is available in every state. However, in some states, only certain voters can request an absentee ballot. Early voting, on the other hand, is not available in every state but does not have any eligibility requirements. 

Early Voting

What is early voting?

Early voting allows you to cast your ballot at your designated polling place ahead of Election Day. Early voting periods vary by state and can range anywhere from one to 46 days before Election Day. However, it is not allowed in all 50 states. 

States That Allow Early Voting

  • Alaska
  • California
  • D.C., Washington
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Idaho
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Arizona
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Montana
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Arkansas
  • Oklahoma
  • Pennsylvania
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Virginia
  • Washington
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming

Time Frames for Early Voting by State & Territory 

LocationEarly Voting BeginsEarly Voting Ends
Alaska15 days beforeDay of Election Day
Arizona26 days beforeFriday before Election Day
Arkansas15 days before5 p.m. on the Monday before Election Day 
California29 days beforeDay before Election Day
District of Columbia7 days before Election DaySaturday before Election Day
FloridaAt least 10 days before Election Day3 days before Election Day, but the supervisor of elections may extend to the second day before the election.
GeorgiaFourth Monday before Election DayFriday before Election Day
IdahoThird Monday before Election Day5 p.m. on Friday before Election Day
Illinois40 days before Election Day for temporary polling locations and 15 days before permanent locationsDay before Election Day
Indiana28 days before Election DayNoon the day before Election Day
Iowa29 days before Election Day5 p.m. the day before Election Day
Kansas20 days before Election DayNoon the day before Election Day
Louisiana14 days before Election Day7 days before Election Day
Maine30 days before Election Day3 business days before Election Day
MarylandSecond Thursday before Election DayThursday before Election Day
Massachusetts11 days before Election DaySecond business day before Election Day
Michigan40 days before Election DayDay before Election Day
Minnesota46 days before Election Day5 p.m. the day before Election Day
Montana30 days before Election DayDay before Election Day
Nebraska30 days before Election DayElection Day
NevadaThird Saturday before Election DayFriday before Election Day
New Jersey45 days before Election Day3 p.m. the day before Election Day
New MexicoThird Saturday before Election DaySaturday before Election Day
New York10 days before Election DaySecond day before Election Day
North CarolinaThird Wednesday before Election DayThird Wednesday before Election Day
North Dakota15 days before Election Day15 days before Election Day
Ohio28 days before Election Day2 p.m. Monday before Election Day
Oklahoma2 p.m. Monday before Election Day2 p.m. Monday before Election Day
South Dakota45 days before Election Day5 p.m. the day before Election Day
Tennessee20 days before Election Day5 days before Election Day
Texas17 days before Election Day4 days before Election Day
Utah14 days before Election DayFriday before Election Day but could be extended until the day before the election
Vermont45 days before Election Day5 p.m. the day before Election Day
VirginiaSecond Saturday before Election Day5 p.m. on the Saturday before Election Day
West Virginia13 days before Election DayThree days before Election Day
Wisconsin14 days before Election DaySunday before Election Day
Wyoming40 days before Election DayDay before Election Day 

Absentee Voting and Voting By Mail

Absentee vs. Voting by Mail

Absentee voting is a process available to registered voters who are unable to head to the polls on Election Day. This is generally military service members and citizens who are currently overseas. Some states have expanded the eligibility requirements so check your specific state.

Voting by mail is the process of completing a paper ballot and mailing it to a local elections office to be counted in an upcoming election. It can be considered a form of absentee or early voting, as those who vote by mail are not physically heading to local polling stations. 

Colorado, Hawaii, Oregon, Washington and Utah automatically allow all state residents to vote by mail.  In these states, residents do not need to specifically register for a mail-in ballot.  Instead, an automated mail-in voting system sends every registered voter a ballot to fill out and send back once completed. 

Absentee Voting Rules

In some states, voters must meet certain eligibility requirements to request an absentee ballot, while other states are “no-excuse” states that allow anyone to request absentee ballots.  

No-Excuse States Where Anyone Can Request an Absentee Ballot 
  • Alabama
  • Arizona
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Idaho
  • New Mexico
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Illinois
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Oklahoma
  • South Dakota
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Minnesota
  • Montana
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • New Jersey
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming

States Where an Excuse Is Required for Absentee Voting

  • Arkansas
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • Indiana
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • New Hampshire
  • New York
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Virginia
  • West Virginia
States With All-Mail Voting 

Registered voters in these five states automatically receive ballots that they submit by mail:

  • Colorado
  • Hawaii
  • Oregon
  • Washington
  • Utah

How to Request an Absentee Ballot

Refer to the section called “Voter Registration Information by State and Territory” to learn how to request an absentee ballot in your specific state or territory.

You must be a registered voter to request an absentee ballot. If you do not live in a “no-excuse
state,” you will have additional requirements set by your specific state to qualify for an absentee ballot. 

Be sure to double check which ballot you are requesting. Some states require you to request an absentee ballot for each specific election. Therefore, you will have to request an absentee ballot for the primary election, and then again for the general election. When there are primary and general elections happening on different schedules countrywide, you may request a ballot for the wrong election. 

In most states, there are deadlines to request and return your absentee ballot. Take note of the dates to ensure that you do not miss any important deadlines. 

Voting In-Person at Your Polling Place on Election Day 

To vote in person, you must visit your designated polling place. Your polling place will depend on your address and it can be a school, library or other public venue. You will likely not be allowed to vote if you attempt to vote at a polling place to which you were not assigned. In some cases, you may need to obtain a provisional ballot. 

Every state assigns its residents designated polling places where they will go to cast their votes on Election Day. They can change between elections. As such, double check your polling place before every election. 

Learn how to find your polling place and/or access contact information for your state elections office by referring to the “Voter Registration Information by State and Territory” section.

Can I change my polling place?

You can request a change in polling locations if you have a disability and the location is not accessible. If you have changed addresses, you may be assigned a new polling location.

Find your local election office contact information on your state’s election website to request a polling location change or to check if you have been assigned a new polling place location after you moved. You can find your state election website of this guide in the “Voter Registration Information by State and Territory” section. 

What to Bring to Your Designated Polling Place by State & Territory

In the following states, residents are not required to bring any documents to vote: 

  • California
  • District of Columbia
  • Washington
  • Illinois
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Minnesota
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Vermont
  • Wyoming

If your state is not listed above, view the requirements for the remaining states here: 

Alabama: You must present a photo ID to vote. If you only have a non-photo ID, you will receive a provisional ballot and must bring the proper ID by 5 p.m. on Election Day. You can also receive a waiver if two election officials confirm your identity.

Alaska: A photo or non-photo ID must be presented, such as a voter registration card, driver’s license, birth certificate, passport, hunting/fishing license, utility bill, bank statement, government check or document that includes your name and address.

American Samoa: You must present your voter ID when heading to the polls. If you do not have one, you can present a government photo ID or U.S. passport. 

Arizona: You must present a photo ID to vote. If you only have a non-photo ID, you will receive a provisional ballot and must return to bring a photo ID within five days.

Arkansas: You must present a photo ID to vote. If you only have a non-photo ID, you will receive a provisional ballot and must return to bring a photo ID. 

Colorado: You must present an acceptable form of identification, such as a Colorado driver’s license, U.S. passport, voter ID card, or a utility bill from the last 60 days with your name and address.

Connecticut: You must bring identification, but the ID does not have to have a photo. If it does not have a photo, it must have your name and signature or name and address.

Delaware: A photo or non-photo ID must be presented, such as a driver’s license, birth certificate, passport, utility bill, bank statement, government check or document that includes your name and address. If you do not have proof of ID, you must sign an affidavit to confirm your identity and address. 

Florida: You must present a photo ID to vote, such as a Florida driver’s license or ID card, U.S. passport, debit or credit card, military identification, student ID, retirement center ID, neighborhood association identification, public assistance identification, veteran health ID card issued by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, or license to carry a concealed weapon. If you only have a non-photo ID or do not have one at all, you will receive a provisional ballot. 

Georgia: You must present a photo ID to vote. If you only have a non-photo ID, you will receive a provisional ballot and must return to bring a photo ID within three days. 

Hawaii: If it is your first time voting in Hawaii and you are registered to vote by mail, a photo or non-photo ID, current utility bill, bank statement, government check or document must be presented. Otherwise, you are not required to provide any ID.

Idaho: A photo or non-photo ID must be presented, such as a driver’s license, passport, concealed carry weapon license, tribal ID card or student ID card. If you do not have proof of ID, you must sign an affidavit to confirm your identity and address. 

Indiana: You must present a photo ID to vote. If you do not have one, you will receive a provisional ballot and have until noon 10 days after the Election to provide the proper documentation.

Iowa: You must present an acceptable form of photo identification such as an Iowa driver’s license, U.S. passport or Iowa voter ID card.

Kansas: You must present a photo ID to vote. If you don’t have one, you will receive a provisional ballot and have until noon 10 days after the Election to provide the proper documentation.

Kentucky: You must present an acceptable form of photo identification such as a Kentucky driver’s license, U.S. passport or military ID.

Louisiana: You must present a photo ID to vote. If you do not have one, you must cast your vote by signing a voter affidavit. 

Maine: If it is your first time voting in Maine, a photo or non-photo ID, current utility bill, bank statement, government check or document must be presented. Otherwise, you are not required to provide any ID. 

Maryland: If it is your first time voting in Maryland, a photo or non-photo ID, current utility bill, bank statement, government check or document must be presented. Otherwise, you are not required to provide any ID. 

Massachusetts: If it is your first time voting in Massachusetts, a photo or non-photo ID, current utility bill, bank statement, government check or document must be presented. Otherwise, you are not required to provide any ID. 

Michigan: You must present a photo ID to vote. If you do not have one, you must cast your vote by signing a voter affidavit. 

Mississippi: You must present a photo ID to vote. If you do not have one, you must cast your vote by signing on a voter affidavit and returning with a photo ID within five days. 

Missouri: A photo or non-photo ID must be presented. If you do not have one, you will receive a provisional ballot and have until Election Day to return with a photo ID or your signature is verified by an election official. 

Montana: A photo or non-photo ID must be presented. If you do not have proof of ID, you can request a “Polling Place Elector ID form.” You can also vote by provisional ballot and return to the county by 5 p.m. the day after the election with an acceptable form of ID. 

Nebraska: If it is your first time voting in Nebraska and you are registered to vote by mail, a photo or non-photo ID, current utility bill, bank statement, government check or document must be presented. Otherwise, you are not required to provide any ID. 

Nevada: If it is your first time voting in Nevada, a photo or non-photo ID, current utility bill, bank statement, government check or document must be presented. Otherwise, you are not required to provide any ID. 

New Hampshire: You must present a photo ID to vote. If you do not have one, you can still vote if an election official can confirm your identity. Otherwise, you must complete a Challenged Voter Affidavit and have your photo taken. If you cannot have your photo taken for religious reasons, you can complete a Religious Exemption Affidavit. 

New Jersey: You may have to show identification at the polls if your registration cannot be verified and you are a first-time voter. Otherwise, you are not required to provide any ID. 

New Mexico: If it is your first time voting in New Mexico and you submitted your voter registration application by mail, a photo or non-photo ID, current utility bill, bank statement, government check or document must be presented. Otherwise, you are not required to provide any ID. 

New York: If it is your first time voting in New York and you submitted your voter registration application by mail, a photo or non-photo ID, current utility bill, bank statement, government check or document must be presented. Otherwise, you are not required to provide any ID. 

North Dakota: You must present a photo ID to vote. If you do not have one, you may vote with a provisional ballot and return with a photo ID for your vote to be counted. 

Ohio: You must present a photo or non photo ID to vote, such as a state-issued driver’s license, military ID, utility bill, bank statement, government check or document. Social Security cards, passports, driver’s licenses from other states, birth certificates and insurance cards are not acceptable. If you do not have an acceptable ID, you may vote with a provisional ballot and give your driver’s license number, state ID number or Social Security Number (SSN). 

Oklahoma: A photo ID must be presented when heading to the polls. If you do not have one, you will receive a provisional ballot and must sign a voter affidavit. 

Puerto Rico: The Electoral Identity Card (TIE, in Spanish) needs to be presented at the poll. You can also vote by presenting your driver’s license or U.S. passport.

Rhode Island: A photo ID must be presented when heading to the polls. If you do not have one, you will receive a provisional ballot and your signature must match the one on your voter registration card. 

South Carolina: A photo ID must be presented when heading to the polls. If you do not have one, you will receive a provisional ballot and must return before the election is certified. 

South Dakota: A photo ID must be presented when heading to the polls. If you do not have one, you will have to sign a personal identification affidavit. 

Tennessee: A photo ID must be presented when heading to the polls, such as a state-issued driver’s license or ID, U.S. passport, military ID or handgun carry permit photo ID. If you do not have one, you will receive a provisional ballot and will have to return to your local election commission office within two business days. 

Texas: A photo ID must be presented when heading to the polls. If you do not have one, you can still cast a ballot by providing a form of ID and completing a “Reasonable Impediment Declaration.” 

Utah: One primary ID (state-issued driver’s license or ID card, concealed carry permit, U.S. passport or tribal ID card) OR two secondary IDs (utility bill, bank statement, birth certificate, Social Security card) must be presented when heading to the polls. If you do not have one, you will receive a provisional ballot and have two days to return with a valid photo ID and sign an affidavit. 

Virginia: A photo ID must be presented when heading to the polls, such as a state-issued driver’s license or ID, U.S. passport, military ID, student ID, utility bill, bank statement, government check or other document. If you do not have one, you will receive a provisional ballot. 

Washington: This state has all-mail voting but, in some cases, voters may need to visit a polling place to cast their ballot. You can either show a valid photo ID or sign an affidavit. 

West Virginia: A photo ID must be presented when heading to the polls. If you do not have one, you will receive a provisional ballot and your signature will be matched to the one on your voter registration card. 

Wisconsin: A photo ID must be presented when heading to the polls, such as a state-issued driver’s license or ID card, military ID card, U.S. passport, ID card receipt, certificate of naturalization or Veteran Affairs ID card. 

How to Report Polling Location Issues

To report polling location issues in your state, contact your local elections office. You can also file a report by filling out the Election Complaint Report form online (https://civilrights.justice.gov/report/) and by contacting the Voting Section within the Civil Rights Division here: https://civilrights.justice.gov/#contact-crt

Find your local election office contact information by visiting your state’s election website. Find your state or territory election website on this guide in the “Voter Registration Information by State and Territory” section. 

Can I vote online?

In the United States, you cannot vote online for local, state or federal elections. You must cast your vote by mail or in person. 

Elections in the United States

Types of Elections in the United States

In every election, there are two stages: the primary election followed by the general election. In some cases, there is a special election held to fill a vacant position in the case of a death, impeachment or resignation. 

Primary, General, and Special Elections

In a primary election — the first stage in the voting process in any election — voters cast a ballot to determine which candidates will be selected for the general election. Depending on the state, primary elections can be either an open election or closed election

In an open primary election, you can vote for any candidate, regardless of your or the candidate’s party affiliation. In a closed election, you can only vote for a candidate who belongs to the political party you are registered with, if it is a “partisan” position. 

The winners of the primary elections will move on to the next stage in the process: the general election.

A general election is the final election in the voting process and will determine who wins the election and is elected into office. 

A special election, on the other hand, is not a part of the regular election process. It only occurs if an officeholder can no longer occupy his or her position due to death, resignation or impeachment. 

Congressional, State, and Local Elections

Congressional Elections and Midterm Elections

Congressional elections are elections that occur every two years to vote in members of Congress. Unlike presidential elections, which use the Electoral College to determine the winners, representatives or senators are chosen by popular vote. This means that the representative or Senate candidate with the most votes wins. 

Midterm elections are the Congressional elections that occur during the halfway point between presidential elections. They are the Congressional election that occurs two years into a presidential term — mid way through the presidency.  

How Congressional Elections Work

Congressional elections differ based on which chamber is hosting the election: The U.S. House of Representatives, and the U.S. Senate. 

Each chamber has its own eligibility requirements, voting schedule and chamber size. 

U.S. House of Representatives

There are 435 voting members in the U.S. House of Representatives, and every two years they are up for re-election. States are broken down by district and voters elect their chosen representative for that district. 

To be a representative, there are certain requirements you must meet: You must be at least 25 years of age, be a U.S. citizen for at least seven years and live in the state you are seeking to represent. Every state has a different number of representatives, determined by population size. 

U.S. Senate

Every state has two senators, regardless of population size. To be a senator, you must be a U.S. citizen for at least nine years, live in the state you are representing, and be at least 30 years of age. Senators serve six-year terms, and are voted in by popular vote.

Congressional elections to elect members of the Senate occur every two years. In each election — either the midterm or presidential election — a total of one third of all senators are on the ballot.  In other words, the election of senators is staggered and is held every two years with voters electing senators one third at a time. 

State and Local Elections
Offices to Elect in State and Local Elections

At the state level, the following offices are generally elected: 

  • Governor
  • Lieutenant Governor
  • Secretary of State
  • Attorney General
  • Comptroller
  • Treasurer
  • State Senators
  • State Legislators.

At the local level, the following offices are generally elected: 

  • Mayor
  • City council members
  • County offices (county commission, board of education, etc.) 
  • Municipal offices
Election Administration at the State Level

For elections conducted at the state level, a chief election official is selected to oversee the entire election process for the state, and have full authority to operate as they see fit within the bounds of the law. What differs from state to state is who is selected as the official. 

In 24 states, the official is the elected Secretary of State. However, in Maine and Tennessee, the state legislatures select the chief election official. In states like Hawaii and New York, a board or commission appointed by the governor is responsible for overseeing the elections process.

Election Administration at the Local Level

Each state has its own way of operating when it comes to the election administration. In some states, a Board oversees the elections, while in others, it is a commission or a single person.                                

Ballot Initiatives

Ballot initiatives are proposed statutes or amendments that are written by state or local residents and go on the ballot to be voted on in the upcoming election. This gives voters the power to raise awareness on an issue — and in some states — bypass the state legislature. 

Each state has its own requirements for ballot initiatives to pass, but the general requirement for approval is a majority vote. The unique consideration in some states occurs when votes cast on the initiative only equal a fraction of the total amount of votes cast in the election. In these cases in some states, the initiative must receive at least 35% to 51% of the total votes cast in the election to pass, depending on the state.

Only the following 24 states (and Washington D.C.) offer ballot initiatives: 

  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Colorado
  • D.C., Washington
  • Florida
  • Idaho
  • Illinois
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Oregon
  • South Dakota
  • Utah
  • Washington
  • Wyoming
Direct vs. Indirect Ballot Initiatives

There are two types of initiatives: direct initiatives, which are proposals that go directly on the ballot once they qualify, and indirect initiatives, which are first submitted to the state legislature. 

Not all states allow direct ballot initiatives or indirect ballot initiatives, and some states allow both. 

States with direct ballot initiatives are: Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, District of Columbia, Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Maryland, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota.

States with indirect ballot initiatives are: Alaska, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Nevada, Ohio, Wyoming. 

States that offer both: Utah, Washington

How an Initiative Is Qualified for the Ballot

Each state sets its own requirements regarding what it takes for an initiative to qualify for the ballot. 

The initiative will typically start by filing the proposed petition with a state official and having it reviewed to ensure its compliance with statutory requirements and overall language. This is followed by drafting a ballot title and summary that voters will read when casting their votes. Then, petitioners usually must gather a certain number of signatures from registered voters in the state and submit it to the state elections office for verification. The initiative will then go directly on the ballot or go to the state legislature, depending on the state.  

Voting on Initiatives

Once an initiative is on the ballot through a direct or indirect process, it must obtain a certain number of votes to pass. The number of votes needed to pass varies by state. In some states, the initiative with the most votes passes. In others, the initiative will only pass if it reaches a specific percentage based on total votes cast in the current or previous election. 

Presidential Elections
U.S. Constitutional Requirements for Presidential Candidates

To qualify as a presidential candidate in the United States, you must meet three key eligibility requirements:

  • You must be a natural-born citizen of the United States.
  • You must be at least 35 years of age. 
  • You must have been a resident of the United States for 14 years. 
Presidential Election Cycle 

The presidential election process happens every four years on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November. Unlike congressional elections, the presidential candidate is voted in by the Electoral College, not by popular vote. 

In any presidential election, there are four steps. It starts with the first voting phase, which can be a primary election or caucus, depending on the state. This is followed by a series of national conventions, during which each political party selects its nominee to represent the party and the presidential candidate then announces his or her vice president (also known as a running mate). The general election, on Election Day, comes next and requires voters to cast their ballot for their choice of president and vice president. The Electoral College, comprising a group of electors from each state, then casts a vote to elect the president. The candidate who gets more than half of the electoral votes wins the election. Then, in December, members of the Electoral College officially vote in the elected president who will start his or her term on January 20. 

Primaries and Caucuses

Primaries, Caucuses, and Political Conventions all have the same goal: to determine which candidates will represent voters in the general election. 

Primary election and caucuses are events wherein citizens vote for the candidates they would like to represent them in the general elections. Some states use primary elections to vote for candidates, while others use a caucus.

State Primaries and Caucuses for the Presidential Elections

There are two main types of state primaries: open primaries, which allows voters to select any candidate they like, regardless of political party, and closed primaries, which limits voters to the candidates in their political parties. Each state decides which system it will use. 

While most states conduct primary elections, some U.S. states and territories organize caucuses. The states and territories that hold conduct caucuses rather than primary elections are: 

  • American Samoa
  • Guam 
  • Iowa 
  • Nevada
  • North Dakota 
  • Wyoming 
  • Kentucky (only for the Republican candidate)
  • The U.S. Virgin Islands

For the above locations, a caucus can fall into one of two categories. The first type is an open caucus, where voters can select a candidate from any political party (similar to open primaries). The second type is a closed caucus, which limits voters to the candidates in their political parties.

In the caucus process, meetings are held in various venues throughout the country during which members of the political parties express their support for the candidates and attempt to rally more supporters. At the end of the caucus, residents vote for their candidate of choice. 

Political Conventions

Political conventions happen after a primary or caucus. At political conventions, the political party officially announces which candidate will represent the political party in the general election. 

Depending on the election process and election outcomes while electing a party candidate, there are four types of political conventions: 

  • National convention – This occurs when a political party is ready to declare its candidate for the presidency (the delegates have elected a winner). 
  • Contested convention – This is the type of political convention where no candidate has the majority of delegates needed for them to be named the party representative. This will then require delegates to vote for the presidential nominee. 
  • Brokered convention – This is the type of political convention where, after pledged delegates vote for their candidate of choice, there is still no majority win. At this point, both unpledged superdelegates and pledged delegates get to vote for their candidate of choice to represent the party.  
  • State convention – This is a convention run by a political party to determine which electors will be chosen for the party in the Electoral College process.
What happens at a national political convention?

At a national convention, the political party committee officially declares which candidate will become its nominee and represent the party in the general election. The nominee will also announce his or her vice-president, or their running mate. It is usually a full-day event where speakers talk about the party’s key priorities, and ends with the formal nomination of the candidate. 

The candidate is elected by delegates of the political party hosting the convention. A delegate is someone who has been elected for a 2-year term to represent their political party within a specific voting precinct. Delegates meet at national conventions to select the candidates that will be in the running to represent their party in primary and general elections. They also vote on the rules governing the party, the platform of the party, and party officials. 

There are two types of delegates present at the national convention: the pledged delegates and the unpledged delegates.  

Pledged delegates are those who support the candidate that won the first voting phase — the primary election or caucus. Unpledged delegates, or superdelegates, are members of the party who are not bound by the primary or caucus election and can support any candidate.

Contested and Brokered Conventions

A national political convention is considered “contested” if no candidate has the majority of delegates. This will then require delegates to vote for the presidential nominee. This can take one or several rounds to determine the nominee depending on how the first one goes. 

For the first round, the candidate will typically receive votes from the pledged or bound delegates they awarded during the primary or caucuses. However, unpledged delegates are free to vote for anyone. If there is still no majority win following the first one, the convention is then called “brokered,” which allows superdelegates to vote in subsequent rounds and pledged delegates to vote for anyone.  

Electoral College

The Electoral College is the group of state electors who elect the president during every presidential election. There are currently 538 state electors in total, making up the Electoral College. Unlike congressional and state elections whose winners are determined by popular vote, the Electoral College votes for the president, not the citizens directly. 

Every state has a specific number of state electors who are responsible for voting for the president by representing their state. The number of state electors each state has is equal to the number of Congressional members — from the House of Representatives and the Senate — that the state has. 

Electoral College members are selected via a two-part process:

  1. Political parties select potential electors in each state: Parties will typically nominate electors at state conventions, or the central committee of the party will vote for the candidates they wish to be electors. 

This process varies from state to state and by political party. The types of candidates typically selected to be electors include party leaders and elected officials, or people who have an affiliation with the party’s candidate for president.

  1. Voters cast their vote for the president and potential electors: The second part of the selection process takes place on Election Day. When voters cast their vote for president, they are also casting their votes for electors in their state (either the Republican or Democratic electors that have been selected in step one above). Then, whichever candidate who wins the presidency, the electors affiliated with their political party are also elected. 

The only exceptions to this occur in the states Nebraska and Maine, where they have a proportional distribution of electors. The winner receives two electors and the others go to the winner of each congressional district.

How the Electoral College Process Works

The Electoral College operates on a winner-takes-all system. On Election Day, as each vote is counted, the candidate who earns the most votes — the popular vote — for that state earns the electoral votes for the entire state. To win the presidency, the candidate must earn at least 270 electoral votes; half of the total electoral votes. 

With this system, winning the nationwide popular vote does not guarantee winning the election. Instead, earning votes in states with the highest number of electors is generally what impacts winning the election the most.

On Election Night, there is a projected winner. However, electors do not meet until mid-December to cast their vote. In many states, electors are required to follow their state’s popular vote.

What Happens If No Candidate Wins the Electoral College

If no candidate earns 270 or more electoral votes, the House of Representatives will then be responsible for choosing the new president, and the Senate is responsible for choosing the vice president. 

Swing States

In the United States, most states are known as “red” or “blue” states, based on which political party most residents of the state align with. Some states are considered “swing” states because they do not have a majority of one political party affiliation. Therefore, it is not obvious which political party will win elections in the state beforehand. 

These states tend to have higher numbers of state electors, which necessarily has a larger impact on election outcomes. The most prominent swing states are:

  • Arizona
  • Colorado
  • Florida
  • North Carolina
  • Ohio
  • Georgia
  • Iowa
  • Michigan
  • Pennsylvania
  • Virginia
  • Minnesota
  • Nevada
  • New Hampshire
  • Wisconsin

Political Parties in the U.S. 

Democratic Party – www.Democrats.org 

Republican Party – www.GOP.com  

Green Party – www.GP.org  

Libertarian Party – www.LP.org  

Constitution Party – http://www.constitutionparty.com  

Democratic Socialists of America –  http://www.dsausa.org 

Independent Party – www.independentamericanparty.org 

Reform Party – www.reformparty.org 

Tea Party – www.teaparty.org 

Communist Party USA – www.cpusa.org   

Who can you vote for on Election Day?

Who you can vote for on Election Day will depend on your state rules and the type of election it is. Each state has its own rules regarding who residents can vote for in primary elections and caucuses. Some limit voters to candidates within their own political party while others allow them to vote for anyone. 

To see your state’s rules regarding who you can vote for, see the “Voter Registration Information by State and Territory” section of this guide. 

For general elections, residents countrywide are able to vote for any candidate, regardless of political affiliation. 

Write-In Candidates for Federal and State Elections

In some states, candidates who are not listed on the ballot for the election can be written in by voters who want to elect them. However, the candidates may need to complete a pre-approval process for their votes to be counted. 

As the rules vary by state, visit your state’s elections site for more information about write-in candidate policies. You can find your state or territory’s election website in the “Voter Registration Information by State and Territory” section of this guide. 

Where to Learn More About the Candidates Up for Election in Your State

You can learn more about the candidates running in your state by visiting your state’s elections website or Secretary of State website. Refer to the section “Voter Registration Information by State and Territory” for contact information and more.

What are sample ballots?

Sample ballots give voters an idea of what their real ballots will look like on Election Day. They typically show the races, candidates and ballot measures for that election. You can request a sample ballot through your state or territory website, which you can find on this guide in the “Voter Registration Information by State and Territory” section. 

How Voting Results Are Calculated

Each state uses its own method to calculate votes on Election Day. However, there are some standard ways to tally up votes. In most states, voters use electronic machines to cast their votes. As such, the system automatically tallies up the votes for each candidate. 

Paper ballots are generally counted using optical scanners. As of 2019, less than 5 percent of ballots were counted by hand across the nation. 

How to Volunteer at a Polling Site on Election Day

To volunteer at a polling site, you must first make sure you are eligible to work. Click the following link to review your state’s worker laws and statutes to ensure you qualify: https://www.eac.gov/sites/default/files/eac_assets/1/28/Compendium.2016.pdf

If you meet the requirements, visit this page https://www.eac.gov/help-america-vote and follow the instructions under the “Be a Part of Democracy. Help America Vote” section to look up how to apply to volunteer in your state county. 

You can also get jobs specifically for election season, including but not limited to:

  • Poll worker
  • Election communications coordinator
  • Voter outreach coordinator
  • Voter translator
  • Election technology specialist/voting system technicians

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